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A putative mutant of a self-compatible yellow passion fruit with the corona color as a phenotypic marker Um provável mutante autocompatível de maracujazeiro amarelo com a cor da corona como marcador fenotípico

By Margarete Magalhães Souza, Alexandre Pio Viana and Telma Nair Santana Pereira

Abstract

Yellow passion fruit (Passiflora edulis f. flavicarpa) is a self-incompatible crop with purple corona flowers (PCF). Plants exhibiting white corona flowers (WCF) were observed in an experimental field located in Campos dos Goytacazes - RJ, Brazil. This study was performed in order to test the fertility of these genotypes through studies of in vivo pollination, meiotic behavior and pollen viability. Using in vivo pollination, the mean fruit set percentage, obtained from self-pollinations at the moment that flowers open, was 70.83% in WCF and 0% in PCF. In terms of cytological analysis, for both kinds of plants, WCF and PCF, the meiotic behavior was considered regular, considering the high meiotic index estimated for both of them, 96.3% and 97.7%, and pollen viability, 98% and 99.5%, respectively. Such results suggest that the genotype WCF is self-compatible and interesting for use in genetic improvement of yellow passion fruit.<br>O maracujazeiro amarelo (Passiflora edulis f. flavicarpa) é autoincompatível e com flores de corona púrpura (PCF). Plantas com flores de corona branca (WCF) foram observadas em um campo experimental localizado em Campos dos Goytacazes (RJ), Brasil. Este estudo foi realizado para testar a fertilidade dos genótipos WCF por meio de estudos de polinização in vivo, comportamento meiótico e viabilidade polínica. Utilizando polinização in vivo, o percentual médio de frutos obtidos das autopolinizações realizadas no momento de abertura da flor foi de 70,83% em WCF and 0% em PCF. Quanto às analises citológicas, para ambos os tipos de plantas, WCF e PCF, o comportamento meiótico foi considerado regular, com alto índice meiótico para ambas, 96,3% e 97,7%, e viabilidade polínica de 98% e 99,5% respectivamente. Tais resultados indicam que o genótipo WCF é autocompatível e de interesse para o uso em programas de melhoramento genético do maracujazeiro amarelo

Topics: Maracujazeiro, autocompatibilidade, polinização in vivo, comportamento meiótico, viabilidade polínica, Passion flower, self-compatibility, in vivo pollination, meiotic behavior, pollen viability, Agriculture (General), S1-972, Agriculture, S, DOAJ:Agriculture (General), DOAJ:Agriculture and Food Sciences, Geology, QE1-996.5, Science, Q, DOAJ:Earth Sciences, DOAJ:Earth and Environmental Sciences
Publisher: Instituto Agronômico de Campinas
Year: 2010
DOI identifier: 10.1590/S0006-87052010000100003
OAI identifier: oai:doaj.org/article:36f5269f5b024bfc80957859f07d9ca3
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