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Investigation of interaction of human platelet membrane components with anticoagulant drugs Abciximab and Eptifibatide

By Ewa Gorodkiewicz, Anna Sankiewicz and Zbigniew A. Figaszewski

Abstract

Abciximab (Abci) and eptifibatide (Epti) are antiaggregate drugs which may reduce thrombotic complications inacute coronary syndromes. The aim of this work was the investigation of the interaction between the phospholipid-GPIIb/IIIa glycoprotein complex and Abci or Epti, and the influence of these drugs on the phospholipid ratio in the plateletmembrane. The interaction between the phospholipid-GPIIb/IIIa glycoprotein complex and antiaggregate drugs were investigatedusing the Surface Plasmon Resonance Imaging technique (SPRI). Phospholipids phosphatidylinositol (PI), phosphatidylserine(PS), phosphatidylethanolamine (PE), phosphatidylcholine (PC) and sphingomyelin (SM) were first immobilizedonto the gold chip surface. The phospholipid ratio in the platelet membrane was determined by the HPLC. Only PI,PS, PE and PC were determined. Human platelets treated 'in vitro' with Abci or Epti exhibit changes in the phospholipidratio in the platelet membrane. The ratio of PS decreases and PC rises. The SPRI distinctly shows interactions between phospholipidsand glycoprotein GPIIb/IIIa, and between the phospholipid-glycoprotein GPIIb/IIIa complex and Abci or Epti.The interaction between phospholipids and glycoprotein GPIIb/IIIa is growing in the sequence: PI<<SM<PE<PC<PS. Theinteraction between phospholipid-glycoprotein GPIIb/IIIa complex and Abci/Epti is growing in the sequence:PS<PI<PC<PE<SM. SPRI was proved to be excellent tool for observation of such interactions

Topics: abciximab, eptifibatide, phospholipids, SPRI, HPLC, Biology (General), QH301-705.5, Science, Q, DOAJ:Biology, DOAJ:Biology and Life Sciences, Cytology, QH573-671
Publisher: Via Medica
Year: 2010
OAI identifier: oai:doaj.org/article:2aef4aaed40d4a3fa8b4172f8bf80552
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