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Estudo dos conhecimentos de pacientes com hipertensão, diabetes ou glaucoma sobre suas doenças Level of knowledge of patients with glaucoma about their diagnosis compared with that of hypertensive and diabetic patients

By Kenji Sakata, Silvane Bigolin, Agostinho Bryk Junior, Maria Claudia Gomes Komatsu, Lisandro Sakata, Leciana Rorato Chiconelli Vanzo and Hilton Iran Ruthes

Abstract

Objetivo: Investigar o nível de conhecimento dos pacientes com diagnóstico de glaucoma sobre a sua doença, bem como comparar com o número de pacientes com suspeita de hipertensão ou diabetes com conhecimento da sua doença. Métodos: Realizou-se estudo descritivo durante a primeira etapa do Projeto Glaucoma no ano de 1999 no município de Piraquara-PR, onde foi atendida a população local acima de 40 anos realizando-se exame oftalmológico (tonometria, fundoscopia), aferição da pressão arterial e teste de glicemia. Resultados: Foram atendidas 922 pessoas. Duzentos e seis pacientes foram triados como suspeitos de serem diabéticos, dos quais 42,72% (n=88) sabiam de sua doença. Encontraram-se 625 pacientes com suspeita de hipertensão, dos quais 60,64% (n=379) afirmavam serem hipertensos. Foram encontrados 150 pacientes com suspeita de glaucoma crônico simples sendo que destes, apenas 3,33% (n=5) sabiam de sua doen-ça, ao passo que 96,67% (n=145) a desconheciam. Conclusão: O nível de conhecimento de pacientes com diagnóstico de glaucoma é extremamente baixo comparado com o número de pacientes com suspeita de terem hipertensão arterial ou diabetes.<br>Purpose: To investigate the level of knowledge among patients with glaucoma about their disease and to compare this group with the number of patients with suspected hypertension or diabetes who know about their disease. Methods: A descriptive study was conducted during the first stage of the Glaucoma Project in 1999 in the municipality of Piraquara, PR, where the local population older than 40 years was submitted to ophthalmologic examination (tonometry and fundoscopy), measurement of arterial pressure, and blood glucose test. Results: A total of 922 individuals were examined. Two hundred and six patients were screened as suspected diabetics; of these, 42.72% (n=88) knew about their disease. We detected 625 patients with suspected hypertension, 60.64% of whom (n=379) declared that they were hypertensive. A hundred and fifty pacients were screened as suspected open angle glaucoma; of these, only 3.33% (n=5) knew about their disease and 96.67% (n=145) were not aware of their disease. Conclusion: The level of knowledge of patients with a diagnosis of glaucoma is extremely low compared to the number of patients with suspected arterial hypertension or diabetes

Topics: Hipertensão, Diabetes mellitus, Glaucoma, Estudos de avaliação, Adulto, Hypertension, Diabetes mellitus, Glaucoma, Evaluation studies, Adult, Ophthalmology, RE1-994, Medicine, R, DOAJ:Ophthalmology, DOAJ:Medicine (General), DOAJ:Health Sciences
Publisher: Conselho Brasileiro de Oftalmologia
Year: 2002
DOI identifier: 10.1590/S0004-27492002000400014
OAI identifier: oai:doaj.org/article:54b3cd7bb98f45c1beaf2029560b9d88
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