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Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus in human milk

By FR Novak, JAG Almeida, MB Warnken, BT Ferreira-Carvalho and AN Hagler

Abstract

We collected and analyzed 500 samples of human milk, from five Brazilian cities (100 from each) to detect methicillin-resistant strains of Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) producing enterotoxins. We found 57 strains of MRSA, and the mecA gene, responsible for resistance, was detected in all of them using a specific molecular probe. We examined 40 strains for the presence of four enterotoxins, after selecting a subset that included all strains from each region, except for the largest sample, from which 10 were randomly selected. Among these two presented enterotoxin B, and growth in human colostrum and trypicase soy broth. After 5 h of incubation at 37°C, population sizes were already higher than 9.4 x 105 UFC/ml and enterotoxin was released into culture medium and colostrum. Our results stress the importance of hygiene, sanitary measures, and appropriate preservation conditions to avoid the proliferation of S. aureus in human milk

Topics: human milk methicillin, resistant, Staphylococcus aureus, enterotoxin, Brazil, Microbiology, QR1-502, Science, Q, DOAJ:Microbiology, DOAJ:Biology, DOAJ:Biology and Life Sciences, Arctic medicine. Tropical medicine, RC955-962, Special situations and conditions, RC952-1245, Internal medicine, RC31-1245, Medicine, R, DOAJ:Internal medicine, DOAJ:Medicine (General), DOAJ:Health Sciences
Publisher: Instituto Oswaldo Cruz, Ministério da Saúde
Year: 2000
DOI identifier: 10.1590/S0074-02762000000100003
OAI identifier: oai:doaj.org/article:570453002a784d0ebdfbb18f409e7bf6
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