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Mode of compensation to internally displaced persons (IDPs) from Thar coalfields areas of Sindh

By Gobind M. Herani


The main purpose of this study is to suggest the transparent mode of payment to expected internally displaced persons of Thar coalfields areas of district Tharparkar, Sindh province of Pakistan. According to national and international laws if people are displaced then they are being compensated as per applicable laws. Thar itself is backward area of Pakistan. At present due to presence of Thar coalfield, it is considered the mineral rich area of Pakistan. During mining, the people will be displaced and a suitable compensation will be set to pay. As practice, all IDPs are being paid the compensations in different areas of Pakistan by traditional ways and presently at some level, electronic media is used in transfer of payment to people. To make it more transparent a model is suggested. All the people having computerized national identity card (CNIC) be considered account holders and CNIC number be considered account number, which is already in practice by NADRA KIOSKS in Pakistan. All those who have no CNIC also be assigned account number with some identification. Amount whatever is decided be electronically transferred to every account. Every account holder be given a ATM card and password and for additional security finger prints/photograph be taken and after matching these, transactions should take place.

Topics: O15 - Human Resources; Human Development; Income Distribution; Migration, D85 - Network Formation and Analysis: Theory, D31 - Personal Income, Wealth, and Their Distributions, O17 - Formal and Informal Sectors; Shadow Economy; Institutional Arrangements, E42 - Monetary Systems; Standards; Regimes; Government and the Monetary System; Payment Systems, E24 - Employment; Unemployment; Wages; Intergenerational Income Distribution; Aggregate Human Capital, D24 - Production; Cost; Capital; Capital, Total Factor, and Multifactor Productivity; Capacity, D01 - Microeconomic Behavior: Underlying Principles
Year: 2011
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