The World Bank is the institution that assumed the role of economic and social catalyser through its structures and affiliated organisms. The article is a review of the Bank’s contribution to the development of Europe and Central Asia, as reflected by statistics. The paper presents the multiple roles the World Bank carries out in the specified regions, and the figures showing the level of preocupation for these regions on the Bank’s agenda. The author uses charts to illustrate the recent evolution of the allocations, considering both the origin and the destination of the funds (IBRD, IDA, IFC and MIGA). Last, the article refers to Romania, which beneficiates of theBank’s support in its effort to integrate in the EU and to create a viable market economy.