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Performance analysis - optimization of wireless relaying communications systems

By Θεόδωρος Τσιφτσής

Abstract

The concept of digital relaying has been studied as a theoretical problem from a network information theory perspective in 70’s and 80’s, and capacity regions of simple relaying channels have been evaluated. The scenario where the communication between two terminal is achieved with the help of a third terminal, was firstly implemented in bentpipe satellites. To the best of our knowledge, there has been no other analytical study on this concept until very recently due to the fact that there were no foreseeable applications at that time. With the maturity of digital wireless technologies and with the overwhelming demand for high data rate coverage, it seems that time has finally arrived for the implementation of intelligent relaying. The present PhD thesis contributes in that direction and gives to researchers of digital communications new techniques and smart tools by analyzing and studying multihop wireless communications systems in physical layer. In multihop systems, the source terminal transmits a signal which arrives to the destination terminal via a number of relays. By applying relayed transmission we mitigate two main reasons that causes Quality of Service degradation of the received signal, which are the low average receive power, induced by the presence of obstacles or by long distance, or due to the fluctuations in the received signal induced by fading effects. The main subject of this PhD is the evaluation of the performance metrics of multihop wireless communications systems, operating over Rayleigh or Nakagamim fading channels such as average signaltonoise ratio (SNR), outage probability and average biterror rate. To achieve this, the statistics of the equivalent endtoend SNR at the output of the destination terminal is required and specifically the probability density function, the cumulative distribution function, the moments and moment generating function (MGF). The performance metrics are presented either in closed forms giving direct results or in analytical ones where the results are extracted via numerical integration with the Πανεπιστήμιο Πατρών 9 use of standard mathematical software packages such as MATHEMATICA or MAPLE. Additionally, Monte Carlo simulation results are also presented for the verification of the numerical results. Considering all the above, a multihop system with Nhops over Nakagamim environment is studied, and important performance results are derived. Also, a novel statistical result regarding the MGF of the product of rational powers of Gamma random variables is presented for the first time in the technical literature. The performance metrics of the multihop system are evaluated for nonregenerative relays and specifically, for both channel state information (CSI)based and fixed gain relays. Moreover, in this PhD thesis a new type of relay is presented, the combined gain relay (CGR), and its performance is studied in dualhop systems. The performance of the CGRs is compared to CSIbased ones whose amplification gain depends on the channel state at their input. It is interesting that CGR performs better in some situations than CSI ones. Finally, we concentrate on multihop wireless communications systems with cooperative diversity. Cooperative diversity systems differ from conventional multihop ones since exploits the benefits of virtual transmit diversity in the source terminal and diversity reception in the destination terminal. Performance analysis is conducted for cooperative diversity systems with one or more users (relays) and selection combiner or maximal ratio combiner at the destination terminal, correspondingly

Topics: Αναμεταδότες, Επικοινωνίες πολλαπλών αλμάτων, Διαφορική συνεργασία χρηστών, Ασύρματα τηλεπικοινωνιακά συστήματα, Μη αναγεννητικοί αναμεταδότες, Διαλείψεις Nakagami - m, Πιθανότητα διακοπής επικοινωνίας, Μέση πιθανότητα σφάλματος, Relays, Multihop communications, Cooperative diversity, Wireless communications systems, Non - regenerative relays, Nakagami - m fading, Outage probability, Average error probability
Publisher: University of Patras
Year: 2006
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