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GALEN ON ORTHOPAEDICS

By ΚΩΝΣΤΑΝΤΙΝΟΣ ΞΑΡΧΑΣ

Abstract

THE STUDY CONSISTS OF THREE SECTIONS. IN THE FIRST ONE THE HISTORY OF ORTHOPAEDICS IN ANCIENT GREECE (FROM THE PREHISTORIC AGES TO THE ERA OF GALEN) IS RETROSPECTED. IN THE SECOND ONE GALEN'S PERSONALITY IS OUTLINED, HIS MEDICAL WORK IS ANALYSED AND HIS MEDICAL-PHILOSOPHICAL RELATIONSHIP WITH HIPPOCRATES IS DESCRIBED. THE THIRD SECTION SPECIFICALLY DEALS WITH GALEN'S ORTHOPAEDICS AND TRAUMATOLOGY. GENERAL KNOWLEDGE OF ANATOMY, BANDAGING AND SURGERY AND BASIC INFORMATION ON TREATMENT OF FRACTURES AND DISLOCATIONS ARE PRESENTED. INJURIES AND DISEASES ARE DESCRIBED ACCORDING TO THE ANATOMIC DART THEY REFER TO SPORTS MEDICINE, HAND, RHEUMATOLOGY AND OSTEOMYELITIS ARE DEALT WITHIN SPECIFIC CHAPTERS. DATA HAS BEEN SELECTED FROM KUHN'S EDITION OF GALEN'S WORKS AND FROM NUMEROUS PAPERS FROM THE INTERNATIONAL LITERATURE. CONCLUSIONS: 1. ORTHOPAEDICS AND TRAUMATOLOGY STARTED TO DEVELOP IN ANCIENT GREECE FROM THE PREHISTORIC AGES. 2.HIPPOCRATES IS THE "FATHER" OF THE CONTEMPORARY ORTHOPAEDICS AND TRAUMATOLOGY. 3. GALEN IS HIPPOCRATES' SPIRITUAL SON. HE WORKED ON ALL MEDICAL SPECIALITIES AND OFFERED A HUGE AMOUNT OF CLINICAL AND THEORETICAL KNOWLEDGE. 4. GALEN OFFERS HIS ORTHOPAEDIC KNOWLEDGE WHILE COMMENTING ON HIPPOCRATES' ORTHOPAEDIC WORKS. GALEN'S WORK ALMOST FULLY COVERS THE FIELD OF ORTHOPAEDICS AND TRAUMATOLOGY. GALEN NOT ONLY PRESERVES THE HIPPOCRATIC ORTHOPAEDIC KNOWLEDGE, BUT HE ALSO ENRICHES IT WITH NEW IDEAS, NOT HESITATING TO DISAGREE WHENEVER HIS OWN EXPERIENCE IS DIFFERENT.

Topics: GALEN, History of medicine, Orthopaedics, ΓΑΛΗΝΟΣ, ΙΣΤΟΡΙΑ ΤΗΣ ΙΑΤΡΙΚΗΣ, Ορθοπεδική
Publisher: National and Kapodistrian University of Athens
Year: 1995
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