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Multi-objective design optimisation of GFRP sandwich beams\ud

By Z.K. Awad, Thiru Aravinthan, Y. Zhuge and Luis F. Gonzalez


A novel Glass Fibre Reinforced Polymer (GFRP) sandwich panel was developed by an Australian manufacturer for civil engineering applications. This research is motivated by the new applications of GFRP sandwich structures in civil engineering such as slab, beam, girder and sleeper. An optimisation methodology is developed in this work to enhance the design of GFRP sandwich beams. The design of single and glue laminated GFRP sandwich beam were conducted by using numerical optimisation. The numerical multi-objective optimisation considered a design two objectives simultaneously. These objectives are cost and mass. The numerical optimisation uses the Adaptive Range Multi-objective Genetic Algorithm (ARMOGA) and Finite Element (FE) method. Trade-offs between objectives was found during the optimisation process. Multi-objective optimisation shows a core to skin mass ratio equal to 3.68 for the single sandwich beam cross section optimisation and it showed that the optimum core to skin thickness ratio is 11.0

Topics: 090503 Construction Materials, 090506 Structural Engineering, 091202 Composite and Hybrid Materials, Design optimisation, Sandwich beams, Glass fibres
Publisher: CRC Press
Year: 2012
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