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Occupational driver safety : conceptualising a leadership-based intervention to improve safe driving performance

By Sharon A. Newnam, Ioni M. Lewis and Barry C. Watson

Abstract

Occupational driving crashes are the most common cause of death and injury in the workplace. The physical and psychological outcomes following injury are also very costly to organizations. Thus, safe driving poses a managerial challenge. Some research has attempted to address this issue through modifying discrete and often simple target behaviors (e.g., driver training programs). However, current intervention approaches in the occupational driving field generally do not consider the role of organizational factors in workplace safety. This study adopts the A-B-C framework to identify the contingencies associated with an effective exchange of safety information within the occupational driving context. Utilizing a sample of occupational drivers and their supervisors, this multi-level study examines the contingencies associated with the exchange of safety information within the supervisor-driver relationship. Safety values are identified as an antecedent of the safety information exchange, and the quality of the leader-member exchange relationship and safe driving performance is identified as the behavioral consequences. We also examine the function of role overload as a factor influencing the relationship between safety values and the safety information exchange. Hierarchical Linear Modelling found that role overload moderated the relationship between supervisors’ perceptions of the value given to safety and the safety information exchange. A significant relationship was also found between the safety information exchange and the subsequent quality of the leader-member exchange relationship. Finally, the quality of the leader-member exchange relationship was found to be significantly associated with safe driving performance. Theoretical and practical implications of these results are discussed

Topics: 150703 Road Transportation and Freight Services, 170100 PSYCHOLOGY, Occupational driving, Work-related driving, Safety climate, Safety values, Leader–member exchange
Publisher: Elsevier
Year: 2012
DOI identifier: 10.1016/j.aap.2011.11.003
OAI identifier: oai:eprints.qut.edu.au:47418

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