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Three Carrier Ambiguity Resolutions : Generalised problems, models and solutions

By Yanming Feng and Bofeng Li


In this paper, the problems of three carrier phase ambiguity resolution (TCAR) and position estimation (PE) are generalized as real time GNSS data processing problems for a continuously observing network on large scale. In order to describe these problems, a general linear equation system is presented to uniform various geometry-free, geometry-based and geometry-constrained TCAR models, along with state transition questions between observation times. With this general formulation, generalized TCAR solutions are given to cover different real time GNSS data processing scenarios, and various simplified integer solutions, such as geometry-free rounding and geometry-based LAMBDA solutions with single and multiple-epoch measurements. In fact, various ambiguity resolution (AR) solutions differ in the floating ambiguity estimation and integer ambiguity search processes, but their theoretical equivalence remains under the same observational systems models and statistical assumptions. TCAR performance benefits as outlined from the data analyses in some recent literatures are reviewed, showing profound implications for the future GNSS development from both technology and application perspectives

Topics: 090904 Navigation and Position Fixing, 090902 Geodesy, Three carrier phase ambiguity resolution, Real time GNSS processing, Constrained Kalman filter
Publisher: International Association of Chinese Professionals in Global Positioning Systems (CPGPS)
Year: 2009
DOI identifier: 10.5081/jgps.8.2.115
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