After World War II the Soviet Union was left as the sole military and political force capable of matching the United States. A forty-six year Cold War then ensued between the United States and the Soviet Union in the battle for global power and ideological supremacy. The Cold War was fought on many fronts, including the sporting arena. The former Soviet Union was highly successful in its pursuit of sporting dominance. During the Cold War era, in fact, the Soviet Union was by far the most successful nation in the Olympic “team” competition. The success of the “Big Red Machine” has been attributed to a number of factors, but the most significant was the allocation of enormous financial and scientific resources for sports development
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