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Verbindungen des Formeltyps M2El2(OtBu)8

By Michael Veith, Dieter Käfer, Jürgen Koch, Peter May, Lothar Stahl and Volker Huch


By simple salt-exchange processes the starting materials Na2El2(OtBu)6 (El = Ge, Sn, Pb) can be transformed to germanates, stannates and plumbates of divalent magnesium and divalent transition metals. Two types of compounds are formed in these reactions: MEl2(OtBU)6 [El = Ge, M = Mg (1A), Cr (1B), Mn (1C), Zn (1 F); El = Pb, M Mn (3C), M = Zn (3 F)] and M2El2(OtBu)8 [El = Ge, M = Co (1d), Ni (1e); El = Sn, M = Mg (2a), Cr (2b), Mn (2c), Co (2d), Ni (2e); El = Pb, M = Co (3d)]. Single-crystal X-ray diffraction studies have been performed on 1C, 1d, 2a, 2b, 2c, 2d, and 2e, and the structures have been solved. In 1C the Mn atom occupies the center of an elongated O6 octahedron, the germanium(II) atoms displaying pyramidal coordination by three oxygen atoms. The central molecular cage can be described as two MnO3Ge trigonal bipyramids sharing the common central Mn atom and being wrapped by tert-butyl groups linked to the oxygen atoms. The other compounds of the MEl2(OtBU)6 formula seem to be isostructural with the exception of 3F, which displays a H-1-NMR spectrum which is not compatible with this structure. All X-ray structures of the compounds M2El2(OtBu)8 show the same feature: to a central M2(OtBU)2 four-membered ring are spirocyclically connected two M(OtBu)2El rings through the common metal atoms M. The structure is completed by the coordination of an exocyclic tert-butoxy group to the terminal El atoms. The metal atoms M are therefore quasi tetrahedrally coordinated while the Ge and Sn atoms are in pyramidal three-fold oxygen atom environments. All molecules display an El...M...M...El one-dimensional arrangement. From susceptibility measurements it is apparent, that in the compounds MEl2(OtBu)6 and M2El2(OtBu)8 the transition metal atoms are in high-spin configurations, which is also supported by the UV spectra. Analysis of the structural data of the series 2a-2e reveal important contributions of the electronic environments of the transition metal atoms to the M...M and M...Sn distances. A qualitative MO description is used to explain these features. Again it has been shown that the geometrical softness" of Ge(OtBu)3 and Pb(OtBu)3 is greater than of Sn(OtBu)3, as the former two can accomodate Cr2+ and Mn2+ in a sixfold coordination site by two units, while Sn(OtBu)3 coordinates Cr2+ and Mn2+ with only two alkoxy groups. when 1C and 2d are allowed to react with nonacarbonyldiiron Mn-Ge2(OtBu)6 . 2 Fe(CO)4 (4) and Co2Sn2(OtBu)8 . 2 Fe(CO)4 (5), respectively, are formed. Compound 4 displays presumably five metal atoms in a linear arrangement while 5 has six metallic elements arranged in one dimension. The latter fact has been unambigously proved by an X-ray structure determination

Topics: Germanium, Blei, Chemistry and allied sciences
Publisher: Sonstige Einrichtungen. INM Leibniz-Institut für Neue Materialien
Year: 1992
OAI identifier: oai:scidok.sulb.uni-saarland.de:1808

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