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STK39 Polymorphism Is Associated with Essential Hypertension: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis

By Bo Xi, Man Chen, Giriraj R Ch, Yue Shen, Li Yan, Juan He and Si-hua Mou

Abstract

Background: A recent genome-wide association study identified STK39as a candidate gene for blood pressure (BP) in Europeans. Subsequently, several studies have attempted to replicate the association across different ethnic populations. However, the results have been inconsistent. Objective and Methods: We performed a meta-analysis to elucidate the association between the STK39 rs3754777 polymorphism (or proxy) and hypertension. Published literature from PubMed and Embase databases were retrieved and pooled odds ratio (OR) with 95 % confidence interval (CI) was calculated using fixed- or random-effects model. Results: Using appropriate inclusion/exclusion criteria, we identified 10 studies that included 21, 863 hypertensive cases and 24, 480 controls from different ethnicities. The meta-analysis showed a significant association of STK39 rs3754777 variant with hypertension (OR = 1.10, 95%CI = 1.06–1.15, p = 7.9561026). Further subgroup analysis by ethnicity suggested that the association was significant in Europeans (OR = 1.08, 95 % CI = 1.03–1.14, p = 0.002) and in East Asians (OR = 1.16, 95%CI = 1.07–1.25, p = 4.3461024), but not in Africans (OR = 1.01, 95%CI 0.80–1.27, p = 0.932). We further confirmed the positive association by sensitivity analysis. No publication bias was detected (Begg’s test, p = 0.721; Egger’s test, p = 0.744). Conclusions: The present meta-analysis confirms the significant association of STK39 polymorphism with susceptibility t

Year: 2016
OAI identifier: oai:CiteSeerX.psu:10.1.1.797.8261
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