The aim of this research was to develop a short version of the WUSE scale (Eachus and Cassidy, 2004) without compromising its psychometric properties. Using item analysis the original 40-item WUSE scale was reduced to 20 items, which were then incorporated into a questionnaire, which was used in a survey of students in higher education. \ud Extensive testing of the new scale used a diverse sample in order to further refine the scale and establish a comprehensive bank of normative data. The results of this survey suggest that the scale has acceptable standards of reliability and validity and should therefore have wide utility in higher education
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