Graduation date: 1992A controversy regarding literacy lies at the heart of debates over the\ud current state of American education. In response to the debate, this study\ud reviews and analyzes the literacy theories of E.D. Hirsch, Jr., Walter Ong,\ud Sylvia Scribner and Michael Cole, Shirley Brice Heath, and Paulo Freire. The\ud author presents a language arts teacher's perspective on these literacy theories\ud and their implications for her own pedagogy by addressing the following\ud questions: What is meant by the literacy crisis? How is literacy defined by\ud contemporary literacy theorists? What are the implications of these theories\ud for the teaching of language arts? The author concludes that literacy involves\ud a repertoire of social and cognitive practices which inform a critical pedagogy\ud in language arts
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