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An analysis of the competencies required for selected home-based care occupations



Graduation date: 1993This research evaluated the importance of select competencies in\ud the area of human behavior, important to home-based caregivers\ud employed independently and/or within a service agency in the State\ud of Alaska. Data were gathered from respondents working in\ud home-based care (N=76), and from those working in a related field\ud (N=38). Data were collected on a forty-three (43) item instrument,\ud using a five-point Likert type scale. The instrument was validated\ud by a consensus of panelists using the Delphi technique. The\ud reliability of the instrument was determined to be +0.893, using the\ud Hoyt-Stunkard method.\ud Analysis of variance tests were completed for each of the\ud forty-three (43) competencies and for two work status\ud characteristics to determine differences between responses of those\ud working in home-based care and those working in a related field.\ud Factor analysis, using the R-mode, provided for clustering of\ud competencies and constituted the major analysis procedure for the\ud study. The purpose of the study was to provide curriculum planning\ud direction for postsecondary training in human behavior-related\ud competencies for home-based caregivers.\ud The results of the study indicated the presence of five (5)\ud clusters of content considered basic to training curriculum for all\ud home-based caregivers. The clusters included: One Family systems\ud (8 competencies); Two - Nutrition and food management (6\ud competencies); Three - Human development (13 competencies);\ud Four Home safety and accessibility (9 competencies); and Five\ud Organization and interpersonal skills (8 competencies).\ud Overall competency means ranged from 2.986 to 4.522.\ud Significance tests showed thirteen (13) rejected hypotheses for the\ud forty-three (43) competencies. The mean scores for twelve (12) of\ud those rejected were slightly higher for those working in home-based\ud care than for those working in a related field.\ud The results of the study present direction for postsecondary\ud vocational curriculum development in human behavior-related\ud competencies important to home-based caregivers

Year: 1993
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Provided by: ScholarsArchive@OSU

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