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Passively controlled variable-speed generator system



Graduation date: 2000This thesis presents both an analysis and simulations of a passively controlled variable-speed generator system, which can be applied for renewable energy sources such as wind turbines. Parallel connected passive/external resistors and inductors are connected to the slip rings of a wound rotor induction machine to provide an acceptable speed operation range, while maintaining high efficiency of the generator system. Two generators, of 80 kW and 186 kW ratings, have been tested and compared to their simulations and good correlation has been obtained.\ud It is shown by both modelling and by laboratory tests that the steady-state power characteristic is well suited to the application and the efficiency compares well with similar rated machines in which either a fixed speed is required or power electronic converters provide the adjustable speed control. Thus, the tested systems are comparable in energy capture while being lower in costs and being both more robust and more reliable. In consequence, it is a more practical solution than power electronics for remote locations.\ud The dynamic results indicate that the generator is dynamically stable following three types of transient conditions: connections to the grid at non-synchronous speed; sudden decreases and increases in applied torque to simulate wind gusts; cyclic torque changes to demonstrate tower shadow effects. Unreasonable transients and undamped conditions have been neither predicted nor observed.\ud Finally, it is proposed that the external elements could be developed to be linked to the rotor circuit without slip rings enabling a complete passive and brushless system

Year: 1999
OAI identifier: oai:ir.library.oregonstate.edu:1957/33228
Provided by: ScholarsArchive@OSU

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