Imaging guidance may allow minimally invasive alternatives to open surgical exposure and help reduce procedure risk and morbidity. The inherent vascular and soft-tissue contrast of MRI make it an appealing imaging modality to guide cardiovascular interventional procedures. Advances in real-time MRI have made MRI-guided procedures a realistic possibility. The MR environment, however, introduces additional challenges to the development of compatible, conspicuous and safe devices. The overall goal of this work was to enable selected MRI-guided cardiovascular interventional procedures with clearly visible MR devices. In the first part of this work, we developed actively visualized devices for three distinct MRI-guided interventional procedures and techniques to assess their signal performance. We then investigated factors influencing complex device safety in the MR environment and evaluated a technique to better determine and monitor potential device heating. This input contributed to the development of a system to further improve device safety with continual device monitoring and dynamic scanner feedback control. In the final part of this work, we demonstrated the utility of MRI guidance and actively visualized devices to enable traditional and complex cardiovascular access. Together these provide important elements to bring MRI-guided cardiovascular interventional procedures closer to clinical implementation.PhDCommittee Chair: Yoganathan, Ajit P; Committee Member: Lederman, Robert J; Committee Member: McVeigh, Elliot R; Committee Member: Oshinski, John N; Committee Member: Taylor, W Rober
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