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    Community music therapy with refugee children in transit camps on the Greek island of Chios: ‘Like one family, together’

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    Giorgos Tsiris - ORCID: 0000-0001-9421-412X https://orcid.org/0000-0001-9421-412XItem is not available in this repository.This chapter is based on a five-year practice-led exploration of group music therapy with refugee children on the Greek island of Chios. Although an increasing number of music therapists work with refugees, practice is only sparsely documented, and there are rare accounts of work within transit camps to date. This chapter seeks to contribute to this gap. Extending beyond trauma-specific considerations, we outline the development of a community-oriented approach to music therapy in relation to the everyday refugee experience within formal and informal transit camps. The narratives and insights emerging from this exploration are explored alongside the principles of Psychological First Aid (PFA). We reflect on the role of music therapy in relation to refugee children's experience of crisis and adversity. Future directions that are transferable to other similar contexts of practice are discussed.https://www.taylorfrancis.com/chapters/edit/10.4324/9781003265610-3/community-music-therapy-refugee-children-transit-camps-greek-island-chios-mitsi-akoyunoglou-giorgos-tsiris?context=ubx&refId=14738761-b628-47e5-bb4b-e821729c9664https://doi.org/10.4324/9781003265610pubpu

    How to measure lineup fairness: Concurrent and predictive validity of lineup-fairness measures

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    This item is embargoed in this repository until 2025-02-01.Jamal Mansour - ORCID: 0000-0001-7162-8493 https://orcid.org/0000-0001-7162-8493The current study examined the concurrent and predictive validity of four families of lineupfairness measures—mock-witness measures, perceptual ratings, face-similarity algorithms, and resultant assessments (assessments based on eyewitness participants’ responses)—with 40 mock crime/lineup sets. A correlation analysis demonstrated weak or non-significant correlations between the mock-witness measures and the algorithms, but the perceptual ratings correlated significantly with both the mock-witness measures and the algorithms. These findings may reflect different task characteristics—pairwise similarity ratings of two faces versus overall similarity ratings for multiple faces—and suggest how to use algorithms in future eyewitness research. The resultant assessments did not correlate with the other families, but a multilevel analysis showed that only the resultant assessments—which are based on actual eyewitness choices—predicted eyewitness performance reliably. Lineup fairness, as measured using actual eyewitnesses, differs from lineup fairness as measured using the three other approaches.https://doi.org/10.1080/1068316X.2024.2307358aheadofprintaheadofprin

    Leaving or Staying “Home” in a Time of Rupture: International Students’ Experiences of Loneliness and Social Isolation during COVID-19

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    Olivia Sagan - ORCID: 0000-0001-6128-8499 https://orcid.org/0000-0001-6128-8499Mhairi Scally-Robertson - ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-3740-5285AM replaced with VoR 2024-01-15.During COVID-19, international students were faced with the decision of remaining in their country of study or returning to their home countries, with little knowledge of when they would next be able to return or leave. Both choices left the students vulnerable to feelings of loneliness and social isolation. This paper examines how international students at a Scottish university experienced and navigated leaving or staying “home” and how loneliness and social isolation characterised these experiences. We further contextualise these experiences through Holbraad et al.’s (2019) prism of “rupture”. The data were generated between February-July 2021 through semi-structured focus groups and qualitative questionnaire comments and were analysed through Thematic Analysis. We discuss three themes: 1) Liminal Friends and Strangers, 2) Sense of Home and Family, and 3) Staying or Leaving the Country. The study contributes to the expanding body of research on experiences of loneliness and social isolation amongst international students.pubpu

    Understanding health system resilience in responding to COVID-19 pandemic: experiences and lessons from an evolving context of federalization in Nepal

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    From Springer Nature via Jisc Publications RouterHistory: received 2023-05-11, registration 2024-02-19, accepted 2024-02-19, epub 2024-04-04, online 2024-04-04, collection 2024-12Acknowledgements: The authors would like to acknowledge all stakeholders who participated in this study and shared their valuable experiences.Publication status: PublishedMaria Paolo Bertone - ORCID: 0000-0001-8890-583X https://orcid.org/0000-0001-8890-583XSophie Witter - ORCID: 0000-0002-7656-6188 https://orcid.org/0000-0002-7656-6188This record replaces https://eresearch.qmu.ac.uk/handle/20.500.12289/13690 for the AAM, which was deposited on 2024-03-05.Introduction: The COVID-19 pandemic has tested the resilience capacities of health systems worldwide and highlighted the need to understand the concept, pathways, and elements of resilience in different country contexts. In this study, we assessed the health system response to COVID-19 in Nepal and examined the processes of policy formulation, communication, and implementation at the three tiers of government, including the dynamic interactions between tiers. Nepal was experiencing the early stages of federalization reform when COVID-19 pandemic hit the country, and clarity in roles and capacity to implement functions were the prevailing challenges, especially among the subnational governments. Methods: We adopted a cross-sectional exploratory design, using mixed methods. We conducted a desk-based review of all policy documents introduced in response to COVID-19 from January to December 2020, and collected qualitative data through 22 key informant interviews at three tiers of government, during January-March 2021. Two municipalities were purposively selected for data collection in Lumbini province. Our analysis is based on a resilience framework that has been developed by our research project, ReBUILD for Resilience, which helps to understand pathways to health system resilience through absorption, adaptation and transformation. Results: In the newly established federal structure, the existing emergency response structure and plans were utilized, which were yet to be tested in the decentralized system. The federal government effectively led the policy formulation process, but with minimal engagement of sub-national governments. Local governments could not demonstrate resilience capacities due to the novelty of the federal system and their consequent lack of experience, confusion on roles, insufficient management capacity and governance structures at local level, which was further aggravated by the limited availability of human, technical and financial resources. Conclusions: The study findings emphasize the importance of strong and flexible governance structures and strengthened capacity of subnational governments to effectively manage pandemics. The study elaborates on the key areas and pathways that contribute to the resilience capacities of health systems from the experience of Nepal. We draw out lessons that can be applied to other fragile and shock-prone settings.pubpu

    Service evaluation: Three subjective questions that aid in identifying frozen shoulder—Within a multi‐centre musculoskeletal physiotherapy department in primary care

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    From Crossref journal articles via Jisc Publications RouterHistory: received 2024-04-04, accepted 2024-04-10, epub 2024-04-21, issued 2024-04-21, published 2024-04-21Article version: VoRPublication status: PublishedPrateek Rangra - ORCID: 0000-0002-1457-991X https://orcid.org/0000-0002-1457-991XFrozen shoulder is a prevalent condition seen in primary care in the UK, 2%–10% of the general population and up to 20% of the diabetic population (Hanchard et al., 2020; Rae et al., 2019; Walker-Bone et al., 2004). Frozen shoulder is characterised by stiffness, pain, and limitation in function. Frozen shoulder is associated with variable prognosis and management strategies (Pandey & Madi, 2021; Rangan et al., 2020; Rex et al., 2021). It can be difficult to assess, diagnose and differentiate from other shoulder pathologies (Lyne et al., 2022). This is mainly due to commonality in aetiology and subjective findings in people presenting with shoulder pain. Physical examination is an integral part of frozen shoulder diagnosis. Therefore, an early identification is important to deliver good quality of care. The delivery of care in primary care settings is changing in the UK, with remote consultations on first contact becoming more prevalent in MSK settings (Rennie et al., 2022). It is also important to note that telephone assessments remain far more in number than assessments over video-based platforms in primary care settings (Murphy et al., 2021). This presents with a new set of challenges in diagnosing frozen shoulder and may cause delay in delivery of care. There are subjective pain related complaints of frozen shoulder originally described by Codman in the 1930s and more recently by Atkin et al. (2016). These include pain constant in nature, pain on lying on the side at night and no radiating pain below the elbow. With stiffness in the shoulder being a common underlying feature. There has been a lot of research on aetiology, pathophysiology, and physical examination of frozen shoulder. However, there is a gap in the literature on exploring the relationship between key pain related subjective complaints and diagnosis of frozen shoulder. The musculoskeletal physiotherapy service in East Lothian National Health Service, Scotland, consists of a telephone consultation to triage on first contact for self-referring patients. It was noted that pain related questions were regularly asked in these remote consultations when assessing shoulder pain; however, as discussed before, their relevance has not been evaluated in the literature in depth. Therefore, a service evaluation was carried out to investigate the relationship between three questions related to pain (i.e., Is the pain constant? Is there pain lying on the side at night? Does the pain radiate below the elbow?) and a diagnosis of frozen shoulder was made following face to face assessment. Additionally, this may help to provide some insight into whether frozen shoulder and other shoulder pathologies can be differentiated based on these pain related questions.pubpu

    Decision-making accuracy of soccer referees in relation to markers of internal and external load

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    Data related to the paper: McEwan, G.P., Unnithan, V.B., Easton, C., Glover, A. J., and Arthur, R (2024). Decision-making accuracy of soccer referees in relation to markers of internal and external load. European Journal of Sport Science. (preprint) https://eresearch.qmu.ac.uk/handle/20.500.12289/1368

    Transnational Arab Stardom: Glamour, Performance and Politics

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    Stefanie Van de Peer - ORCID: 0000-0003-3152-2912 https://orcid.org/0000-0003-3152-2912Item is not available in this repository.Building on the work of star studies scholars, this collection provides contextual analyses of off-screen representation, as well as close textual analyses of films and star personas, thereby offering an in-depth study of the Arab star as text and context of Arab cinema. Using the tools of audience reception studies, the collection will also look at how stars (of film, stage, screen and new media) are viewed and received in different cultural contexts, both within and outside of the Arabic-speaking world. Arab cinema is often discussed in terms of political representation and independent art film, but rarely in terms of stardom, glamour, performance or masquerade. Aside from a few individual studies on female stardom or aspects of Arab masculinity, no major English-language study on Arab stardom exists, and collections on transnational stars or world cinema also often neglect to include Arab performers. This new book seeks to address this gap by providing the first study dedicated entirely to stardom on the Arab screen. Structured chronologically and thematically, this collection highlights and explores Arab film, screen and music stars through a transnational and interdisciplinary set of contributions that draw on feminist, performance and film theories, media studies, sound studies, material culture, queer star and celebrity studies, and social media studies.https://www.bloomsbury.com/uk/transnational-arab-stardom-9781501393242/pubpu

    Exploring the feasibility of a cluster pilot randomised control trial to improve children’s 24-hour movement behaviours and dietary intake: Happy homework

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    Rosie Arthur - ORCID: 0000-0003-0651-4056 https://orcid.org/0000-0003-0651-4056We aimed to explore the feasibility, acceptability, and potential efficacy of Happy Homework (HH); an 8-week home-focussed intervention, with the purpose of encouraging children’s positive dietary behaviours and engagement in positive physical activity (PA) and sleep behaviours. We randomised four Scottish schools (n = 71 participants; 5 classrooms) to either the HH intervention (n = 2) or usual curriculum control group (n = 2). HH consisted of movement and dietary-focused parent and child tasks. Primary outcome measures were intervention feasibility, acceptability, and potential efficacy. Secondary outcomes were objectively measured PA via ActiGraph GT3X+, sedentary behaviours (SBs) and sleep duration via activPAL4™ accelerometers and dietary behaviours, fruit and vegetable consumption and screen-time via questionnaires. After controlling for pre-test levels, post intervention stepping time and sleep duration were significantly greater for the HH group in comparison to the control group. The HH group reported eating more fruit and vegetables at post-test than the control group. Participants also reported the intervention to be enjoyable and motivating. These findings provide promising evidence that given a greater sample size, better retention and the prioritisation of health and wellbeing homework, HH could enhance children’s health and wellbeing.https://doi.org/10.1080/02640414.2023.2300562aheadofprintaheadofprin

    Book Review: Their Own Best Creations: Women Writers in Postwar Television

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    From Crossref journal articles via Jisc Publications RouterHistory: epub 2024-01-02, issued 2024-01-02Publication status: PublishedItem is not available in this repository.19pubpub

    Building an ethical research culture: Scholars of refugee background researching refugee-related issues

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    Helen Baillot - ORCID: 0000-0003-2848-023X https://orcid.org/0000-0003-2848-023XRecent scholarship on the need to decolonize refugee research, and migration research more generally, points to the urgency of challenging ongoing colonial power structures inherent in such research. Increased involvement of scholars with lived experience is one way to challenge and remake unequal and colonial power relations. Through discussions with researchers of forced migration, we aimed to explore the challenges, barriers, and supports related to involvement in such research, and to identify how research practices and structures could be improved to increase and facilitate the involvement of scholars with refugee backgrounds. In this field reflection, we highlight key points and suggestions for better research practice that emerged from these discussions. In doing so, we are endeavouring to contribute to the important ongoing conversation about ethics and decolonizing research. We build on existing ethical guidelines by opening up some of the complexities of ethical practice and offering concrete actions that can be taken to work through these.This research was funded by the Scottish Irish Migration Initiative, a collaboration between University College Dublin and the University of Edinburgh. The webinar in March 2023 was supported by the Scottish Irish Migration Initiative, Universities of Sanctuary, and the School of Social Policy, Social Work and Social Justice at University College Dublin.https://doi.org/10.1093/jrs/feae005pubpu


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