Jurnal Kesehatan Andalas
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    1105 research outputs found

    Hubungan Kejadian Hipertensi dengan Kualitas Hidup Penduduk Lanjut Usia di Wilayah Kerja Puskesmas Rijali Desa Batu Merah Kota Ambon Maluku

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    Hypertension is a degenerative disease that is often encountered in older people. Health status, such as hypertension, can interfere with the quality of life of the elderly. Objective: To determined the relationship between the incidence of hypertension and the quality of life of the elderly in the working area of the Puskesmas Rijali, Batu Merah Village, Ambon City, in 2022. Methods: This study was an observational analytic study with a cross-sectional design and used a consecutive sampling technique in sampling. Results: This study showed that from 76 samples, as many as 40 people (52.6%) suffered from hypertension and 36 people (47.4%) did not. Eight people (10.5%) had poor quality of life and 68 people (89.5%) had a good quality of life. The bivariate analysis results using Chi-square showed a p-value = 0.715 (p > 0,05). Conclusion: It can be said that there is no significant relationship between the incidence of hypertension and the quality of life of the elderly. Further research is needed regarding other factors that affect the quality of life of the elderly such as subject characteristics, medication adherence, and other chronic diseases, which according to several studies, have significance in determining the quality of life.Keywords: elderly,  hypertension, quality of lif

    Efek Pemakaian Hormone Replacement Therapy (HRT): Systematic Review

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    Menopausal women have a risk of suffering from several diseases due to decreased levels of the hormone estrogen in the body. One effort to reduce this risk is to use Hormone Replacement Therapy (HRT). Objective: To analyzed  the effect of HRT use on postmenopausal women.Methods: This research was a systematic review by searching articles in the PubMed electronic journal with keywords used [“Premenopausal women” OR “Postmenopausal women”, OR “Menopause”] AND  [“Hormone Replacement Therapy” OR “Menopausal Hormone Therapy”] AND [“Increased risk disease” OR “Decreased risk disease”]. Results: There were nine studies analyzed; six studies discussed the use of HRT having a positive effect in reducing the risk of several diseases, and as many as five studies discussed the use of HRT having a negative effect, namely, it could increase the risk of several diseases. The studies discussing the factors that influence the effect of HRT use are one study discussing how to use HRT, three studies discussing the type of HRT used, two studies discussing when to start using HRT, and three studies discussing the duration of using HRT which has a significant relationship to the effect resulting from HRT use. Conclusion: The use of HRT in postmenopausal women has negative and positive effects. This effect can be influenced by how HRT is used, the type of HRT used, when HRT was started, and the duration of using HRT.Keywords:  duration of use, how to use, HRT, type, time to start usin

    Pengaruh Kombinasi Metformin dan Ekstrak Kunyit terhadap Kadar High Density Lipoprotein, Interleukin-6 dan Tumor Necrosis Factor-a

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    A  decrease in high-density lipoprotein (HDL) happens in type 2 diabetes mellitus. The cytokines TNFa and IL-6 are proinflammatory cytokines that are elevated in the blood in many patients with DM. Turmeric is one of the natural ingredients with antioxidant, anti-cholesterol, and anti-inflammatory properties through its active substance, curcumin. Objective: To prove the effectiveness of the combination of metformin and turmeric extract on HDL levels, TNFa levels, and IL-6 levels in Streptozotocin-Nicotinamide-induced Wistar rats. Methods: The study used a post-test-only controlled group design. The subjects were 24 male Wistar rats which were randomly divided into four groups, namely K1, K2, P1, and P2. The whole group was a type 2 DM model induced by streptozotocin-nicotinamide. Group K2 was given metformin 45mg/KgBW/day, group P1 was given turmeric extract at a dose of 200 mg/KgBW/day, and group P2 was given a combination of metformin and turmeric extract. On day 15, blood was drawn for HDL, IL-6, and TNFa examination. The data were analyzed using the one-way Anova test. Results: The mean HDL level in the P2 group (72,4±33,31) was the highest compared to the other three groups. The lowest mean TNFa level among the four groups was the P2 group (7,56±0,44). The lowest mean levels of IL-6 were obtained in the P2 group (58,82±2,15). One-way Anova test on HDL, IL-6, and TNFa levels showed a significant difference between groups with p-value = 0.000. Conclusion: The combination of metformin and turmeric extract can increase HDL levels and reduce IL-6 levels and TNFa levels better than giving metformin or turmeric extract alone.Keywords:  turmeric extract, HDL, IL-6, TNF

    Hubungan antara Rasio Neutrofil Terhadap Limfosit Preterapi dengan Angka Harapan Hidup Pasien Karsinoma Nasofaring di RSUD Abdoel Wahab Sjahranie Tahun 2018

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    Nasopharyngeal carcinoma is a malignancy that originates from the epithelial tissues lining the nasopharynx and is considered one of the most common malignant cancers which cause mortality in Indonesia. Neutrophils and lymphocytes are the first lines to provide body immunity against foreign substances. Neutrophil-to-Lymphocyte Ratio (NLR) is a prognostic factor in various malignancies. Objective: To investigated the correlation between pre-therapy Neutrophil-to-Lymphocyte Ratio (NLR) and survival rate among patients with nasopharyngeal carcinoma at Abdoel Wahab Sjahranie Regional Public Hospital in 2018. Methods: The Neutrophil-to-Lymphocyte Ratio (NLR) data were obtained from outpatient medical records at Abdoel Wahab Sjahranie Regional Public Hospital in 2018. In addition, the data on mortality status were collected based on the information after directly contacting the patients. A purposive sampling technique was used to collect the data. Thirty-three data of patient medical records were obtained and analyzed using Kaplan-Meier survival analysis with a significant p-value of <0.05. Results: The analysis result showed p-value of 0.495. Conclusion: There is no correlation between pre-therapy Neutrophil-to-Lymphocyte Ratio (NLR) and survival rate among patients with nasopharyngeal carcinoma.Keywords:  nasopharyngeal carcinoma, neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio, survival rat

    Mitral Stenosis Berat pada Penyakit Jantung Rematik

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    Rheumatic Heart Disease (RHD) has high morbidity and mortality. Cardiac valve disorders after rheumatic fever are the leading cause of heart failure in children and young adults. A comprehensive understanding of RHD can help early diagnosis and provide optimal management in the future. It has been reported that a 55-year-old man came to the heart clinic of Bhayangkara Hospital Denpasar for routine control of heart disease. The patient has been diagnosed with rheumatic heart disease since 2018. The patient complains of shortness of breath when walking long distances and doing strenuous activities. The patient was diagnosed with CHF FC II ec RHD + MS moderate-severe (Wilkins score 8) + AF NVR (CHA2DS2VASc 3) and treated with heart failure and antiplatelet medication. Mitral stenosis due to RHD produces the typical pathological features seen in Transthoracic echocardiography (TTE), including fibrous thickening and calcification of the valve leaflets, fusion of the commissures, and thickening and shortening of chordae tendineae. Chronic stress overload on the LA due to MS can cause LA dilatation and trigger AF. RHD patients with AF are recommended for anticoagulation for stroke prevention. Patients with acute rheumatic fever clinical features should be evaluated further and given long-term therapy to prevent more severe heart problems.Keywords:  atrial fibrillation, mitral stenosis, rheumatic  heart  diseas

    Hubungan Aktivitas Fisik dengan Ketahanan Kardiorespirasi pada Mahasiswa Program Studi Kedokteran Universitas Mulawarman

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    Cardiorespiratory endurance is the ability of the body's circulatory and respiratory system to meet the oxygen needs of the muscles as a source of energy production during sustained physical activity. One of the factors that influenced the level of cardiorespiratory endurance of a person was physical activity. Objective: To determined the relationship between physical activity and cardiorespiratory endurance. Methods: It was an analytic observational with a cross-sectional study. Data were taken from primary data that were measured directly on 97 students of the Medical Study Program at Mulawarman University who were selected using a purposive sampling technique. The data collected included physical activity using the Global Physical Activity Questionnaire (GPAQ) and cardiorespiratory endurance using Queen's College Step Test. The statistical analysis used was Spearman's correlation test with a significance value of p <0.05. Results: The statistical test showed that the relationship between physical activity and cardiorespiratory endurance was p = 0.003 and r = 0.295. Conclusion: There was a significant positive relationship between physical activity and cardiorespiratory endurance, and the relationship's strength was weak.Keywords:  cardiorespiratory endurance, global physical activity questionnaire, physical activity, queen’s college step tes

    Profil Bakteri Patogen dan Kepekaannya pada Pasien Ventilator Associated Pneumonia dengan Infeksi COVID- 19 di Rumah Sakit UKRIDA¬

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    The use of ventilators during the COVID-19 pandemic has increased the incidence of Ventilator-Associated Pneumonia (VAP). This is accompanied by a trend of antibiotic resistance resulting from irrational use. The emergence of multi-drug resistant (MDR) bacteria during the pandemic presents a challenge due to limited antibiotic options. Objective: To determined the pathogenic bacterial profile and antibiotic susceptibility in Ventilator Associated Pneumonia (VAP) patients with COVID-19 infection. Methods: This is a descriptive cross-sectional study with a retrospective approach using secondary data from the medical records of UKRIDA Hospital patients from January 2021 to August 2021. Results: Most of the study sample had characteristics of being male (71.9%), aged 25-64 years (78.1%), overweight (40.6%), and hypertension (40.6%) as the comorbid. Gram-negative bacteria is the pre-dominated bacteria in this study, with Acinetobacter baumannii, Klebsiella pneumoniae, and Stenotrophomonas maltophilia being the most isolated bacteria. Antibiotics such as colistin still showed good susceptibility to Acinetobacter baumannii and Klebsiella pneumoniae, with 75% and 90% sensitivities, respectively. Antibiotics such as linezolid, tigecycline, and gentamicin-synergy still showed (100%) sensitivity to all Gram-positive bacteria. Conclusion: The discovery of MDR bacteria in patients with VAP and the limited availability of susceptible antibiotics highlights the importance of conducting antibiotic resistance surveillance and infection control, especially in the era of COVID-19.Keywords:  antibiotic susceptibility, bacteria profile, COVID-19, VA

    Pengaruh Pemberian Mesenchymal Stem Cells Wharton's Jelly terhadap Ekspresi Gen Sirtuin 1 pada Tikus Model Alzheimer

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    Mesenchymal Stem Cells Wharton's Jelly (MSC-WJ) has become a new hope for Alzheimer's disease due to its capability to suppress Amyloid-beta (Aβ) plaques formation. It is found that people with Alzheimer's disease have a lower expression of Sirtuin-1 because of the oxidative stress that was produced by Aβ plaques. Objective: To observe the Sirtuin-1 gene in Alzheimer's disease rat models that AlCl3 was inducing after being given MSC-WJ. Methods: This was an experimental study with a post-test-only control group design, including three groups with a total sample of 18 samples of Alzheimer RNA rat models. Group-1without AlCl3 and MSC-WJ; Group-2 with AlCl3; Group-3 AlCl3 and MSC-WJ. Mean value of the Sirtuin-1 gene was obtained by the Image-J application using a semiquantitative method which was then tested using the One Way ANOVA test. The study was significant if the p-value < 0,05. Results: This study found that the mean ± standard error value of the Sirtuin-1 gene in three groups were 0.18±0.04; 0.16±0.03; and 0.36±0.06 respectively. The statistical test showed a significant difference between the three groups (p = 0.014). Conclusion: There was an increased Sirtuin 1 gene expression in Alzheimer’s rat Model after being given Mesenchymal Stem Cells Wharton’s Jelly.Keywords:  Alzheimer, MSC-WJ, Sirtuin-

    Efektivitas Penggunaan Platelet-Rich Plasma (PRP) dalam Proses Penyembuhan Tulang pada Model Hewan Coba: Systematic Review

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    Bone injury causes thus, reduced productivity and death in the sufferer. Alternative treatment research was developed to speed up the bone healing process, including autologous treatments such as Platelet-Rich Plasma (PRP). Objective: To assessed the effectiveness of PRP use in the bone healing process on studies with experimental animal models. Methods: This study was a systematic review research whose article searches through the databases such as PubMed, ScienceDirect and ProQuest on English-language articles published from 2012-2022. The keywords used were ((bone healing OR fracture healing OR bone defect) AND (platelet rich plasma OR prp) AND (animal models)). Results: PRP was effective in accelerating bone regeneration in every experimental animal model in the early phases of healing, but not all studies have significant differences between groups that used PRP and those who did not. Conclusion: PRP has a positive impact in increasing bone mineral density, but the effectiveness of using PRP may vary from study result to study result, depending on the characteristics of the experimental animal model used in the study and the accuracy of concentration in the administration of PRP.Keywords: animal models, bone healing, platelet-rich plasm

    Faktor yang Berhubungan dengan Kecelakaan Kerja pada Pekerja Bengkel Las di Distrik Abepura Kota Jayapura

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    The welding industry is part of the informal sector industry whose work is associated with many hazards and risks that can increase the number of work accidents. With the increasing cases of work accidents, it is necessary to look for the causes or things that influence them so that prevention and mitigation efforts can be carried out. Objective: To determined the factors associated with work accidents among welding workshop workers in the Abepura District, Jayapura City. Methods: This research was conducted in an analytic observational manner with a cross-sectional design. The location of this research was carried out at welding workshops in the Abepura District, totaling 12 workshops. The sample of this research is 41 workers selected by purposive sampling technique. Data were analyzed using univariate and bivariate with a chi-square test. Results: The study showed that there was no relationship between age p = 0.671 (p>0.05) and education p = 1.000 (p>0.05) with the incidence of work accidents among welders. There was a relationship between years of service p = 0.033 (p<0.05), knowledge p=0.001 (p<0.05), and unsafe actions p=0.027 (p<0.05) with occupational accidents in welders. Conclusion: There is a relationship between years of service, knowledge, and unsafe actions with work accidents.Keywords:  welding workshop,  work accidents, worker


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