CosmoGov: Jurnal Ilmu Pemerintahan
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    140 research outputs found

    A PLS-SEM ANALYSIS ON PROVISION OF ADDITIONAL EMPLOYEE INCOME (TPP) TO INCREASE JOB MOTIVATION AND EMPLOYEE PERFORMANCE

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    Additional Employee Income (TPP) is an incentive given to employees in addition to their regular pay that is dependent on their performance for a specific time. Increasing employee income has a significant impact on how well they perform, which is expected to increase their motivation when providing services to organizations or communities. It can also improve the welfare of civil servants working for the regional government, Dharmasraya Regency. Path analysis was used in this study method's quantitative analysis. TPP serves as the independent variable in this study, while motivation serves as the intervening variable and performance serves as the dependent variable. This research used a Likert scale with a measurement range of 1 to 5. Online surveys are used for data collection, and SEM  is used for analysis with SmartPLS 3.0 software tools. Respondents are employees of the Regional Government of Dharmasraya Regency, and the study's stratified random selection approach yielded 379 respondents as samples. Validity tests, reliability tests, and hypothesis tests make up the phases of data analysis. The findings indicated that offering TPP has a large impact on employee performance, as does job motivation, and that TPP itself has a considerable impact on employee performance

    THE AGGREGATION OF GLOBAL OPPORTUNITY: A REFLECTION ON THE IMPLEMENTATION OF COLLABORATIVE GOVERNANCE TO DEVELOP THE CAPACITY OF GIS-BASED-HEALTH PLANNING AND INFORMATION SERVICES IN THE AMBON CITY HEALTH AGENCY

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    This study examines a collaborative governance (CG) program between the Ambon City Health Agency (ACHA) and USAID APIK (Adaptasi Perubahan Iklim) to improve the capacity of the Geographic Information System (GIS) in the ACHA. The research aims to analyze the processes of CG arrangements, fulfill the capacity of GIS application to health staff, discuss outcomes of collaborative actions to improve the quality of health planning and information services and manage the APIK in the health sector in the local context of Ambon city. The qualitative research applies a case study approach and uses an in-depth interview technique to collect primary data from key informants related to the four dynamics stages of the specific CG program in the local context of Ambon. Secondary data was collected from relevant documents. The main findings are that the CG program has successfully built GIS capacity for over 20 health agency staff, improved health planning and budgeting, and enhanced information services, particularly in delivering community health services in Ambon. The program has been appreciated as one of the successful CG programs in Ambon City, optimizing collaborative processes and aggregating global opportunities for local goals with global impacts

    IMPLEMENTING E-PLANNING SYSTEM IN LOCAL GOVERNMENT DECISION-MAKING: A CASE STUDY IN INDONESIA

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    This study aims to evaluate the application of the e-planning system in local government decision-making in Indonesia. The research method used is descriptive with a qualitative approach. The study results show that the e-planning system in Indonesia has been implemented by several sectors, such as government, health, and education, through SIPPD, SIKDA, and PDSPK. Applying the e-planning system in local government decision-making has advantages such as efficiency, effectiveness, and planning, providing transparent information, increasing accountability, facilitating reporting and evaluation, human resources, budget constraints, and unsupportive policies. This research produces recommendations for increasing the implementation of the e-planning system in local government decision-making in Indonesia, such as increasing community participation, training, and education for system users, as well as stronger policy support. In conclusion, implementing an e-planning system can benefit local government decision-making, but it also requires efforts to overcome existing obstacles. This research is expected to contribute to the development of e-planning in Indonesia

    DEFORESTATION POLICY GOVERNANCE IN INDONESIA

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    Deforestation is a threat to national security and a disaster caused by natural and human factors. Natural factors, namely the dry season resulting in forest fires and the human factor which takes over the function of forests to become plantations and illegal logging. This paper uses a literature study with the theory of policy governance. The research method is a qualitative descriptive method. The results of the study show that accountability in the management and protection of forests in Indonesia has not run optimally due to overlapping policies and legal certainty relating to forests or land use in Indonesia is still ambiguous so that law enforcement is weakened and there is a lack of of quality resources in enforcement. Weak participation can also be seen from the policies implemented by the Indonesian government that have not been able to involve the involvement of local communities to avoid or reduce the rate of deforestation that occurs. While in terms of transparency carried out by the Indonesian government, one of which is through the SLVT policy to realize transparent government administration in forest management, which has shown results, although improvement efforts are still being made so that transparency criteria can be met to the fullest

    ‘WHO HAS GOT WHAT’: The political economy of land conflict in local development

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    This paper explores the political economy angels entail in the land conflict between the government and the local people. Land conflict between the government and the local people has been popular phenomenon in Indonesia. In the case of the local government in Indonesia, particularly in the Bandung City development, previous researchers have studied this issue by investigating the conflict either through institutional approach or people perspective.  However, have they failed to investigate the political and economic aspects inherent in the land conflict. This political economy dimension is missing from their studies.  By using the political economy approach proposed by Hughes and Hutchison who understand the material and political dimensions underlying the land conflict, the study contributes to the debate on studies of the land conflict.  The political economy aspect is important in unrevealing the economic and political reasons behind the surface of the conflict. In Investigating the phenomenon, the research uses qualitative method by interviewing the people of Tamansari area, the government officials, and the civil society organization. The research findings suggests that the political economy aspect is useful in understanding and mapping the political economy actors involved. The political economy perspective also contributes to the Bandung City Government in making the local government aware to the interests of the wider community, especially those affected by the conflict

    REFLECTING ON THE ACHIEVEMENTS OF AGRARIAN REFORM AND ITS IMPACT ON THE ECONOMIC SYSTEM TOWARDS GOLDEN INDONESIA 2045: WEST JAVA CASES

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    Land use and land tenure implemented through agrarian reform in the concept of the Land management paradigm are reflected in praxis that improves people's welfare. The welfare of the people achieved is in line with realizing the vision of Golden Indonesia 2045. The current problematic situation is an argumentative discussion on assessing the success of agrarian reform that improves people's welfare towards the Golden Indonesia 2045. This paper explains with a qualitative descriptive method with a critical constructivism paradigm through an ethnographic approach to reflect on agrarian reform in the frame of the economic system. The research was conducted in West Java Province until 2022. The research data comes from primary data from interviews and secondary data from processed various literature sources. The data is analyzed to understand how agrarian reform can be achieved and provide reflections to earn an economic system that has implications for Indonesia's development in 2045. The results showed that agricultural reform carried out primarily in West Java Province and in general in Indonesia had an impact on economic growth/increase in the economic system in line with realizing the vision of Golden Indonesia 2045, even though there were obstacles, namely disputes, conflicts and judicial cases as the residual economic value of the land

    TRADITIONAL MARKET ARRANGEMENT STRATEGY, IN PERSPECTIVE OF SPATIAL POLICY IN INDONESIA

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    In the midst of the development of modern markets, the existence of traditional markets must also be maintained. Traditional markets have various weaknesses that become basic characters that are difficult to change, ranging from spatial factors, slums, parking chaos, and other images that are not good compared to modern markets. Of course, if this weakness is not handled properly, the existence of the traditional market is threatened. There needs to be improvements and arrangements for traditional markets to build clean conditions and provide comfort for consumers and traders. The government's role is to maintain the existence of traditional markets which can be done with various alternative strategies. This study aims to determine the strategy of structuring traditional markets in Pangkah District and to determine the model of structuring the Pangkah market in Tegal Regency in an effort to maintain the existence of traditional markets. This research uses a mix method approach. Data collection techniques using observations, interviews, questionnaires with a Likert scale and literature studies. Data analysis was performed using the SWOT matrix QSPM method to determine alternative strategies. As well as being strengthened again in the depiction of maps using ArcGIS software which aims to see the condition of market activity through satellites. The results obtained showed that the Pangkah market activity was quite dense and obtained a strategy to develop the Pangkah market which aims to increase people's interest in shopping at the Pangkah market

    REGULATORY AMBIGUITY AND ITS IMPLICATIONS FOR THE NEUTRALITY OF THE STATE CIVIL APPARATUS IN THE VORTEX OF PRACTICAL POLITICS

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    Violations of the neutrality of the State Civil Apparatus (ASN) in public spaces in the simultaneous Regional Head Elections (Pilkada) in 2020 became an actual and factual phenomenon. In the Election Insecurity Index (IKP) for the simultaneous regional elections in 2020, violations of ASN neutrality are at the top of the rankings, which occur in 167 districts/cities out of 270 regions that implement them. Regulations to maintain the neutrality of the ASN in the political maelstrom are practically readily available, but explicitly, there are legal loopholes that allow for violations to occur. The study results show that the breach of ASN neutrality in the simultaneous regional elections in 2020 is substantially rooted in the ambiguity of regulations that place regional heads who are, in fact, political officials as executors of coaching and cracking down on violations of ASN neutrality. The implication of the ambiguities of the regulation is the establishment of a negative stigma against the professionalism of ASN as a public official, regional heads as Civil Service Supervisory Officers in the regions do not follow up on recommendations for sanctions from KASN, and the massive violations. Based on the result, regulatory reforms are urged to ensure that the development and enforcement of breaches of ASN neutrality are not controlled by political officials but by career officials

    EVALUATION OF SIMULTANEOUS VILLAGE HEAD ELECTIONS IN KAMPAR DISTRICT, RIAU PROVINCE IN 2021

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    One form of reform in village government in Indonesia is the implementation of simultaneous village head elections in Indonesia following the mandate of Article 31 of Law Number 6 of 2014 concerning Villages, which states that; Village head elections are held simultaneously in all districts/cities. The Regency/City Regional Government stipulates a policy for implementing Village Head elections simultaneously with Regency/City Regional Regulations. One of the regencies in Riau Province that held village head elections simultaneously was Kampar Regency by issuing Kampar Regent Regulation Number 54 of 2019 concerning Simultaneous Village Head Elections. This study aims to find out the results of the simultaneous election of village heads in Kampar Regency in 2021. This research uses qualitative research methods according to the research problem. Data collection techniques using interview techniques, observation, and documentation. The results of the study can be stated that there was a dispute over the election of the village head, the cost of implementing simultaneous village head elections was quite large, and this election made it difficult for the government to carry out supervision

    BETWEEN MILITARY AND ENVIRONMENTAL DEMOCRACY: Looking at The Citarum Military Task Force through The Concept of Environmental Democracy

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    The status of pollution and damage in the Citarum River Basin (DAS) is considered to be critical.  In the effort to accelerate and continue the control of the Citarum River Watershed, there are indications that the government does not involve the community and only relies on the role of the military. This study aims to see where the military and civilian actors fit into the concept of environmental democracy. This study uses a qualitative approach to achieve a comprehensive theoretical analysis of environmental democracy. The results of this study show that the existence of the military role in the Citarum Harum Task Force has yet to be well implemented by the ranks of the Citarum Harum task force. The military’s dominance appears too strong throughout Citarum Harum's activities. There are indications of power imbalance in civil-military relations, which posed threats to civil rights. The involvement of the military dominates almost all aspects of the Citarum watershed policymaking. Therefore, for the sake of democracy, the military role should be reduced to make optimal public participation.

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