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    Webster, Grant

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    Beverley-Stone, Matthew

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    Kazda, Luise

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    Watson, Nikki

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    Subtleties in spatial visualization maneuvers::Insights from numerical solutions

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    This study aimed to identify the role and nature of spatial visualization in the problem solutions of pre-service teachers solving school-mathematics tasks requiring measurement reasoning. The nuances in the pre-service teachers’ strategies were examined for the role of spatial visualization in the solution process. The findings suggest that inadequacies in visualizing the spatial configurations of the tasks led to incorrect numerical solutions despite the presence of conceptual knowledge. Furthermore, the tendency to rely on formula-based approaches appeared to have suppressed the preliminary spatial processing of the configurations. Theoretically, the paper offers insights into the mechanism that may be involved in the solution of spatially-related mathematical tasks. The findings imply that pre-service teachers need to be sufficiently engaged in spatial reasoning activities

    Bringing together the World Health Organization's QualityRights initiative and the World Psychiatric Association's programme on implementing alternatives to coercion in mental healthcare:a common goal for action

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    BACKGROUND: Stakeholders worldwide increasingly acknowledge the need to address coercive practices in mental healthcare. Options have been described and evaluated in several countries, as noted recently in major policy documents from the World Health Organization (WHO) and World Psychiatric Association (WPA). The WHO's QualityRights initiative promotes human rights and quality of care for persons with mental health conditions and psychosocial disabilities. A position statement from the WPA calls for implementation of alternatives to coercion in mental healthcare.AIMS: We describe the engagement of both the WHO and WPA in this work. We discuss their mutual aim to support countries in improving human rights and quality of care, as well as the differences between these two organisations in their stated goals related to coercion in mental healthcare: the WHO's approach to eliminate coercion and the WPA's goal to implement alternatives to coercion.METHOD: We outline and critically analyse the common ground between the two organisations, which endorse a similar range of rights-based approaches to promoting non-coercive practices in service provision, including early intervention in prevention and care and other policy and practice changes.RESULTS: Advocacy and action based on an agreed need to find practical solutions and advances in this area have the power to build consensus and unify key actors.CONCLUSIONS: We conclude that persons with lived experience, families, mental health professionals and policy makers are now coming together in several parts of the world to work toward the common goals of improving quality, promoting human rights and addressing coercion in mental health services.</p

    Labor are the masters of their own demise

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    Labor’s energy policy has recast Labor from the ‘catch-all’ party of Keating to the ‘upset-all’ party of Albanes

    Sangarandeniya, Vindhya

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    Taylor, Clare

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