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    The viability of blockchain in corporate governance

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    Some impossibility results for inference with cluster dependence with large clusters

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    This paper focuses on a setting with observations having a cluster dependence structure and presents two main impossibility results. First, we show that when there is only one large cluster, i.e., the researcher does not have any knowledge on the dependence structure of the observations, it is not possible to consistently discriminate the mean. When within-cluster observations satisfy the uniform central limit theorem, we also show that a sufficient condition for consistent n−−√-discrimination of the mean is that we have at least two large clusters. This result shows some limitations for inference when we lack information on the dependence structure of observations. Our second result provides a necessary and sufficient condition for the cluster structure that the long run variance is consistently estimable. Our result implies that when there is at least one large cluster, the long run variance is not consistently estimable

    Nee raak me niet aan:Een verkenning naar Johannes’ ongelovige Thomas in Bijbel en apocriefen

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    A systematic review of instruments measuring the division of care responsibilities between children with type 1 diabetes and their parents

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    BackgroundThe division of care responsibilities between parents and children with type 1 diabetes, and an optimal transfer of responsibilities from parent to child over time are assumed to be key for optimal diabetes outcomes during childhood and adolescence. However, an overview of instruments assessing this division as well as their psychometric qualities is currently lacking.ObjectiveThe study aims to 1) identify all existing instruments, 2) evaluate their psychometric properties, and 3) provide an overview of scoring methods.MethodsPubmed and PsycINFO were searched using a priori-defined search string. Peerreviewed studies in English using an instrument assessing the division of diabetes care responsibilities between children (6-18 years) and parents were included. In total, 84 of 725 articles qualified, covering 62 unique samples.ResultsThirteen questionnaires were identified. The Diabetes Family Responsibility Questionnaire (DFRQ) was most frequently used across studies. Instructions, content and number of tasks, response options, and scoring methods varied across questionnaires. Recent studies often adapted questionnaires, contributing to the heterogeneity across measures. Overall, reporting and quality of psychometric properties was suboptimal.ConclusionThe division of diabetes care responsibilities can be operationalized with various instruments, each having its strengths and weaknesses but all with limited psychometric support. To measure the division of diabetes care responsibilities more adequately, an updated version of the popular DFRQ or a new scale needs to be developed and evaluated

    Moral Conversion: From Satisfaction to Value

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    Reducing partner risk: The effect of feedback timing and incentives

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    Firms’ partners often face a wide range of risks and may experience detrimental effects when these firms do not meet certain targets. In this study, we examine how timing of feedback about target outcomes and the presence of incentives for managers to meet these targets influence managers’ effort and their partners’ willingness to collaborate. We test our hypotheses in a representative ESG setting using a multi-period investment game with a 2 × 2 design where a collaborating partner only realises a return on her investment if the manager of the firm with whom she contracts meets an ESG norm. The risk of not meeting this norm decreases when managers provide costly effort. While results show no significant effect of feedback timing on managers’ effort in the absence of incentives, providing incentives to the manager may be detrimental for effort provision when target outcomes become available after a short time period. We also find that in the absence of incentives, firms’ partners invest more when outcomes become available after a short time period than after a longer time period. Further, when outcomes become available after a short time period, partners invest less when managers receive incentives compared to when managers receive no incentives

    Contemporary Yoga and Sacred Texts

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