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    Performing Normal: Deafness, intersectionality and academic exhaustion

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    Through auto-ethnography, critical intersectional reflections and some drawing, this chapter attempts to disentangle the conceptual knot of “academic exhaustion,” and the idea of normality that it contains. Reflecting on experiences of deafness in the academy, I also consider how centering being differently-abled in research can allow for more attentive listening

    International trade network and stock market connectedness: Evidence from eleven major economies

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    Depth of cross-country international trade engagement is an important source of (the strength of) stock-market connectedness, depicting how directional attributes of trade determine the magnitude of spillover of stock returns across economies. We premise and test this hypothesis for a group of eleven major economies during 2000 m1-2021 m6 using both system-wide and directional evidence. We exploit the input–output network of Bilgin and Yilmaz (2018) to construct a trade-network, and use Diebold and Yilmaz, 2009, Diebold and Yilmaz, 2012, Diebold and Yilmaz, 2014 Connectedness Index to proxy for stock-market connectedness among economies. We reveal China’s instrumental role in the trade-network and its rising influence in stock markets dominated by the US. Motivated by the fact that shocks on an economy’s imports and exports may lead to different magnitude of stock market spillover to its trade partner, we further carry out a pairwise directional level investigation. Once the directional dimensions of both the trade flows and the stock market influences are considered, we find that an economy’s stock return spillover to its trade partner is generated from its position as an importer and exporter. More importantly, being an importer is found to be a stronger source of such spillover than being an exporter

    An investigation into computational methods for classifying fishing vessels to identify illegal, unreported and unregulated fishing activity

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    Illegal, unreported and unregulated (IUU) fishing undermines collective efforts to create a global model for sustainable fishing. Countering IUU fishing is an urgent priority given world population growth and increasing dependence on oceansourced food. This paper examines deep learning methods for the classification of fishing vessels with the intent to determine illicit fishing operations. This is achieved through supervised learning with highly irregular time series data in the form of signals from the automatic identification system (AIS). To deal with the intermittent frequency of AIS signals, two separate approaches have been followed: feature engineering with zero padding and linear interpolation. Fundamentally, this work suggests there exists a distinct relationship between vessel movement patterns and method of fishing. Two neural network architectures: stacked bidirectional GRUs and 1D CNNs with residual connection blocks, are leveraged on each data pipeline to produce four sets of results. The GRU with feature engineering achieves 95% accuracy despite severe class imbalance in the large datasets. The system can classify a vessel’s fishing method over 24 hours in real-time to monitor behaviour in marine protected areas and detect gear discrepancies, safeguarding fish stocks in the process

    ‘Clean communication’: Felt-sense methodologies and the reflexive researcher in equine-assisted personal development

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    Sociological interest in research with nonhuman animals is growing, but theoretical discussion of the importance of ‘multi-species ethnography’ or ‘embodied empathy’ has not, as yet, yielded many practical, qualitative methods. Taking as its case study the systematic cultivation of ‘the felt sense’ in an equine-assisted personal development site, referred to here as The Forge, this article discusses what role our bodies should play in ethnographic research with nonhuman animals if we wish to approach, in the words of Vinciane Despret. In particular, it explores the potential of the ‘felt sense’, worked through somatic-emotional and attentional practices, for achieving greater researcher reflexivity in the field. Using stories, drawings and videos from the research site, I show that finding ‘clean communication’, a place from where the horse’s active voice can begin to be ‘heard’, requires an embodied, reflexive methodological labour that, following Beth Greenhough and Emma Roe, I describe as ‘experimental partnering’. This understands the horse’s behaviour as phenomenologically co-produced, rather than as an object of study, but nonetheless requires clients to cultivate a critical distance from their emotions and assumptions. I argue that the practical techniques employed have methodological relevance for human–animal relations in the field

    The Digital Transformation of Cultural Practice

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    For many years now ‘digital transformation’ has meant using digital technologies to sell more tickets, engage with audiences and support creative approaches to art form development. However, for a number of cultural organisations and the artists they work with, digital transformation provides space for a politically engaged dialogue with technology and technology companies. This chapter draws on the work of cultural professionals and artists who have engaged with emerging technologies to create provocations that engage patrons, audiences and visitors in the wider debates that exist around these technologies, and their use in society. In many ways this chapter is rooted in the academic traditions of theatre, dance, art, musicology and museum studies, and examines the social impact, the political challenge, and economic reality of cultural practice today. This chapter argues that while social and technological change are not a new concept for cultural organisations, what is new is the depth and reach of these technologies in terms of art form development, data creation, manipulation, and interpretation. It examines how cultural organisations and cultural practitioners can create space for important conversations about power, data and control

    Assembling New Public Management: Actors, networks and projects

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    In this chapter we adopt the analytic of ‘assemblage’ (Anderson & McFarlane 2011) to document how New Public Management (NPM) has been mobilised and recontextualised within different nation states over time through the unique combination of discrete yet tangled and globally diffuse political movements and configurations. To make sense of these issues empirically, we trace multiple iterations of NPM within five countries: Argentina, Australia, England, Italy, and Spain. We focus our attention on the intermediating actors, networks and projects that have crystalised to produce different possibilities for the emergence of NPM within these countries and reflect on their comparable yet uneven development as dynamic expressions of governance assemblages

    Translation, Revolutionary Praxis, and the Enigma of Manuchehr Hezarkhani

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    The life, writings, and example of Iranian intellectual, translator, and political activist, Manuchihr Hezarkhani, who passed away on 18 March 2022, touched the lives of a generation of Iranian students, intellectuals, and militants, including several of twentieth century Iran’s towering literati, including Samad Behrangi, Jalal Al-e Ahmad, and Mostafa Shoʿaiyan. In this article we provide a sketch of his contribution to the intellectual and political life of modern Iran, without evading the stark contradiction between his critical intellect and erudition, steadfast commitment to anti-colonial liberation movements, redoubtable championing of the causes of freedom and democracy before and during the Iranian Revolution of 1978-79, and practical political involvement with the National Resistance Council of Iran (Showra-e melli-e moqavemat-e Iran) as well as his unalloyed and profoundly disconcerting defense of the Organization of the People’s Mojahedin of Iran (Sazman-e mojahedin-e khalq-e Iran), following his exile in Paris in 1981

    A model of time-varying music engagement

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    The current paper offers a model of time-varying music engagement, defined as changes in curiosity, attention and positive valence, as music unfolds over time. First, we present research (including new data) showing that listeners tend to allocate attention to music in a manner that is guided by both features of the music and listeners’ individual differences. Next, we review relevant predictive processing literature before using this body of work to inform our model. In brief, we propose that music engagement, over the course of an extended listening episode, may constitute several cycles of curiosity, attention and positive valence that are interspersed with moments of mind-wandering. Further, we suggest that refocussing on music after an episode of mind-wandering can be due to triggers in the music or, conversely, mental action that occurs when the listener realizes they are mind-wandering. Finally, we argue that factors that modulate both overall levels of engagement and how it changes over time include music complexity, listener background and the listening context. Our paper highlights how music can be used to provide insights into the temporal dynamics of attention and into how curiosity might emerge in everyday contexts

    The nomos of citizenship: migrant rights, law and the possibility of justice

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    Superficially, citizenship appears relatively simple: a legal status denoting political membership. However, critical citizenship studies scholars suggest that citizenship is first and foremost a political practice. When non-citizens, such as irregularised migrants, constitute themselves as citizens through their actions, irrespective of legal status, these practices of citizenship have transformational potential because they are extra-legal. Yet, there is an ambivalence here: rights-claiming migrants tend to frame their key demands within the terms of the law often by calling for the regularisation of their status. This article addresses this ambivalence by adopting a ‘deconstructive method’ to investigate the legal dimensions of citizenship as sites of theoretical and political intervention. It is argued that practices of rights-claiming by irregularised migrants are important to grasp because they mobilise the paradoxes inherent to the fact that universal rights are enshrined in the constitutional texts of modern citizenship in order to generate new legal meanings and horizons of justice. This hypothesis is explored through a series of illustrative examples of rights-claiming taking place within and beyond the formal confines of legal orders. In so doing, the article sets out a novel conceptual framework for analysing how migrants’ claims to justice strategically negotiate citizenship in its legal form

    Moving beyond immanence: artist teacher networking and collaborative arts practice

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    Conditions for art and design practice in schools in the UK are currently notoriously difficult. There is an ongoing scarcity of subject-specific Continued Professional Development (CPD) for teachers (Thomas 2022). Before the austerity era that started in 2010, teachers were often encouraged to go to external moderation sessions, to take a short course in a new skill, or to do a Masters qualification with support from their school (Matthews 2018). In addition, in the 2020s, everyone has had to make adjustments during and since the pandemic. The more long-term effects of the pandemic, such as learning gaps and economic adversity, are still affecting education in the UK and internationally (Moss 2022). Additional challenges have arisen for being an artist teacher, or a student of art and design, in relation to the rapid increase in costs of living, and eco-anxieties in the ‘Earth crisis’ of climate change (McKenzie 2020). Art and design education is in need of adaptive, sustainable strategies. In the context of rapid policy change, artist teachers also need arguments that can act as levers in discussions where the arts are brought to the table for justification. I will argue here that the collaborative networking of artist teachers offers strategies for tackling the immanent contexts for practice. The research presented in this chapter has emerged from a project I began in 2018, to investigate how art and design practitioners respond to educational policy in their practice. I set out to explore how artist teachers make adjustments in their department ethos, in resourcing practice through professional networks, and their individual and collaborative responses in practice. The research of pre-pandemic, pandemic and post-pandemic artist teacher practice informs the structure of the chapter. The research intends to offer ways of contributing theorised, practice centred support for sustaining flourishing artist teacher networks. Artist teachers in the UK can be seen to contribute to a contemporary ‘ethical turn’ in educational philosophies (Marso 2017: 7). This ethical shift encompasses equal cultural opportunities and shared cultural capital, in supportive transactions between practitioners, students and their environments. My research findings indicate that artist teacher ecosystems are co-creating and materially shaping intentions for art and design practice taught in schools. Contributing to this supportive ethical turn, my analysis in this chapter will focus on an artist teacher group that I have connected with in research since 2018; this group is Tower Hamlets Artist Teachers - ‘THAT’

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