Loma Linda University

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    3838 research outputs found

    A Review of a Ketogenic Diet In the Treatment of Autism Spectrum Disorder

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    Autism Spectrum Disorder effects millions of people every year, however pharmacological and behavioral treatments remain limited. The need for adjunctive therapies such as diet invervention [sic] that target autism spectrum disorder symptoms Is [sic] needed now more than ever. A connection between a ketogenic diet, which is high in fat and low in carbohydrates, and autism spectrum disorder can be made as the diet has shown potential in ameleriotating [sic] common comorbidities within the autism spectrum disorder population such as metabolic dysfunction, gut-microbiome dysfunction, medication resistant epilepsy, and various psychiatric disorders. Hence, this review focuses on the results and methods of various animal and human studies that implicate the benefits of a ketogenic diet in the treatment of autism spectrum disorder. The data suggest that implementation of a ketogenic diet improves core and associated psychiatric symptoms of autism spectrum disorder such as repetitive behaviors, social behaviors, communication, anxiety, speech, hyperactivity, and cognition

    Perceived Business Skills Needs of MFTs: Implications for a Doctoral Program

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    The purpose of this study was twofold: a) to determine the training that MFTs should have to effectively work in organizational / business settings and with organizational / business issues in the role of clinician, administrator / manager, consultant, coach, and researcher and b) to determine what components should be included in a model curriculum in the area of organizational / management studies in an MFT doctoral program. Using the e-Delphi method, consensus from a panel of experts (in the profession of marriage and family therapy as well as in business / management / organizational issues) was obtained. Panelists identified thirty-eight business disciplines / topical areas that MFTs should be exposed to, with varying degrees of emphasis. Of these thirty-eight areas, eight were identified as themes that should run across the curriculum. For the remaining thirty areas (of which six were perceived as deserving of being the primary focus of a course) suggestions were made as to learning activities and learning resources. Panelists also provided suggestions pertaining to additional training and the nature of course learning modalities. Using the study results, course syllabi were developed by the researcher for four of the six key areas. Additionally, consistent with the study’s theoretical framework, these thirty-eight areas were organized by the researcher according to Bronfenbrenner’s bioecological system theory of human development

    Non-Pharmacological Interventions for Alzheimer’s Disease Patients

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    Alzheimer’s Disease (AD) research often focuses on the pharmacological treatment and neurological basis of the disease. However, in the absence of disease-modifying treatments, interventions that target symptom reduction may improve quality of life and delay institutionalization. Given the limitations and risks associated with pharmacological AD treatments, this paper reviews non-pharmacological interventions to improve memory function and reduce symptoms of depression in patients with AD including music therapies, Cognitive Rehabilitation, and Bright Light Therapy

    Commencement Program 2023

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    CONTENTS 1 | Message from the President 3 | 2023 Events of Commencement 5 | The Academic Procession 6 | Institutional Administration 7 | Board of Trustees 8 | Significance of Academic Regalia 9 | University History Highlights 11 | Criteria for Institutional Awards 13 | Loma Linda University Health and Loma Linda University Honorees 25 | The Program, The School Honorees, and The Speakers School of Medicine, 26 School of Pharmacy, 52 School of Dentistry, 69 School of Public Health, 93 San Manuel Gateway College, 108 School of Allied Health Professions—Allied Health Studies, Cardiopulmonary Sciences, Clinical Laboratory Science, Communication Sciences and Disorders, Health Informatics and Information Management, Nutrition and Dietetics, Physician Assistant, Radiation Technology, 121 School of Allied Health Professions—Orthotics and Prosthetics, Occupational Therapy, Physical Therapy, 151 School of Behavioral Health and School of Religion, 175 School of Nursing I (Graduates having finished in the following quarters: Summer 2022, Autumn 2022, and Winter 2023), 194 School of Nursing II (Spring Quarter 2023 Graduates), 196https://scholarsrepository.llu.edu/commencement-programs/1080/thumbnail.jp

    Project SOARing: Feasibility of a Tier 2 DBT-Based Program

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    Adolescents living in poverty are more likely to experience intense and/or multiple stressors during childhood (Evans & Kim, 2012). These increases in stress levels can lead to patterns of pervasive emotion dysregulation which, in turn, can affect academic achievement (Ivcevic & Brackett, 2014). Dialectical Behavior Therapy (DBT) is a promising intervention that can target emotion dysregulation and other symptomatology in adolescents (Miller et al., 2006). Although DBT has gained traction in the treatment of adolescent suicide and self-harm (Glenn et al., 2019), it has yet to be tested as an early intervention in a school-based setting (Fasulo et al., 2015; MacPherson et al., 2012). The purpose of this study is to examine the preliminary feasibility of a tier 2 DBT skills group intervention for adolescents in a school-based context. It was anticipated that adolescents receiving the DBT-based intervention would experience an overall positive opinion of group sessions for each session. We used post-session survey evaluation forms to track youth feedback about the intervention. We also hypothesized that the DBT-based intervention would have a positive impact on youth, measured by reduced scores on the Youth Outcomes Questionnaire – Self Report (YOQ-SR). Group sessions were rated positively overall (M = 3.28 out of 4) and preliminary effectiveness yielded a drop in scores but was nonsignificant. Project SOARing revealed promising, preliminary results that warrant further investigation

    Seventy Years of Commitment to Dental Progress

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    Seventy years of dental progress at Loma Linda University, School of Dentistry, 1953-2023. 3 | Dedication to Dr. Melvin Lund4 | Introduction6 | Reducing Pain and Anxiety9 | What is Dental Caries?10 | Restoring Teeth - Innovative Methods & Materials12 | Replacing Missing Teeth - Dental Implants14 | Periodontics - The Loma Linda Group15 | Orthodontics - Innovative Use of Computer Tomography16 | Biocentric Cements - A Major Endodontic Innovation17 | Advances in Oral & Maxillofacial Surgery17 | The Role of Pediatric Dentistry in Orofacial Clefts18 | Progress in LLUSD Dental Research20 | Conclusion21 | Participating Authors21 | Selected Referenceshttps://scholarsrepository.llu.edu/articulator/1022/thumbnail.jp

    Depression as a Mediator between Combat Deployment and Substance Use among Veterans

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    Individuals who deploy to combat zones often develop increased rates of substance use problems, which may be due to self-medication for depressive symptoms. This study used logistic simple mediation analyses with bootstrapping to test whether depression mediates the relationship between combat zone experience and substance dependence or abuse (alcohol, nicotine, marijuana, opioids, other illicit drugs, and concurrent substance misuse) among military veterans via secondary data analysis of the 2013 to 2018 National Survey on Drug Use and Health (NSDUH; N = 14,121; 87.9% male; 54.4% age 50+; 75.2% white; 34.5% with combat zone experience). Analysis revealed that depression was only a significant mediator of the relationship between combat zone experience and alcohol dependence or abuse (OR = 1.020, 95% CI [1.002, 1.054], p \u3c .05). Among the individual effects tested, the effect of combat zone experience on depression was only significant for alcohol (b = .167, 95% CI [.008, .326], p \u3c .05), the effect of depression on substance dependence or abuse was significant for all substance categories except marijuana (ORs = 1.125 to 1.473, ps \u3c .05), and the direct effect of combat zone experience on all substance dependence or abuse categories was not significant, ps \u3e .05. Clinicians may consider screening for depression in all veterans, as well as screening for and emphasizing substance use prevention measures in those showing signs of depression. Our results also suggest the importance of combining treatments for depression and alcohol to improve treatment outcomes among veterans, regardless of combat zone experience

    Alumni Journal - Volume 94, Number 3

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    Editorials 2 | From the Editor4 | From the President6 | From the Dean News 8 | Alumni News10 | This & That12 | APC 2024 Preview14 | School of Medicine News16 | Students18 | AIMS Report: BARAKA: Hope and Healing for Sudanese Refugees20 | Department Report: Pathology & Human Anatomy Features 14 | Women in Medicine: Stories of Experience, Contributions, and Accomplishments26 | Women in Medicine: A Conversation32 | Early Hightory of Women in Medicine at LLU34 | One Doctor\u27s Story of Teaching and Healing in Angola38 | Alumni Trips 2023: Featuring the Galápagos Cruise42 | Alumni Gatherings 202344 | Historical Snapshot46 | Alumni Spotlight Featuring Julie A. Abbott League \u2776-A48 | Life After Medicine In Memoriam 50 | Alumni Remembered Featured Obituary: Jeffrey D. Cao \u2771https://scholarsrepository.llu.edu/sm-alumni-journal/1040/thumbnail.jp

    Prescription Drug Misuse in Racial and Ethnic Minorities: Prevalence and Predictors

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    The United States (U.S.) is currently facing a complex epidemic of prescription drug misuse (PDM). Previous literature lacks information on the prevalence of PDM in racial and ethnic minorities (REM) and associated precipitating variables. The current review aims to build upon the limited research regarding REM engagement in PDM and the associated variables. This examination identified and summarized: 1) contemporary research on the prevalence of PDM in REM, 2) major variables associated with PDM in this subpopulation, and 3) current evidence-based treatments for PDM. The review revealed mixed results related to the prevalence of PDM in REM. Previous research believed the PDM epidemic to be dominated by White individuals, more recent research supports increased instances of PDM among REM. Recent national surveys found REM PDM to be increased and, in some instances, equal to- or higher than White individuals PDM. Major predictors related to PDM include residential instability, rural living, and perceived discrimination. REMs are also exposed to increased substance use health disparities and are at risk of experiencing negative PDM outcomes. Attitudes related to PDM were found to be positive or neutral. The relationship between exposure to PDM media and attitudes needs further research as PDM exposure continues to increase in media. Across PDM treatment, Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (CBT) was found to be the most common treatment. Involvement of REM in PDM research highlights the continued importance of increased inclusion of REM individuals within PDM research, examination of relevant psychosocial variables, and further assessment of treatment efficacy for REMs

    Religion and PTSD in Puerto Rico Natural Disaster Survivors

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    Religious coping can influence recovery from natural disaster trauma. Participants were recruited from a religiously sponsored university in Puerto Rico, affected by several natural disasters between 2017 and 2020, using an online survey. A significant relationship was found between negative religious coping and changes in mood and cognition, mediated by the effect of worthiness of self. Results indicate that negative religious coping may adversely influence an individual’s view of self and increase PTSD-related changes in mood and cognition. If clinicians only examine a client’s view of self, they may miss the influence of negative religious coping


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