University of St. Thomas, Minnesota

    Working on the Farm : Hemingway’s Work Ethic in \u3cem\u3eThe Sun Also Rises\u3c/em\u3e

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    Contends that reducing the novel to a satire about the Lost Generation obscures its promulgation of the protestant work ethic. Drawing on Hemingway’s personal letters as well as the vignettes of In Our Time, Henn demonstrates Hemingway’s regard for hard work. Concludes that Jake Barnes emerges as the novel’s protagonist by virtue of his traditional American work ethic, which stands in contrast to the entertainment-oriented and gluttonous attitudes of his expatriate comrades

    Pastoral Regression in Hemingway and Faulkner

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    Close reading of the landscape imagery of “Big Two-Hearted River,” asserting that Nick Adams’s interactions with rural Michigan reveal Hemingway’s attempt to reconcile the world of autonomous women with a docile feminine landscape. Goes on to argue that Hemingway’s male characters’ efforts to control and dominate nature reflect a deep-seated preference for traditional masculine values, which is ultimately detrimental to both characters and the author himself

    Santiago, Scheherazade, and Somebody: Storytelling from Hemingway to Barth

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    Reads The Old Man and the Sea as a modernist experiment bridging the gap between modernism and postmodernism. Suggests Scheherazade’s fifth tale of Sinbad from The Thousand Nights and One Night as source for the novel, noting numerous similarities including the title. Closes with a discussion of John Barth’s use of the travels of Sinbad in his novel The Last Voyage of Somebody the Sailor (1991) but argues that while the general reader need not be aware of the source when reading The Old Man and the Sea, knowledge of the voyages of Sinbad is essential when reading Barth’s version because he retells and interprets the original tale

    Hemingway’s Francis Macomber in God’s Country

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    Previously published in Journal of Jungian Scholarly Studies 9, no. 5 (2014):

    Hemingway’s Requiem for Battlefields: Atomic Jokes after Hiroshima/Nagasaki in \u3cem\u3eAcross the River and into the Trees\u3c/em\u3e

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    Draws on Freud’s theory of humor and Hemingway’s casual references to atomic bombs in the novel and elsewhere to trace the author’s evolving attitude toward warfare following the bombing of Hiroshima and Nagasaki. Yanagisawa posits that Hemingway’s change in writing style and comic stance found in his cold war novel reflects his recognition of the worthlessness of the battlefield with its shift away from inhumanity to global a-humanity in the atomic age

    The Pretty Lost Generation in Hemingway’s \u3cem\u3eThe Sun Also Rises\u3c/em\u3e

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    Unpacks the significance of Jake and Brett’s final pretty conversation in light of the isolation and disassociation experienced by members of the Lost Generation

    The Next Stage of Health Care Reform: Controlling Costs by Paying Health Plans Based on Health Outcomes

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    The predominant form of paying for health care in the United States, the Fee-for-Service system, creates inefficient incentives and has led to rising costs of health care. Scholars have suggested a number of alternative payment systems to correct these inefficiencies. Many of these suggestions were incorporated into the landmark health care reform legislation package of 2010 (Obamacare). However, because they rely on inefficient metrics of quality measurement, these proposals and the legislation itself will be insufficient to stop rising health care costs. Instead, this article presents a specific proposal for using health outcomes to calculate risk-adjusted payments to health care providers. Use of this metric would properly align incentives of health care providers with the objectives of improving quality of life. Implementation of this metric should be limited initially to large health insurance plans. Doing so enables these plans to create tailored incentives for their participating providers. This payment scheme can be adopted as part of Medicare Advantage, in which Medicare beneficiaries select a private health insurance plan for their coverage. While Obamacare does not sufficiently slow the rise of health care costs, these changes will lead to a health care system with both high quality and manageable costs

    Cantor Fitzgerald and September 11

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    On September 11, 2001, Cantor Fitzgerald, a New York-based bond brokerage firm with offices in the World Trade Center, lost 658 of 960 New York employees. This teaching case study provides information to support analysis of decisions required by firm management in the aftermath of an unprecedented and unimaginable tragedy. The case also provides an opportunity to consider what is just compensation for victims of such a tragedy in the context of a global economy rife with inequality, and what is the importance of meaningful work

    Wow - They Are Having Lunch Together: A Grounded Theory Exploration of High Quality Relationships between Coworkers of Different Racioethnic Backgrounds

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    As organizations move from diversity initiatives that solely strive to increase the racial or ethnic mix of individuals in the workplace to strategies of inclusion and cultural competence, building interpersonal coworker relationships across difference can help build inclusion. This study explores high quality coworker relationships (HQCR) across racial and/or ethnic differences. Using grounded theory research methodology, 27 participants were interviewed to explore the research question: What contributes to forming and sustaining a high quality relationship between coworkers of different racioethnic backgrounds? A HQCR was defined by participants as 1) Mutual, 2) Knowing the whole person, 3) Working through disagreement, 4) Being fun/pleasurable, 5) Working together seamlessly, and 6) Helping to build other relationships. A variety of organizational factors and personal factors that helped form the relationship emerged. Eleven specific forming factors emerged, the last three appearing specific to relationships across racioethnic difference: 1) Displaying/receiving inclusive behaviors, 2) Connecting on common interests, 3) Participating in something significant together, 4) Sharing on a professional and personal level, 5) Developing empathy, 6) Establishing trust, 7) Communicating effectively, and 8) Showing interest in person‘s success, 9) Using intuition as a guide, 10) Assessing behaviors over time, and 11) Displaying genuine interest in difference. Seven turning points that helped grow the relationship emerged, with the last one appearing specific across racioethnic difference. These turning points were: 1) Sharing deeper personal information, 2) Pushing for growth, 3) Having a crucial conversation, 4) Reaching mutuality, 5) Growing more self aware, 6) Sharing a work success, and 7) Talking specifically about the racial and/or ethnic difference between them, either directly or indirectly. Finally nine sustaining factors, the last two appearing specific across racioethnic difference, were: 1) Making time to interact, 2) Showing appreciation for insights, 3) Welcoming to other groups, 4) Serving as confidant 5) Maintaining open and honest communication, 6) Sharing organizational information, and 7) Serving as a place of rest and enjoyment, 8) Embracing each other‘s differences and 9) Letting the guard down. These factors are depicted in a theoretical model. The study adds insights on diversity, inclusion and cultural competence strategies within organizations
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