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    22006 research outputs found

    Post-holiday memory work: Everyday encounters with fridge magnets

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    While souvenirs have generated considerable interest within tourism research, less attention has been paid to their post-holiday ‘afterlife’. Utilising perspectives from memory research and more-than-representational theory, this paper focuses on interactions with a ubiquitous souvenir: the fridge magnet. Drawing on semi-structured interviews we illustrate how, because of their embeddedness within everyday domestic rhythms, magnets are active agents in the stimulation of post-holiday memory work. We show how magnets work to generate and protect memories, triggering a diversity of (usually positive) emotional and affective responses. They can also be associated with ambivalent memories; with their role sometimes being more about forgetting. Although being seemingly banal objects, fridge magnets have a complex capacity to affect everyday life long after a holiday ends

    Arboreal obliquity or trees doing the human in Murray Bail's Eucalyptus

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    Tapping into Australian writing on arboreality, with a focus on Murray Bail’s Eucalyptus (1998), this investigation intervenes in Critical Plant Studies by exploring a dendrographic alternative to both extrinsic and intrinsic plant language and representation. The aim is to remediate the “doing of trees” one finds at work in approaches ranging from botanical taxonomy to literary arborealism. Set on breaking nature’s silence, the urge in much arboreal writing has been to get trees to speak. By contrast, Bail’s trees are stumm; there is no direct human/arboreal rapport. Instead, Eucalyptus is driven by what I term arboreal obliquity, a mode of narration that allows the trees to articulate their arboreality by “doing the human” without relying on human ventriloquy. At the same time as Bail portrays his eucalypts as resolutely aloof, he shows all human life in his novel to depend for its impetus in one way or another on the trees. Arboreal obliquity installs a lens that casts a distinctively arboreal light, instantiating Patrícia Vieira’s phytographia which implies that plants compose and sustain, and thus write, the human lifeworld. Arboreal obliquity is invested in a radical decentering of the human, away from eco-materialist notions of human/nonhuman parity, enmeshment and interdependence

    Adapting psychological interventions for people with severe and profound intellectual disabilities: a behavioural activation exemplar

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    Background: People with severe to profound intellectual disabilities experience similar or higher levels of depression than those with more mild intellectual disabilities. Yet, there is an absence of evidence about how to adapt existing psychological therapies for this population. Method: A behavioural activation intervention (BeatIt) for people with mild to moderate intellectual disabilities was adapted for people with severe to profound intellectual disabilities and depression. Key considerations include: (i) beginning with a more in-depth assessment process; (ii) including the person in session activities and developing a relationship with them; (iii) formulation and the use of film to document the link between activity and mood; and (iv) addressing barriers to change at an individual and inter-personal level and considering how the carer could support the person's engagement in activity. Results: Successfully adapting BeatIt represents a first step towards gathering evidence about the effectiveness of behavioural activation for people with severe to profound intellectual disabilities

    The entanglement of language and place in early childhood: a review of the literature

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    In this paper, the authors report the findings of a narrative review of extant international research literature to propose a conceptual model for how young children’s language is entangled with place. Educational policy, curriculum documents, and speech and language therapy assessments in England tend to frame children as placeless and treat the place where language happens as either irrelevant or a hindrance to the quality of their speech. Conducting a narrative review, with a particular attention to the role of affect in what they read, the authors identify and explore three emerging themes in the extant literature that resist this framing: (1) how children’s language emerges through place, (2) how place is re-signified and re-made through children’s language, and (3) how place reconfigures how children are heard. Across these themes, we consider how place implicates identity, power, and hierarchies of language and embodiment. The authors argue that educators, researchers, and others need to attend more carefully to how children’s language emerges where they talk, and to the politics of how language and place reproduce whiteness in relation to what is valued and what counts as language

    Tiered vocabulary and raciolinguistic discourses of deficit: from academic scholarship to education policy

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    Tiered vocabulary is a pervasive concept in academic scholarship, education policy, and schools. It involves placing individual words into hierarchically arranged tiers, based on their apparent simplicity, sophistication, utility, and complexity, with these categorisations used to determine which words carry value in the classroom. In this article I conduct a genealogy of tiered vocabulary and argue that it is a raciolinguistic ideology which frames the language practices of racialised and working-class children as deficient and requiring modification. I trace the ideological roots of tiered vocabulary to European colonial representations of the purportedly limited vocabulary of Black African communities. I then examine how tiered vocabulary emerged as a concept in 1980s US academic knowledge production, based on experiments led by white academics on predominantly Black children from low-income homes. I show how tiered vocabulary is descendant from deficit, anti-Black thinking which characterised mainstream educational linguistics in the 1960s. I then focus on how it has become normalised in England’s education policy in the 2020s, as part of a flawed theory of change which deems that the acquisition of academic language is a tool for enabling social justice. Ultimately, I show how tiered vocabulary is a flawed theory of language which ties together race and class in producing discourses of linguistic deficiency, and legitimises language policing which undermines the education of marginalised children

    Reconsidering children’s experiences of the conflict in Northern Ireland

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    Self-limiting growth of thin dense LTA membranes boosts H2 gas separation performance

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    The preparation of dense LTA-type zeolite membranes with a thickness in the sub-micron range remains extremely difficult due to their high electronegativity. Herein, thin dense LTA membranes were prepared through the secondary growth of nano LTA seeds in a highly reactive gel. The uniformity of the nano seed layer contributed to the growth of continuous membranes. The self-limiting growth of the zeolite membrane layer was controlled by the synergistic effect of using a highly reactive gel and nano seeds, and resulted in the preparation of thin membranes. Optimized aging times of the gel further enhanced the packing density of the membranes via an efficient intergrowth of the zeolite crystals. This is the first time to obtain single-phase LTA membranes with a thickness of less than 1 μm. The ∼ 470 nm-thick membrane exhibited a H2 permeance of 1.5 × 10-6 mol m−2 s−1 Pa−1, which is tenfold higher than results for literature-reported membranes, a H2/CO2 selectivity of 20.9, and a H2/CH4 selectivity of 17.3. The approach presented offers an alternative pathway for the preparation of thin zeolite membranes with superior permeability and selectivity in gas separation applications

    The UNCAC Resolution on Reporting Persons: recognizing progress and discussing paths for enhancement

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    The article discusses the resolution adopted by the 10th Conference of the States Parties (CoSP) to the United Nations Convention against Corruption (UNCAC), which focuses on the protection of reporting persons. Given the secretive nature of corruption, especially when it involves influential individuals or authorities, exposing and holding wrongdoers accountable becomes a challenging task. In this context, the article highlights the crucial role played by whistleblowers, journalists, and leakers in uncovering corrupt practices and emphasizes the necessity of safeguarding them from retaliation. It delves into the recent resolution CAC/COSP/2023/L.12/Rev.1 within the framework of the UNCAC, recognizing it as a significant step forward. However, it also conducts a critical analysis, highlighting the shortcomings present in the CoSP’s document when compared to more robust legal instruments such as the EU Whistleblower Directive and other best practices. It also emphasizes how the CoSP's interpretation of "good faith" in whistleblower reports, which is clearly detached from the motivation behind the disclosure, represents the most innovative and significant element included in the resolution

    Policing the pandemic: exploring public perceptions of the enforcement of COVID-19 restrictions in the United Kingdom

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    Traditional UK policing relies on Peelian principles of policing by consent in which public views of police legitimacy are crucial. This study used a mixed methods survey design to explore the impact of the Coronavirus Act 2020 on public perceptions towards the police in one UK force region. The findings indicate that self-reported compliance with COVID-19 measures was significantly related to trust in local policing. Qualitative responses indicate that police enforcement of Covid regulations was believed to infringe on individual liberties while losing focus on ‘real crime’ and decreasing trust in police

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