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Cleveland-Marshall College of Law
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    21125 research outputs found

    Black-White Differences on IQ and Grades: The Mediating Role of Elementary Cognitive Tasks

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    The relationship between IQ scores and elementary cognitive task (ECT) performance is well established, with variance on each largely reflecting the general factor of intelligence, or g. Also ubiquitous are Black-White mean differences on IQ and measures of academic success, like grade point average (GPA). Given C. Spearman\u27s (Spearman, C. (1927). The Abilities of Man. New York: Macmillan) hypothesis that group differences vary directly with a test\u27s g loading, we explored whether ECT performance could mediate Black-White IQ and GPA differences. Undergraduates (139 White and 40 Black) completed the Wonderlic Personnel Test, followed by inspection time and choice reaction time ECTs. Despite restriction of range, ECT performance completely mediated Black-White differences on IQ (d=0.45). Group differences on GPA (d=0.73), however, were larger and ECT performance did not mediate them. We discuss findings in light of Spearman\u27s hypothesis

    The Sellout by Paul Beatty: Unmitigated Blackness in Obama\u27s America

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    Visibility and invisibility are long-standing tropes in the African-American literary tradition. Frequently they are presented in satiric language. I argue that Paul Beatty\u27s Mann Booker Award-winning novel The Sellout now holds an important role in this tradition. Specifically, The Sellout hearkens specifically to Ralph Ellison\u27s Invisible Man and to Paul Beatty\u27s earlier novel The White Boy Shuffle. Further, The Sellout exposes the ongoing presence and function of racism in an America that has elected its first African-American president, Barack Obama, and that now claims to be post-racial, even as its spectral reproduction and commodification of blackness persist. By analyzing the four primary male characters, I show that the novel concludes that America is not yet ready for true multicultural heterogeneity because neither white America nor black America has truly reconciled itself with America\u27s historical and continuing racism, and I show that the novel\u27s solution is an anti-racist philosophy of Unmitigated Blackness

    Getting Ready to Clerk Guide

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    State\u27s Objections to Discovery and Motion for Protective Order

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    The State of Ohio\u27s objection to turning over the depositions of assistant prosecutors David Zimmerman and Carmen Marino. The State claims that these depositions constitute privileged attorney work product. Overruled as moot pursuant to plaintiff\u27s withdrawal of the motion 9/9/99; see docke

    Defendant\u27s Brief in Opposition to Plaintiff\u27s Motion to Exclude Testimony from 1954 Coroner\u27s Inquest

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    The State of Ohio asserted that testimony from the 1954 coroner\u27s inquest should not be excluded because the coroner\u27s inquest was carried out properly under Ohio law. Sam Sheppard\u27s Fifth and Sixth Amendment rights would not be violated by admitting this evidence, nor would his right to due process. Additionally, coroner records are admissible as public records. See order ruling on this motion

    Memorandum Opinion Regarding Admission of Expert Testimony of Mr. James Wentzel and Dr. Owen Lovejoy

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    Memorandum opinion in response to the State’s request that James Wentzel be permitted to testify as to the following conclusions about the crime scene photographs and experimentations: 1. Autopsy photos of Richard Eberling and Marilyn Sheppard are not suitable for reliable skin print analysis. 2. Numerous blood stains can be located... on various items... believed to be in the home at the time of [Marilyn’s] death. 3. Blood stains on Dr. Sheppard’s watch are consistent with high velocity bloodstains, which would entail being close to a blood source at the time of Marilyn’s death. 4. The bloodstains on the pillow were from a bloody object--not a flashlight or smooth instrument--that was placed there at least an hour after Marilyn’s death. The court permitted Wentzel to testify about numbers 1 and 2, but not 3 and 4. The State also requested that Dr. Owen Lovejoy be permitted to testify about his experiments by striking a replication of Marilyn Sheppard’s skull with different instruments, including a flashlight. The court permitted Dr. Lovejoy to discuss his experiments, but not the typical use of a “vintage flashlight” in the 1950s

    State\u27s Memorandum in Support of Limiting Testimony of Dr. Michael Sobel

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    This memorandum was submitted in support of the State’s motion to limit the testimony of Michael N. Sobel. The State expected Dr. Sobel to testify about the scar on Richard Eberling’s wrist. The State argued that Dr. Sobel, a forensic odontology expert, was not qualified to make conclusions about weapon/wounds after “exclud[ing] the existence of a bite mark” under Rule 702 of the Ohio Rules of Evidence. According to the State, an expert cannot be permitted to testify as an expert beyond his scope of expertise pursuant to Rule 104 of the Ohio Rules of Evidence. In his deposition, Dr. Sobel testified that a mark on Richard Eberling’s forearm was caused by Marilyn Sheppard’s fingernail. The State argued that this testimony is beyond the scope of his expertise because Dr. Sobel attended dental school, and is not qualified to give opinion testimony of skin marks and wounds

    Remix Cleveland- The Cleveland Music Sector and Its Economic Impact - Executive Summary

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    This study was commissioned by the Community Partnership for Arts and Culture (CPAC)as a starting point for gaining a deeper understanding of the different sectors of the Cleveland arts scene in Cuyahoga county. Its objective is to understand the Cleveland Music Sector, delineate its components, learn its dynamics, and assess the economic impact of music events and venues in Cuyahoga county

    The Euclid Heights Allotment: A Palimpsest of the Nineteenth Century Search for Real Estate Value in Cleveland\u27s East End

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    The Euclid Heights Allotment was a late nineteenth century predecessor to the Van Sweringen brothers\u27 Shaker Heights development, anticipating many of the themes of its more famous successor. Located on the heights overlooking Case Western Reserve University, Euclid Heights was the first elite subdivision to marry new electric streetcar technology with the romantic appeal of Cleveland\u27s heights and provide a sheltered, restricted residential community for the wealthy citizens gradually moving out Euclid Avenue to the University Circle area. This allotment, in its various phases, was not the first use of the site, either for land speculation or allotments. Borrowing the notion of a palimpsest, this paper examines the various attempts to create real estate value, ending with the Euclid Heights Allotment, and their relationship to the wider economy of Cleveland and Doan\u27s Corners and to the spreading urban infrastructure of utilities, parks and transportation

    Motion in Limine to Exclude Expert Testimony of Gregg McCrary

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    The Estate of Sam Sheppard moved to exclude the testimony of Gregg McCrary from trial. McCrary was a retired FBI investigator whom the State anticipated would provide an opinion supporting its contention that Sam Sheppard murdered Marilyn. The motion attacks the former agent’s credentials by asserting that he is not an expert in any relevant field. It also argues that the methods McCrary used to draw his opinions on the case are not reliable. See order denying this motio


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