Dominican Scholar

    All the Comforts of Home

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    Musical Valence

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    Musical chords serve as the standalone summaries of the harmonic relationships of key signatures composer use to induce certain emotions in pieces. (Patel, 2003) Recent research supports ideas first defined by Helmholtz (1950) that acoustic sensory congruence contains causal links to emotion. Specifically, that major chords are constructed from aligned and balanced harmonies and thus, evokes positive emotional perception. Whereas minor chords are imbalanced and result in harmonic dissonance, evoking negative connotations of perceived emotions. (Juslin & Västfjäll, 2008). To test this relationship, this study attempted to analyze the responses recorded from a positive and negative affect survey immediately after listening to two songs, one composed of major chords and the other of minor chords, and observing whether the chord structure of a song can induce “happy” or “sad” emotions based on the answers given on the affect survey. To address this connection, this study enlisted the aid of 60 participants from Psychology courses at Dominican University of California and willing participants from social media to participate in the study. Participants will be sent an email detailing the instructions of the entire procedure. The email will include a link to the two songs and a link to the survey to be completed after listening to the music. The results revealed that participants were more likely to score on the appropriate side of the affect survey upon listening to music that was intended to evoke specific emotions. Furthermore, when prompted to feel a certain emotion, participants were more likely to score on the affect survey reflecting that the intended emotion was felt. The implications of this research allow for a better understanding of emotional affect in regards to music and how it can effect a person\u27s emotional state

    Glycosylation of cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) influences the migratory and invasive potential of cells

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    Prostaglandins are bioactive lipids involved in many physiological functions such as maintenance of the cardiovascular, immune, renal, and central nervous systems. They also play a role in certain diseases like arthritis, cancer, and Alzheimer’s. Cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) is the enzyme that catalyzes the initial rate-limiting step in the pathway that converts arachidonic acid to prostaglandins. COX-2 exists as two glycoforms with the molecular weights of 72 and 74 kDa, the latter resulting from the addition of a high mannose chain to the Asn580 residue ~50% of the time. The over-expression of COX-2 is believed to be linked to cancer progression and specifically appears to promote the metastatic phenotype. The objective of this study is to determine the effect of the variable glycosylation of COX-2 at Asn580 on the migratory and invasive potential of cells. COS-1 cells and the breast cancer cell line MCF7 were first transfected with either the wild type or Asn580-mutant human COX-2 gene. Boyden chambers were used to determine the ability of transfected cells to migrate through the membrane, approximately 5x104 cells were plated onto the chambers, and cells were incubated for 16-18 h. Cells were then fixed, stained, visualized and counted. In a previous study, our lab showed that COS-1 cells transfected with the Asn580-mutant COX-2 gene migrated faster through the membrane. In this current study, COS-1 cells transfected with the Asn580-mutant COX-2 gene also had a greater invasive potential; however, MCF7 cells transfected with the wild-type human COX-2 gene migrated faster and also had a greater tendency to invade. The results indicate that the ability of this additional or the lack of glycosylation of COX-2 at Asn580 to either enhance or inhibit the migratory and invasive potential of cells depends greatly on cell type. To confirm this, future studies will be carried out to determine the effect of COX-2 glycosylation on the invasive and the migratory potential of PC-3 and T-47D cancer cell lines.https://scholar.dominican.edu/natural-sciences-and-mathematics-faculty-research-posters/1000/thumbnail.jp

    ANOMALIES ZERO and BRIGHTWOOD (Two Screenplays)

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    ANOMALIES ZERO SYNOPSIS : In a world of designer babies, one infant, preordained to become an ultramarathon champion, wins race after race. His rival, a “natural” whose genes have traversed down through generations of ancient tribesmen, faces him head to head in a world-wide competition run by giant corporations. But it all comes down to strength, endurance and most of all, determination. BRIGHTWOOD SYNOPSIS : In a world attacked by a resistant strain of the Bubonic Plague, a physician and infectious disease specialist, Dr. Melissa Grant, must travel back in time to retrieve the DNA marker for immunity during The Great Visitation in London, 1665; her ultimate destination a small village, self-quarantined, just outside of London, known as Brightwood

    Practicing Leadership Skills through Peer Mentoring and Teaching: the Lived Experience of BSN Students

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    Although leadership theory is introduced in baccalaureate nursing curriculum, opportunities to practice and develop leadership skills are limited for undergraduate nursing students. This study explores the experience of advanced nursing students who provided mentoring and tutoring to beginning nursing students. The experiences they describe are interpreted in light of literature on leadership education in undergraduate nursing schools, as well as that of peer mentoring and peer teaching. These advanced students described opportunities to practice and reflect on leadership skills and attributes. Peer mentoring and peer teaching programs may be an effective and efficient way of helping nursing students gain leadership skills and experience

    Dominican announces ILS Fall Lecture Series lineup

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    International feminist icon Gloria Steinem, ABC’s Nightline anchor Ted Koppel, French celebrity chef Jacques Pépin, bestselling author Isabel Allende, evolutionary biologist Richard Dawkins, and Rock and Roll Hall of Fame musician Patti Smith comprise the line-up for the 12th season of the Institute for Leadership Studies’ Fall Leadership Lecture Series at Dominican University of California in San Rafae

    Into the Abyss: Self-Destruction and Rebirth in Moshfegh’s My Year of Rest and Relaxation and Kang’s The Vegetarian

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    This paper examines the use of the body as a “direct locus of social control”, reclaimed by female protagonists through radical behaviors, employed as acts of social rebellion and resistance in two contemporary works of fiction: Han Kang’s The Vegetarian and Ottessa Moshfegh’s My Year of Rest and Relaxation. The self-elected methods adopted by these women aim towards self-destruction, through both the socially constructed (intelligible/symbolic) and material female body (useful body), and self-preservation, through the purification of body/soul in a quest for psychological/spiritual redemption/rebirth. My inquiry into the process of rebirth through destruction as undergone by the two female protagonists in each respective work will examine the ways in which social and cultural oppression push both women to radical extremes, and to explore the gendered implications of mental illness, human/animal/nature alterity and a return to primordial states of being as means to resist and (r)eject themselves from the symbolic, and to create new sites of possibility by means of opening the barriers to the subconscious, by enacting the impossible/ unthinkable and shattering forms of rationality that uphold restrictive notions of success, wellness and happiness. Through my analysis, I hope to achieve a social commentary pertaining to the cultural standards of health and wellness and the ensuing establishment of unachievable standards curated within the framework of a patriarchal society where the the upholding of such notions operate as tools of oppression, marginalization, and as a means to justify the aggressions which maintain specific social hierarchies of power

    Relationship of Acculturation, Views of Mental Illness, and Likelihood of Seeking Treatment for Mental Health Issues within Latinx Immigrants in the U.S.

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    Latin Immigrants who live in the U.S. experience barriers when seeking mental health treatment. This population possesses different cultural norms than the host society of Anglo- Americans; these distinctly different levels of stigma related to mental health results in individual members\u27 attitudes about seeking different forms of treatment. The Latin population tends to hold a more negative stigma and attitude than the host society. As the Latin immigrant lives in the US, some acculturate to the Anglo-American society; this can alter the more negative stigma that the Latin population tends to hold toward mental health. The greater the general acculturation by a Latinx, the greater will be the self-perception of health which will affect the usage of care and attitudes about mental illness within the health care field. This greater acculturation will lessen the negative stigma held by the Latin immigrant towards mental health and increase the likelihood of this population seeking mental health treatment. Therefore it is hypothesized, that the more acculturated a Latino immigrant is to the Anglo American society, the less of a negative stigma will exists towards mental health, which will increase the likelihood of seeking treatment if needed for said population

    Getting Back

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    This podcast is about learning how to communicate with others effectively. That process begins with rediscovering your identity and taking responsibility for how that shapes communication.https://scholar.dominican.edu/effective-communication-rebelcast/1001/thumbnail.jp

    The Effects of Sleep Deprivation on Work Performance Amongst Night Shift Nurses

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    Night shift nurses are exceptionally prone to sleep deprivation as they are affected by a modified circadian rhythm. With numerous factors that may negatively impact night shift sleepiness, methods to manage sleep fatigue should be identified. The objective of the research is to identify sleep hygiene and coping strategies used among night shift nurses and to evaluate its relationship with sleep deprivation relief. The study utilizes a multifaceted questionnaire which includes items about demographic characteristics, sleep quality, sleep hygiene, and coping mechanisms sent to participants of nurses with at least six months of night shift work and acute care experience. By examining the influence of sleep deprivation on the sample group, their reported interventions and coping strategies can be distinguished. Identifying interventions and coping strategies night shift nurses use to combat sleep deprivation will improve the nursing care they provide. Keywords: sleep deprivation, sleep hygiene, sleep quality, coping mechanism, night shif
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