Scholarworks@GVSU

    2018-2019 Charter Schools Office Annual Report

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    https://scholarworks.gvsu.edu/cso_annual_reports/1003/thumbnail.jp

    Advocacy-Related Occupations Among People with Disabilities: Assessing Program Outcomes of an Advocacy Workshop

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    An emerging area of occupational therapy (OT) practice includes program development for persons with disabilities (PWD). These programs are designed to train PWD how to identify issues and advocate for inclusion and accessibility (Umeda et al., 2017). Among the available literature on community-based advocacy programs, results show positive social outcomes including increased self-advocacy knowledge and related behaviors (i.e. Kramer, 2015; Mishna et al., 2011). Regarding the present study, an advocacy training program titled “Community Organizing Advocacy Skills Training” (COAST) was developed using the Midwest Academy Training Manual for the Advocate. The purpose of this study was to pilot a tool developed to measure participants’ perceptions of confidence related to self-advocacy skills to inform program development for the COAST workshop. Results of data analysis were inconclusive due to a small sample size

    Program Evaluation of the Impact of Sensory Room Activities on Student Readiness in Muskegon County

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    There is a lack of research regarding the effect of sensory room interventions and equipment on student’s school readiness, as well as a lack of research regarding documentation and monitoring the effectiveness of sensory rooms. This is a problem for occupational therapists and teachers implementing sensory interventions that are not backed by research (Stephenson & Carter, 2011). Occupational therapists in Muskegon County Northern Service Unit (NSU) have determined a need to collect data on the impact of sensory room interventions on student readiness for school-day activities within their district. Program evaluations are needed in order to gather data that discusses the use of sensory rooms to add to the body of knowledge for occupational therapists who wish to develop protocols for effective sensory room use in school settings. Grand Valley State University (GVSU) Masters of Occupational Science and Therapy students were contacted by Muskegon County NSU occupational therapists to conduct a program evaluation regarding the impact of their sensory rooms on student readiness throughout the school day. The occupational therapists requested a partnership with GVSU to analyze data collected during a 6-12 week interval of student participation in their sensory rooms. During this 6-12 week period, the study utilized a Data Collection Sheet for Sensory Room Breaks created by the Muskegon County NSU occupational therapists to collect information during the sensory room interventions. In addition, adult employees working with the students in the sensory rooms were asked to complete an online survey. All of the data collected intended to help the occupational therapists in the NSU gain an understanding of how sensory room interventions can help students remain function throughout their school day. Furthermore, this study exemplifies a data collection method that can be replicated for documentation in other school districts’ sensory rooms. The overall purpose of this program evaluation is to determine the effect of sensory interventions used in four Muskegon County Northern Service Unit (NSU) sensory rooms on the student’s level of school readiness. The program evaluation was conducted to determine if the current use of sensory room interventions increase the readiness for participation in school environments among K-12 students with sensory needs. This information will be used by the school district to support or improve the current sensory interventions that are utilized

    Executive Summary

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    Democracy and Artistophanes\u27 \u3ci\u3eThe Birds\u3c/i\u3e

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    Almost 2,500 years ago, Aristophanes wrote a scathing critique of Greek democracy and today it has the power to illuminate the failings of America’s current political state. Through the comedy of absurd power, the parallels between Pisthetaerus and Donald Trump disturb. This presentation will investigate the statements Aristophanes made against the Ancient Greeks and extend them to the executive branch of America\u27s government

    Quinpirole Mediates Aversive Effects of Methamphetamine via Dopamine D2 Receptors

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    Innate avidity for methamphetamine (MA) use is influenced by sensitivity to its rewarding and aversive effects. MA induces these effects through release of the neurotransmitter dopamine, stimulating dopamine D2 receptors (D2R). The contribution of D2R to MA-induced motivational effects is poorly understood. In this study, we investigated motivational effects of D2R activation by using mice selectively bred for low MA drinking (MALDR) and high MA drinking (MAHDR). In a condition place preference (CPP) procedure, doses of 0.01, 0.1, and 0.5 mg/kg quinpirole, a D2R agonist, were paired with specific environmental cues; mice were later tested for cue preference. In both lines, quinpirole dose-dependently induced significant aversion and suppressed locomotor activity. MALDR mice alone showed enhanced locomotion in a drug-free CPP test. This study suggests that D2R plays a central role in the aversive effects of MA and is a potential therapeutic target for curbing MA intake

    White Saviorism and American Imperialism: An Analysis of the Peace Corps

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    My research is focused on the Peace Corps, specifically looking at the experiences of volunteers in order to see how they are reinforcing and/or resisting white saviorism and American imperialism. I used an intersectional approach in order to understand how the experiences of volunteers are shaped by racial and national relations of power. I have used discourse analysis to analyze blogs made by Peace Corps volunteers in order to see if narratives of the US needing to save the world and spreading American values were present. My preliminary findings suggest that many PCVs are critically examining their work as volunteers, while others are continuing to perpetuate attitudes of Americans needing to help poor people in Africa and American superiority over other countries. This research is significant in understanding how volunteers may be unwittingly reproducing ideas that American volunteers are needed in other countries

    Linking CO2-flux with Tundra Vegetation

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    The Arctic climate is rapidly changing and perhaps the most impactful ecosystem change is the shifting balance between photosynthesis and respiration towards respiration. Here we correlated CO2-flux data generated from experimentally warmed and control plots established by the International Tundra Experiment (ITEX) at the dry heath tundra in Utqiaġvik, AK with several abiotic and vegetation measurements conducted on the same plots. We found significant correlations between the vegetation and CO2-flux measurements. Linking the change of CO2-flux to the changes in tundra vegetation will provide a deeper understanding of the impacts of climate change on the Arctic and allow for more accurate predictions of future carbon dynamics

    Automated Conjecture Making: Domination on Planar Graphs

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    A planar graph G = (V,E) is a graph that can be embedded in the plane, i.e. it can be drawn in the plane so that no edges intersect except at the vertices. A subset S of vertices in a graph G is called a dominating set if every vertex v ∈ V is either an element of S or is adjacent to an element of S. The domination number of a graph G is the smallest cardinality of a dominating set; we denote the domination number as γ(G). Automated conjecture making is the process of having a computer generate conjectures. We investigate and find a bound for the domination number of planar graphs with the use of automated conjecture making

    Light Thieves

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