University of New Hampshire at Manchester

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    83886 research outputs found

    UNH Alum Discusses Winning Pulitzer Prize, Career As A Reporter April 18: Barbara Walsh Named 2007 Visiting Journalist

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    UNH Commits To Climate Neutrality: Interim President J. Bonnie Newman Signs American College & University Presidents Climate Commitment

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    Religion Expert: Lent Offers Important Cultural And Liturgical Marker For Catholics

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    McNamee Honored With Prestigious UNH Lindberg Award

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    UNH Senior\u27s Internship Brings Outdoor Recreation To Army Base

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    UNH Researchers: Oyster Thief Is Here To Stay

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    U.S. Law of the Sea Cruise to Map the Eastern Mendocino Ridge, Eastern Pacific Ocean

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    Spring 2015, With Support from the Emeriti Council, UNH Students Without Borders Make a Difference in Uganda

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    On January 5th, 2015 three UNH students: Nicolette Niemiec, Ashley Filion, and Megan Burke boarded a plane headed for the village of Lukodi, Uganda in Eastern Africa. They were joined by UNH faculty member Tom Ballestero, the project’s professional mentor. After 30 hours of plane travel and 7 hours of driving to reach the village, their feet finally touched the ground at Child Voice International (CVI). CVI has served as UNH Students Without Borders (SWB-UNH)’s host while in Uganda for each of the chapter’s past five trips. The mission of CVI is to restore the voices of children who have been affected by the Ugandan civil war. This non-government organization is located about 30 minutes from the nearest town (and source of electricity) and is right in the middle of the village of Lukodi, which has allowed the group to form a strong bond with the community. They have been a great partner for SWB-UNH and have strengthened the chapter’s efforts to connect with the community and get work done

    The significance of local water resources captured in small reservoirs for crop production – A global-scale analysis

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    Rainwater harvesting, broadly defined as the collection and storage of surface runoff, has a long history in supplying water for agricultural purposes. Despite its significance, rainwater harvesting in small reservoirs has previously been overlooked in large-scale assessments of agricultural water supply and demand. We used a macroscale hydrological model, observed climate data and other physical datasets to explore the potential role of small, localized rainwater harvesting systems in supplying water for irrigated areas. We first estimated the potential contribution of local water harvesting to supply currently irrigated areas. We then explored the potential of supplemental irrigation applied to all cropland areas to increase crop evapotranspiration (or green water flow), using locally stored surface runoff in small reservoirs for different scenarios of installed reservoir capacity. The estimated increase in green water flow varied between 623 and 1122 km3 a1 . We assessed the implications of this increase in green water flows for cereal production by assuming a constant crop water productivity in areas where current levels of crop yield are below global averages. Globally, the supplemental irrigation of existing cropland areas could increase cereal production by 35% for a medium variant of reservoir capacity, with large potential increases in Africa and Asia. As small reservoirs can significantly impact the hydrological regime of river basins, we also assessed the impacts of small reservoirs on downstream river flow and quantified evaporation losses from small reservoirs

    Sea Beam Survey of an Active Strike-Slip Fault: The San Clemente Fault in the California Continental Borderland

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    The San Clemente fault, located in the California Continental Borderland, is an active, northwest trending, right-lateral, wrench fault. Sea Beam data are used to map the major tectonic landforms associated with active submarine faulting in detail unavailable using conventional echo-sounding or seismic reflection data. In the area between North San Clemente Basin and Fortymile Bank, the major late Cenozoic faults are delineated by alignments of numerous tectonic landforms, including scarps, linear trenches, benches, and sags. Character and spatial patterns of these landforms are consistent with dextral wrench faulting, although vertical offsets may be substantial locally. The main trace of the San Clemente fault cuts a straight path directly across the rugged topography of the region, evidence of a steeply dipping fault surface. Basins or sags located at each right step in the en echelon pattern of faults are manifestations of pull-apart basin development in a right-slip fault zone. Seismic reflection profiles show offset reflectors and a graben in late Quaternary turbidites of the Navy Fan, where the fault zone follows a more northerly trend. Modern tectonic activity along the San Clemente fault zone is demonstrated by numerous earthquakes with epicenters located along the fault\u27s trend. The average strike of the San Clemente fault is parallel to the predicted Pacific-North American relative plate motion vector at this location. Therefore we conclude that the San Clemente fault zone is a part of the broad Pacific-North American transform plate boundary and that the southern California region may be considered as a broad shear zone


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