ScholarWorks at WMU

    The Effect of Carbon Black on TR Moisture Measurements and Beta Ray Basis Weight Measurements

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    Computer control of paper industry processes is becoming a very significant segment of the industry. Of major importance is on-line measurement and control of moisture and basis weight in the web, those two parameters affect practically every other sheet characteristics. Accurate closed loop control is essential to keeping the product within customer-demanded specifications. Board mills in particular utilize large quantities of waste paper, with the rate of usage expected to increase from 20.5 percent in 1970 to 26 percent by 1985. The concentration of contaminants will increase at a similar rate. One such contaminant, carbon black, will reduce the effectiveness of on-line IR (infrared) moisture sensors. Carbon black is the most important pigment in printing inks, since it colors virtually all black inks. All materials will absorb or reflect light energy, the amount being a function of the material characteristics and the wavelength of the light beam. Carbon black being a black body is nearly an ideal absorber. When present in a web a paper the carbon black will absorb IR wavelengths used to detect water in the sheet, yielding erroneous moisture content measurements. Experimental results showed that the relationship between carbon black level and the deviation from actual moisture is linear

    The Informant Volume VII, Number 1

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    Volume VII, Number 1 Fall 1974 Nine Tenses in Kikamba Faculty News Graduate Majors and Alumni Undergraduate Students and Alumni New Undergraduate Majors and Minors Some Gold Records Critical Language Courses Consulting Committee Microfiche Some Good News and Some Bad News Call for Papers Course Offerings for Winter 1975 Course Offerings for Spring 1975 Course Offerings for Summer 197

    14-03 Transportation System and Its Association with Human Health - A Review and Modeling Approach

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    Transportation systems constitute of infrastructure, commute modes, land use and other policies. The purpose of transportation is to provide easy access to goods and services. While attaining this purpose, impacts of transportation on human health and well-being have been ignored to some extent. Recently, studies have begun analyzing the impact of transportation systems on quality of life and health disparities. While many studies have discussed the impact of the transportation system on individual factors from health, a very limited number of studies have focused on the impact of multiple factors associated with multiple morbidity and mortality forms. The focus of this study is to analyze how transportation infrastructure can promote physical activities resulting in better health outcomes. Lack of data on transportation infrastructure at county-level in Michigan restricted the study. The Transportation and Health Tool developed by the US Department of Transportation was reviewed and applied to Michigan at a county-level to examine how different counties rank with respect to different transportation indicators corresponding to health conditions. Further, correlation analyses and multinomial linear regression analyses were conducted to determine relationships and impact magnitudes of transportation and socioeconomic factors on human health

    16-06 Vehicle-to-Device (V2D) Communications: Readiness of the Technology and Potential Applications for People with Disability

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    IEEE 802.11p was developed as an amendment to IEEE 802.11 for wireless access in vehicular environments (WAVE). While WAVE is considered the de facto standard for V2V communications, in the past few years a number of communications technologies have emerged that enable direct device-to-device (D2D) communications. Technologies like Bluetooth Smart, WiFi-Direct and LTE-Direct allow devices to communicate directly without having to rely on existing communications infrastructure (e.g., base stations). More importantly, these technologies are quickly penetrating the smartphones market. The goal of this research is to conduct extensive simulation and experimental studies to assess the efficacies of utilizing D2D communications technologies in transportation scenarios focused around pedestrians and bicyclists. Specifically, we design, develop, and experiment with Smart Cone and Smart Cane systems to evaluate the readiness of D2D technologies to support transportation applications

    MGRRE_PureOilScoutTickets_SMITH, MARTHA_3_21011118840000

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    2020-12-18_MichiganOverview_COVIDstats

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    The COVID Overview page was obtained from Michigan\u27s main COVID-19 page: https:/www.michigan.gov/coronavirus/0,9753,7-406-98163-520743--,00.html. The State of Michigan is working around the clock to test and treat COVID-19 patients. Below is the most recent data healthcare experts across the state have compiled. It is updated Monday - Saturday.This report is provisional and subject to change. City of Detroit and Wayne County are reported separately. MDHHS began tracking probable cases April 5, 2020. FCI indicates federal correctional institute. MDOC indicates Michigan Department of Corrections. Diagnostic tests, including nucleic acid amplification/real-time polymerase chain reaction (NAAT/RT-PCR) and rapid virus antigen detection point of care (POC) tests, look for current infection. Serology (antibody) tests are used to look for the possibility of previous infection. Source: Michigan Disease Surveillance System (MDSS) and Vital Records The website contained the tables Cases by Hispanic/Latino Ethnicity and Cases by Arab Ethnicity.The dashboard contained the tabs Current Status (subtabs View Cases, View Deaths, View Table), Daily Cases (subtabs Confirmed Cases, Deaths, View Table), Cumulative Trends (subtabs View Table, View Chart), Demographics (subtabs Confirmed Cases, Probable Cases, Confirmed Deaths, Probable Deaths), Total Testing (subtabs View Table, View Chart), Diagnostic Testing (subtabs View Table, View Chart), and Learn More.The public use datasets contained the following downloadable Excel spreadsheets (.xlsx): Cases and the Deaths by County, Cases by County by Date, Cases by Demographics Statewide, COVID-19 Tests by County, Diagnostic Tests by Result and County

    2020-11-05_MichiganDaily_COVIDmap

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    The WHERE WE STAND WITH COVID-19 map was obtained from Michigan\u27s main COVID-19 page: https://www.michigan.gov/coronavirus. Data was compiled by the Michigan Department of Health and Human Services (MDHHS). The information was updated daily at 3p.m., Monday - Saturday. The State of Michigan is working around the clock to test and treat COVID-19 patients. Below is the most recent data healthcare experts across the state have compiled. The image contained a map, indicating total cases by county, and also provides statistics on Total Confirmed Cases, Total COVID-19 Deaths, Daily Confirmed Cases, and Daily COVID-19 Deaths. There is also a notes section that contains pertinent information and when the figure was last updated

    2021-03-03_MichiganDaily_COVIDmap

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    The WHERE WE STAND WITH COVID-19 map was obtained from Michigan\u27s main COVID-19 page: https://www.michigan.gov/coronavirus. Data was compiled by the Michigan Department of Health and Human Services (MDHHS). The information was updated daily at 3p.m., Monday - Saturday. The State of Michigan is working around the clock to test and treat COVID-19 patients. Below is the most recent data healthcare experts across the state have compiled. The image contained a map, indicating total cases by county, and also provides statistics on Total Confirmed Cases, Total COVID-19 Deaths, Daily Confirmed Cases, and Daily COVID-19 Deaths. There is also a notes section that contains pertinent information and when the figure was last updated

    2020-05-09_MichiganOverview_COVIDsymptoms

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    The Syndromic Surveillance System Data report was obtained from Michigan\u27s COVID-19 dashboard, from under the link ​Coronavirus Symptoms : https://www.michigan.gov/coronavirus. Data was compiled by the Michigan Department of Health and Human Services (MDHHS). The information was initially updated daily at 3p.m., Monday - Saturday, and then Tuesday and Fridays after 2021-07-02. Syndromic Surveillance System data is obtained from approximately 183 facilities participating in syndromic surveillance (132 Emergency Departments (ED), 51 Urgent Cares) across the State of Michigan. The reporting is based on individuals who present at EDs and may not be representative of the overall population. The coronavirus-like symptoms query searches visit free-text (chief complaint, triage notes, and clinical impression) for fever or chills AND cough or shortness of breath or difficulty breathing. The report contains six tables, Proportion of Visits with Coronavirus Symptoms by Public Health Preparedness Region, Proportion of Visits with Coronavirus Symptoms by Age Group, Proportion of Visits (overall with Coronavirus Symptoms), Proportion of Visits with CLI or a COVID-19 Diagnosis by Public Health Preparedness Region, Proportion of Visits with CLI or a COVID-19 Diagnosis by Age Group, and Proportion of Visits (overall with CLI or a COVID-19 Diagnosis). It also contains 11 graphs, presenting the proportion of visits with coronavirus-like symptoms or diagnosis overall in the state, by age group, and by preparedness region
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