Gusau International Journal of Management and Social Sciences
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    140 research outputs found

    The Impact of Environmental Management Strategies on Firm's Performance in Banking Industry: A Case Study of three Selected Banks (United Bank for Africa, Heritage Bank and Lotus Bank)

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    The objective of this research is to examine the impact of Environmental Management Strategies (EMS) on the performance of Nigerian banks. The study focuses on three key components of EMS, namely green financing initiatives, environmental risk management practises, and sustainable product offers. The study employed purposive sampling to gather data from high-ranking workers of three well-established institutions, namely United Bank for Africa, Heritage Bank, and Lotus Bank. The study collected both quantitative and qualitative data from study participants. The quantitative data was analysed using Partial Least Squares Structural Equation Modelling (PLS-SEM) within the SMARTPLS3 software. On the other hand, thematic analysis was used to analyse the qualitative data. Finally, the study used triangulation method to draw comprehensive conclusions. The results indicate that the implementation of green financing initiatives and environmental risk management practises have a noteworthy and favourable impact on the overall performance of banks operating in Nigeria. The inclusion of sustainable product offers has been shown to have a notable and favourable effect on performance, underscoring the strategic significance of aligning financial products with sustainability objectives. The aforementioned findings highlight the significant importance of EMS in augmenting financial performance, protecting reputations, and establishing Nigerian banks as frontrunners in the realm of sustainable banking practises. The study recommends that policy makers should develop or revise regulatory frameworks to incentivize banks to integrate effective environmental management strategies into their operations, aligning with international sustainability standards

    Moderating Effect of Dominant Logic on the Relationship between Innovation Capability and SMEs Performance in Abuja

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    Performance of SMEs in today's dynamic business environment is crucial for the development of any economy. However, there are still obstacles hindering the expected optimal performance of the sector. The objective of this study therefore, is to examine the moderating role of dominant logic on the relationship between product innovation, marketing innovation and firm performance among SMEs in Three local governments (Abaji, AMAC and Kuje) in Abuja. A sample of 235 questionnaires was analyzed using Structural Equation Modelling. The result indicated that, in the direct relationship, Marketing Innovation and Dominant Logic have significant effect on SMEs performance, while the direct relationship between Product Innovation and Performance was found not to be significant. It was further found that Dominant Logic significantly moderates the relationship between Product Innovation and Firm Performance. On the other hand, Dominant Logic does not significantly moderate the relationship between Marketing Innovation and SMEs performance. The study therefore recommends that businesses should ensure managerial cognition are well defined and communicated at all levels, so as to improve product innovation. Also, there is need to emphasize the idea behind new trends so as to come up with a befitting marketing innovation that makes their business stand out by delivering quality service in the most cost effective manner  which will in turn enhance their performance

    Shortages and Inequalities in Geographic Distribution of Healthcare Workers in Katsina State, Nigeria

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    This paper examined shortages and geographical inequality in the distribution of healthcare workers in Katsina State. The Gini index and Lorenz curve were used to analyze data on healthcare workers in the study area. This is with a view to revealing the shortages of health workers or otherwise according to the criteria set by the World Health Organization (WHO). Finally coefficient correlation and determinant were used to establish whether or not there is significant association between population and distribution of healthcare facilities among the 34 Local Government Areas across the state. The findings of the study revealed that inequality really exist in the distribution of healthcare staff within the three zones of the state, the study confirmed that none of the three zones of the state has achieved the minimum requirement as stipulated by the WHO for critical shortage of 2.5/1000 population. In addition to inadequacy of health personnel in Nigeria and in Katsina State, there is a common understanding that this problem is more in Katsina state and is further exacerbated by geographic distributional inequalities that are even more severe in rural areas. On the other hand, the Lorenz curve has also depicted similar results as the curves are further away from the diagonal, which means there is high variation in the distribution of health care workers in the State. Based on the study findings, it is recommended that a more vigorous analysis should be carried out by the state ministry of health to ascertain the number of healthcare facilities as well as the required number of healthcare workers with a view to establishing the number of equipment available and facilities which may require upgrade for effectiveness. The actual access levels individuals and communities have to the health care facilities in Katsina State needs to be ascertained. Besides, the government should adopt population threshold as a yardstick for health care facility distribution as this is the only approach to ensure equality and social justice in distribution of health care workers and other basic facilities

    Rice Farmers’ Perception of Climate Change and its Effects on Rice Production and Livelihoods in Kura Local Government Area of Kano State, Nigeria

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    This study examined the perception of rice farmers’ on climate change, its pattern of change and how it affects rice production and livelihoods in Kura Local Government Area in Kano State, Nigeria. A survey research design was employed using semi structured questionnaire. Four hundred (400) respondents were selected randomly from the selected 10 wards based on their availability for the study. The data obtained was analyzed using descriptive statistic in the SPSS version 20.0. The study revealed that rice farmers in the area have very good knowledge on climate change, its pattern of change and effects on rice yield. The study further revealed that the existence of climate change due to its effects on rice yield in the area makes farmers in the area to have a positive perception on the changing pattern of climate change and their effects on rice production. Also the study established that the farmers’ positive perception on the presence of changing pattern of climatic variables in the area affects the growing yield of rice in the inputs and the outputs. The study recommends that Kano state government and non-governmental organizations should gear up towards motivating the farmers to actively adopt mitigating measures of climate change for sustainable rice farming system and sustenance of livelihood options in the area. The rice farmers association and the agric department of the local government in collaboration with government at both state and federal should put more efforts in providing drought resistance seedling to farmers and adopt effective mitigation measures through early warning to control loss of farm products during harvesting. Creating awareness on effects of climate change and crop management practices to control dreadful crop loss in the area was also recommended

    Work Training: A Panacea for Personnel Productivity (A Study of Shoprite Limited, Owerri, Imo State, Nigeria)

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    The study examines the impact of workplace training on personnel productivity in Shoprite, Owerri, Imo state, Nigeria. Descriptive research method was adopted since it required observing and documenting behavior, attitudes and activities. Human capital theory and Expectancy theory underpinned the study. The sample size was derived by Krejcie & Morgan (1970) table which consist of (70) respondents who are employees of the firm. Data were collected through a questionnaire instrument found to be reliable. The data collected was grouped according to response and presented in tables using frequencies and percentages. The hypotheses were tested using Pearson’s correlation analysis. Results of the study revealed that work training has a significantly strong and positive association with personnel productivity. Base on the finding, the study recommends periodic and effective trainings programs for employees to keep abreast with new skills and knowledge regarding their job and also serve as a source of motivation. The researcher suggested that further investigation should be carried out in public sector to assess the effectiveness of work trainings

    Rural Urban Variation in Quality of Life as Push Factor of Migration in Dutsinma Local Government Area, Katsina State

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    The study investigates the Rural-Urban variation in quality of life as a factor of migration in Dutsin[1]ma local Government area of Katsina state. The paper examined the nature of quality of life in Dutsinma local government area of Katsina state. The method used in this research involved both qualitative and quantitative data design; a total of 120 questionnaires was administered to the sample respondents of the study area. The major finding revealed that, 66.7% of the respondents believed that their migration to the study area increases pressure on the available resources. This means that they are being over-stretched thereby leading some of them into extinction. On the other hand, only 32% of the respondents did not observed any change. This implies that since the number of people is continuously increasing while the resources are static, so the more people the more pressure on the already limited resources in the study area. It also implies that too much migration into the study area increases pressure on the available infrastructures, reduces their efficiency, and also leads to their decay. Therefore, since this phenomenon cannot completely be stopped, it should be mitigated and reduced. In conclusion, Security constraints were also observed to contribute to the overall rural-urban migration and as such, needs to be provided in rural areas. The study recommends infrastructural development such as hospital and clinics, schools, pipe-borne water sources, electricity and other infrastructural facilities in rural areas to tame the tide of migration in the study area, and to keep rural dwellers away from migration in search for better life

    International Financial Reporting Standards (IFRS) Adoption and Quality of Accounting Information of Selected Listed Manufacturing Firms in Nigeria

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    This study investigates if the adoption of IFRS has improved the quality of accounting numbers provided in the financial statements of firms in Nigeria. The essence is to confirm the results of previous studies as well as the introduction of new variables. The study uses secondary balanced panel data obtained from the Nigerian Exchange Group on 27 selected manufacturing firms over the periods 2006-2011 for pre-IFRS and from 2012-2017 for post-IFRS. The dependent variable is market share price (MPS), and the independent variables are BVPS, EPS, CFPS and PE, while LEV and SIZE are the control variables. The regression results of the Estimated Generalized Least Squares (EGLS) indicate that for pre-IFRS periods, while three variables are positively significant, four of the variables of interest are positively significant in post-IFRS periods. The overall results of the hypotheses tests show that there is a higher quality of accounting information after the adoption of IFRS for the periods under review. The results give signals to investors that post-IFRS information has higher value relevance than pre-IFRS. The study recommends among others that manufacturing firms should continue to adopt IFRS in order to maximize its influence on their stock prices

    Board Political Affiliation and Financial Performance of Non-Financial Companies in Nigeria

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    The study looks at how board political allegiance affects the financial success of non-financial companies listed on the Nigerian Stock Exchange. The study's specific goal is to ascertain whether board political affiliation, a component of corporate governance, influences the financial performance of the company. Return on equity (ROE) and net profit margin (NPM) were used to measure the company's financial performance. The study employed an ex post facto research design and a sample of 75 listed non-financial corporations with detailed annual reports that were released during the measure reporting period (2012-2021). Regression using generalized least squares (GLS) was utilized to analyze the correlation between the variables. The outcome demonstrates that board political membership has a favorable and significant impact on ROE and NPM at a level of 5%. The study concludes that there should be no restriction on the number of politically affiliated individuals serving on boards of directors within the parameters of corporate governance regulations and that political affiliation has a positive and significant impact on companies' NPM, as evidenced by the higher attendance of politically connected individuals, which suggests that board members improve the company's financial performance and revenue. According to the study, it should always be encouraged for people with political clout to serve on the boards of Nigerian publicly traded non-financial enterprises

    Balanced Scorecard: A Strategic Tool for Enhancing Managerial Performance in Nigerian Banks (A Study of United Bank for Africa)

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    This study investigated the application of balance scorecard in improving performance of managers in UBA plc. The main objective of the study is to examine the effect of balance scorecard adoption on the performance of managers, as reflected in improved abilities, achieve customer and financial objectives, competencies levels and potential abilities for innovative behaviour. Cross[1]sectional survey research design was adopted for the study. The target population is the staff of selected branches of United Bank for Africa (UBA). Yamane’s formula was used to randomly choose a sample of 300 employees from the focal organization. A structured questionnaire was used for data collection. Descriptive statistic of frequency counts and simple percentages were used in analyzing the data, while the hypotheses were tested with Pearson Moment Correlation. The findings of the study showed that there is a significant relationship between balance scorecard and performance of bank managers in UBA plc. It was concluded that the balanced score card if properly implemented will enhance managerial performance in Nigerian organizations. Based on the findings of this study, the study recommends that management of UBA plc should put in place structure to aid the effective implementation of the balanced scorecard as a key measure of performance among the bank managers. Since the balanced scorecard is a strategic instrument for enhancing performance, there should be organizational wide participation in its development. Managers should tailor the perspectives to reflect the specific organizational situation and needs. There should be in-built flexibility and adjustments in the face of the dynamic and complex environment

    Effect of Diversity Management on Organizational Citizenship Behaviour: The Moderating Role of Perceived Organisational Justice

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    Record has established that there is issue of organisational citizenship behaviour in public health service sector in Taraba State which has affected the functionality of the sector. It is on this note that this study examined the moderating role of perceived organisational justice on the relationship between diversity management and organisational citizenship behavior in public hospital. The study used cross sectional research design and the instrument for collecting data is via questionnaires with the help of research assistants, the population of the study is 1900 and the actual sample for data analysis is 315. The result of the analysis has proven that, individual diversity management has no significant effect on employee organisational citizenship behavior both on direct and on an interacting relationship. However, organisation diversity management has a positive and significant effect on citizenship behaviour both on direct and indirect relationship respectively. Base on the findings of the study it was recommended that management and stakeholders of public health care sector should take both individual and organisation diversity into due consideration at all levels of health sector, so as to motivate employee of this sector to engage on positive behavior such as organisational citizenship behavior which will in turn improve the performance of this sector as a whole


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