International Journal of Business and Social Science Research (IJBSSR)

International Journal of Business and Social Science Research (IJBSSR)
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    66 research outputs found

    Evaluating current strategies in Response to burglary at residential premises

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    It is in the best interest of the South African Police Services (SAPS) to assess the effectiveness of the current strategies which they are employing to respond to burglaries at residential premises in South Africa, this knowledge would assist in addressing burglaries more effectively in the future. This study aimed to contribute to this knowledge by evaluating the current strategies which the SAPS in the Newlands East policing precinct are utilizing to respond to burglaries in the study area. This was deemed necessary as residential burglary had been reported as the highest property-related crime in the study area for the five years (2015-2019) preceding the study. In ensuring that the aim of this study was achieved, the qualitative research design was used, which assisted the researcher to focus on exploring the views of the SAPS members on the current strategies they are employing to respond to burglaries. Data collection for this study was based on semi-structured interviews conducted on an individual basis with selected participants. It combined a set of pre-determined questions that enabled the interviewer to explore further particular themes and responses. The findings of this study revealed that the South African Police Service as well as the Community Policing Forum in the study area have implemented some viable strategies to combat burglary at residential premises. However, these strategies are not entirely effective due to limited manpower and limited vehicles allocated to the police station. These findings suggest that there is an urgent need for the government to intervene by increasing the SAPS budget so that more vehicles and manpower may be deployed to local police stations. This would assist the SAPS to effectively respond to burglaries at residential premises in the study area

    How Smart Firms Power Global Knowledge Acquisitions Through Socialization Mechanisms: Evidence from Malaysian Foreign Subsidiaries

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    This concept paper extends research on knowledge transfer based on the network and resource base. It claims smart firms can accelerate their stock of strategic knowledge by employing an efficient socialization process and gaining competitive advantages. Nonetheless, exploiting the knowledge in the corporate network is not straightforward. The transition of substantial strategic resources within a business must be acquired and used efficiently. Using the socialization process thus significantly reduces the barriers to best practices or strategic knowledge transfer. This paper presents a theoretical model explaining acquiring knowledge through socialization. Nevertheless, this paper demonstrates that without socialization mechanisms, subsidiary-headquarters embeddedness could adversely affect

    Analysis Of Local Government Financial Performance Based On The Method Value For Money

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    The purpose of this study was to determine the financial performance of the Makassar City Government based on the Value For Money (VFM) method, namely to analyze the measurement of economic ratios, efficiency and effectiveness (3E). The type of research used is quantitative with a quantitative descriptive approach, namely collecting data, compiling, interpreting, and analyzing it so as to provide conclusions about local government financial performance using Value For Money. The data used is secondary data, namely data on the financial reports of the Regional Revenue and Expenditure Budget (APBD) of the Makassar City Government. The results of the indicate that the economic and efficiency ratios have met the Value For Money standard so that the budget can be more targeted and enjoyed by the community, while the effectiveness ratio has not met the Value For Money standard but there is still a need for continuous improvement in public services so that the effectiveness of government performance is achieved even better in the coming year. But the performance of Makassar City Government as a whole is good

    Analysis of Strategic Public Financial Management Reforms on Effective Service Delivery

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    The overall objective of the study is to analyze the influence of strategic public financial management changes on efficient service delivery, the best metric to use to assess how well the government provides services. To ensure economic growth and development by maximizing the efficient use of scarce public resources, the emerging country PFM reform its wasteful public finance PFM's reforms must prove successful in transparency, accountability, and reporting standards on the usage of public funds to deliver services. Both approaches focused on carefully addressing serious weaknesses in financial control and were demanding in their approach. Establishing effective control was the task, and improving control efficiency is second-order work. Improvements to the current free balance systems, the allocation and prompt payment of operations to spending agencies, the focus on monthly salaries, revenue collection monitoring verification analysis and reporting, budget control, and accounts, reporting, are some of the Public Financial Management reforms that have been put into place. The sequencing, acquisition, and disbursement of funds are all subject to stringent manual controls in public finance. The Central Payment System procurement bill and cash budget disbursement are the focus of the South Sudan PFM Reform Activities, which are information technology-driven and install new, protected, discipline and procedure-driven IFMIS information technology techniques. This study used a sample size of 47 respondents for the Ministry of Finance and Planning due to the small and easily accessible population. This study employed a questionnaire with a Likert scale to collect data. Frequency analysis and descriptive statistics were employed in the study to analyze the data acquired. The analysis was conducted with the aid of the social science statistical program SPSS, and graphs and tables were used to display the findings. Yet, the results revealed that strategic public financial management improvements and accounting methods had little impact on how well the general public was treated. The results also demonstrated that budgeting, stakeholder participation, and regulatory regulations had a favorable impact on service delivery. To prevent going over budget, government institutions should first develop plans and budgets with a high level of public involvement and ownership. The management of the institution should use technology, such as IFMIS, to improve the efficiency, transparency, and accountability of revenue collecting.&nbsp

    Factors For Acceptance of Electronic Fiscal Devices by Small and Medium Enterprises in Tanzania

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    The study aimed to assess factors for the acceptance of Electronic Fiscal Devices by small and medium enterprises in Tanzania.  The UTAUT model without moderating factors, such as gender, age, and factors, guided this study. The constructs of perceived trust were added as a theoretical contribution to the study. The study employed the Survey strategy in data collection by administering the questionnaires. A sample of 400 respondents was drawn from the population under the study. Quantitative data were analyzed based on descriptive statistical analysis and multiple linear regression Analysis. The survey strategy was employed, and questionnaires were administered to collect data. The sample consisted of 400 respondents selected from the target population. Quantitative data was collected and analyzed using a multiple linear regression model. The study's findings revealed that performance expectancy and effort expectancy significantly acceptance of electronic Fiscal devices (EFD) among business owners in Tanzania. However, perceived trust was found to not influence acceptance of Electronic Fiscal devices (EFD) among business owners in Tanzania. These results validate the UTAUT model and highlight the significance of performance expectancy and effort expectancy in influencing the acceptance of electronic Fiscal devices (EFD) among business owners in Tanzania. Additionally, the inclusion of perceived trust as a construct in the study model, suggests that tax authorities in Tanzania should explore other determining factors beyond perceived trust to enhance acceptance of electronic Fiscal devices (EFD) among business owners in Tanzania

    Modeling and Optimizing Service Quality Improvement (Empirical study uses the POP-HRM approach to training instructors Security Unit in Bogor Regency)

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    This study aims to find ways and strategies to improve service quality by analyzing the influence of other variables on service quality. The other variables are organizational support, work motivation, job satisfaction, and work commitment. Furthermore, the methods and strategies for improving the quality of education and training services found were made recommendations to related parties, namely the Republic of Indonesia Police, leaders of education and training institutions, and training instructors for the Security Unit in Bogor Regency. The population is as many as 168 instructors of security training and training from 33 security training institutions, spread across 16 sub-districts in the Bogor Regency area. The research sample is 118 respondents. Data analysis used SITOREM analysis. The results of the study show 1) There is a direct positive effect of organizational support on service quality with a path coefficient (βy1) of 0.302, so that strengthening organizational support can improve service quality; 2) There is a direct positive effect of work motivation on service quality with a path coefficient (βy2) of 0.211, so that strengthening work motivation can improve service quality; 3) There is a direct positive effect of job satisfaction on service quality with a path coefficient (βy3) of 0.201, so that strengthening job satisfaction can improve service quality; 4) There is a direct positive effect of work commitment on service quality with a path coefficient (βy4) of 0.212, so that strengthening work motivation can improve service quality; 5) There is a direct positive effect of Organizational Support on job satisfaction with a path coefficient (βy31) of 0.432, so that strengthening organizational support can increase job satisfaction; 6) There is a direct positive effect of work motivation on job satisfaction with a path coefficient (βy32) of 0.535, so that strengthening work motivation can increase job satisfaction; 7) There is a direct positive effect of Organizational Support on work commitment with a path coefficient (βy41) of 0.553, so that strengthening organizational support can increase work commitment; 8) There is a direct positive effect of work motivation on work commitment with a path coefficient (βy42) of 0.412, so that strengthening work motivation can increase work commitment; 9) There is an indirect positive effect of organizational support on service quality through job satisfaction with a path coefficient (βx13y) of 0.091, so that strengthening organizational support can improve service quality through strengthening job satisfaction; 10) There is an indirect positive effect of work motivation on service quality through job satisfaction with a path coefficient (βx23y) of 0.113, so that strengthening work motivation can improve service quality through strengthening job satisfaction; 11) There is an indirect positive effect of organizational support on service quality through work commitment with a path coefficient (βx14y) of 0.087, so that strengthening organizational support can improve service quality through strengthening work commitment; 12) There is an indirect positive effect of work motivation on service quality through work commitment with a path coefficient (βx24y) of 0.117, so that strengthening work motivation can improve service quality through strengthening work commitment; 13) There is a direct positive effect of work motivation on organizational support with a path coefficient (βy12) of 0.852, so strengthening work motivation can increase work commitment

    The Effect of Workload and Compensation on Employee Performance Through Motivation of Functional Tax Auditor Employees at the Bekasi Middle Tax Service Office

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    The purposes of this study are 1) to analyze the effect of workload and compensation on employee motivation, 2) to analyze the effect of workload and compensation on employee performance, 3) to analyze the effect of motivation on employee performance, 4) to analyze the effect of workload and compensation on performance through employee motivation. The research was conducted on functional employees of tax auditors at the Bekasi Middle Tax Service Office. The number of samples taken in this study was 58 employees with data analysis using path analysis. The results of the study are 1) there is an effect of workload and compensation on employee motivation, 2) there is an effect of workload and compensation on employee performance, 3) there is an effect of motivation on employee performance, 4) there is an effect of workload and compensation on performance through employee motivation

    The Effect of Emotional Intelligence and Work Environment On Affective Commitment and Job Satisfaction as Intervening Variables in State Elementary School 1 In Kemayoran District, Central Jakarta

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    This study aims to determine the effect of emotional intelligence and the work environment on affective commitment and job satisfaction as intervening variables in State Elementary School 1 in Kemayoran District, Central Jakarta. This study used a quantitative research type using a population of 214 teachers from 11 State Elementary Schools in Kemayoran District, Central Jakarta. The sample used in this study amounted to 102 people. Data collection techniques using questionnaires, observation and literature study. Data analysis used Partial Least Square (PLS) analysis using SmartPls version 3.0. The results of this study indicate that emotional intelligence has a direct effect on job satisfaction in Teachers. The work environment has a direct effect on job satisfaction in Teachers. Job satisfaction has a direct effect on affective commitment in Teachers. Emotional intelligence has a direct effect on affective commitment in Teachers. The work environment does not directly affect affective commitment in Teachers. Emotional intelligence does not directly influence Teachers' affective commitment with job satisfaction as an intervening variable. The work environment directly influences Teachers affective commitment with job satisfaction as an intervening variable

    The Effect of Corporate Social Responsibility on Tax Avoidance: The Moderating Role of Earnings Management

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    This research was conducted to analyze and prove the partial effect of corporate social responsibility on tax avoidance and to analyze and prove the effect of earnings management variables in moderating corporate social responsibility on tax avoidance. The research design is a multiple linear regression analysis and Moderated Regression Analysis (MRA) using the SPSS version 25 program. The subjects are the food and beverage sub-sector companies listed on the Indonesia Stock Exchange (BEI). 19 companies meet the criteria to be used as a sample. The results show that: corporate social responsibility has no significant effect on tax avoidance. Meanwhile, Earnings Management significantly strengthens the moderate effect of corporate social responsibility on tax avoidance

    Using Industry Certifications to Improve the Marketability and Skill Development of Accounting and Finance Students

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    This article focuses on optional business certifications that students can obtain while they are completing their undergraduate degree program. These certifications can benefit students in the job market and be helpful in supplementing real world business training in curriculum and address any skill gaps.  Several business certifcaitons are represented with pertinent information on the process and benefits of certificate completion.  The list of certificates is not meant to be exhaustive, but gives a starting point for business faculty looking to provide opportunities for student career development.     &nbsp

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