JScholarship

    I know a maiden fair to see! take care! take care! take care! [first line]

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    Stackpole Sc.

    1982 General Development Plan

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    1 map : colored ; 56 x 44 cm, 56 x 87 cm. on sheet. Scale: 1:250,000

    Existing Land Use, 1976 [Baltimore Region]

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    1 map : colored ; 43 x 43 cm. Scale: 1:266,666

    Short dysfunctional telomeres impair tumorigenesis in the INK4a(delta2/3) cancer-prone mouse.

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    Maintenance of telomere length is predicted to be essential for bypass of senescence and crisis checkpoints in cancer cells. The impact of telomere dysfunction on tumorigenesis was assessed in successive generations of mice doubly null for the telomerase RNA (mTR) and the INK4a tumor suppressor genes. Significant reductions in tumor formation in vivo and oncogenic potential in vitro were observed in late generations of telomerase deficiency, coincident with severe telomere shortening and associated dysfunction. Reintroduction of mTR into cells significantly restored the oncogenic potential, indicating telomerase activation is a cooperating event in the malignant transformation of cells containing critically short telomeres. The results described here demonstrate that loss of telomere function in a cancer-prone mouse model possessing intact DNA damage responses impairs, but does not prevent, tumor formation.

    Topological defects in flat nanomagnets: the magnetostatic limit

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    We discuss elementary topological defects in soft magnetic nanoparticles in the thin-film geometry. In the limit dominated by magnetostatic forces the low-energy defects are vortices (winding number n=+1), cross ties (n=-1), and edge defects with n=-1/2. We obtain topological constraints on the possible composition of domain walls. The simplest domain wall in this regime is composed of two -1/2 edge defects and a vortex, in accordance with observations and numerics.

    Human red cell Aquaporin CHIP. II. Expression during normal fetal development and in a novel form of congenital dyserythropoietic anemia

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    Channel-forming integral protein (CHIP) is the archetypal member of the Aquaporin family of water channels. Delayed CHIP expression was shown recently in perinatal rat (Smith, B. L., R. Baumgarten, S. Nielsen, D. Raben, M. L. Zeidel, and P. Agre. 1993. J. Clin. Invest. 92:2035-2041); here we delineate the human patterns. Compared with adult, second and third trimester human fetal red cells had lower CHIP/spectrin ratios (0.72 +/- 0.12, 0.94 +/- 0.22 vs 1.18 +/- 0.11) and reduced osmotic water permeability (0.029, 0.026 vs 0.037 cm/s); CHIP was already present in human renal tubules by the second trimester. A patient with a novel form of congenital dyserythropoietic anemia (CDA) with persistent embryonic and fetal globins and absent red cell CD44 protein was studied because of reduced CHIP-associated Colton antigens. Novel CDA red cells contained < 10% of the normal level of CHIP and had remarkably low osmotic water permeability (< 0.01 cm/s), but no mutation was identified in Aquaporin-1, the gene encoding CHIP. These studies demonstrate: (a) unlike rat, human CHIP expression occurs early in fetal development; (b) red cell water channels are greatly reduced in a rare phenotype; and (c) disrupted expression of red cell CHIP and CD44 suggests an approach to the molecular defect in a novel form of CDA.

    Localization of aquaporin CHIP in the human eye: implications in the pathogenesis of glaucoma and other disorders of ocular fluid balance

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    PURPOSE. The existence of integral membrane proteins that serve as selective water channels has been postulated to explain the movement of water across plasma membranes. Aquaporin CHIP (channel-forming integral membrane protein of 28 kd) is the first such channel to be characterized and is abundant in human erythrocytes and a variety of secretory and absorptive epithelia of the rat. Because disturbances in the movement of water characterize several ocular diseases, the distribution of CHIP in the human eye was studied. METHODS. Affinity-purified antibodies against purified CHIP protein were used for the indirect immunofluorescence localization of CHIP in human eye structures. Labeling was confirmed by immunoblot analyses of membrane preparations from eye structures. RESULTS. CHIP immunolabeling was found in the corneal endothelium, the lens epithelium, the nonpigmented epithelium of the ciliary process, the iris epithelium, and the endothelium of the trabecular meshwork and the canal of Schlemm. CONCLUSIONS. The presence of CHIP water channels in the secretory and absorptive tissues of the human eye provides a mechanism for transcellular water movement and may be important for understanding diseases of the eye that involve excess or insufficient movement of ocular fluid such as glaucoma, cataracts, and Fuch's dystrophy. In addition, the existence of CHIP in the outflow pathways of the human eye provides a novel explanation for the movement of water out of the eye.

    Map of Baltimore

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    This is the 1867-1868 Baltimore City Directory. 1 map; 49 x 38 cm
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