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    15706 research outputs found

    A systematic literature review of risks in Islamic banking system: research agenda and future research directions

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    This study employs a systematic review approach to examine the existing body of literature on risk management in Islamic banking. The focus of this work is to analyze published manuscripts to provide a comprehensive overview of the current state of research in this field. After conducting an extensive examination of eighty articles classified as Q1 and Q2, we have identified six prominent risk themes. These themes include stability and resilience, risk-taking behavior, credit risk, Shariah non-compliance risk, liquidity risk, and other pertinent concerns that span various disciplines. The assessment yielded four key themes pertaining to the risk management of the Islamic banking system, namely prudential regulation, environment and sustainability, cybersecurity, and risk-taking behavior. Two risk frameworks were provided based on the identified themes. The microframework encompasses internal and external risk elements that influence the bank’s basic activities and risk feedback system. The macro-framework encompasses several elements that influence the risk management environment for Islamic banks (IB), including exogenous institutional factors, domestic endogenous factors, and global endogenous factors. Thematic discoveries are incorporated to identify potential avenues for future research and policy consequences

    Knowledge in a religion and worldviews approach in English schools

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    The Final Report of the Commission on Religious Education (CoRE) in England published in 2018 advocated what it called a religion and worldviews approach. One of the significant questions it provoked was the approach to knowledge that it took. This article explores this question. It first explains the background to the Commission Report and then the subsequent interpretative work undertaken by the Religious Education Council of England and Wales to develop its recommendations. It then focuses on the vision lying behind the religion and worldviews approach that draws on CoRE’s claim that ‘everyone has a worldview’, and reviews the debate that resulted around that claim. A detailed consideration of the approach to worldview taken in the subsequent REC work and its exemplification in a revised Statement of Entitlement follows. Finally, it is argued that the understanding of knowledge taken in this literature resonates with that of Michael Polanyi in his development of the idea of personal knowledge and that of Andrew and Elina Wright’s exposition of critical realism. The article advocates that this results in an approach to RE that puts learning to make scholarly and reflexive judgments at the heart of knowledge-rich RE

    Reducing scope 3 emissions: commuter students.

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    In this conference paper, Dr Kenyon raises awareness of the existence and impact of commuter students in the UK. To address the climate crisis, Dr Kenyon presents a call to action for the sector, to: - Recognise the new commuter student culture in the UK; - Understand: collect consistent, comparable data; and - Adapt our operations

    Stakeholder-driven transformative adaptation is needed for climate-smart nutrition security in sub-Saharan Africa.

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    Improving nutrition security in sub-Saharan Africa under increasing climate risks and population growth requires a strong and contextualized evidence base. Yet, to date, few studies have assessed climate-smart agriculture and nutrition security simultaneously. Here we use an integrated assessment framework (iFEED) to explore stakeholder-driven scenarios of food system transformation towards climate-smart nutrition security in Malawi, South Africa, Tanzania and Zambia. iFEED translates climate-food-emissions modelling into policy-relevant information using model output implication statements. Results show that diversifying agricultural production towards more micronutrient-rich foods is necessary to achieve an adequate population-level nutrient supply by mid-century. Agricultural areas must expand unless unprecedented rapid yield improvements are achieved. While these transformations are challenging to accomplish and often associated with increased greenhouse gas emissions, the alternative for a nutrition-secure future is to rely increasingly on imports, which would outsource emissions and be economically and politically challenging given the large import increases required. [Abstract copyright: © 2024. The Author(s).

    Exploring Health Care Disparities in Genetic Testing and Research for Hereditary Cardiomyopathy: Current State and Future Perspectives.

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     Hereditary cardiomyopathies are commonly occurring myocardial conditions affecting heart structure and function with a genetic or familial association, but the etiology is often unknown. Cardiomyopathies are linked to significant mortality, requiring robust risk stratification with genetic testing and early diagnosis.  We hypothesized that health care disparities exist in genetic testing for hereditary cardiomyopathies within clinical practice and research studies.  In a narrative fashion, we conducted a literature search with online databases such as PubMed/MEDLINE, Google Scholar, EMBASE, and Science Direct on papers related to hereditary cardiomyopathies. A comprehensive analysis of findings from articles in English on disparities in diagnostics and treatment was grouped into four categories.  Racial and ethnic disparities in research study enrollment and health care delivery favor White populations and higher socioeconomic status, resulting in differences in the development and implementation of effective genetic screening. Such disparities have shown to be detrimental, as minorities often suffer from disease progression to heart failure and sudden cardiac death. Barriers related to clinical genetic testing included insurance-related issues and health illiteracy. The underrepresentation of minority populations extends to research methodologies, as testing in ethnic minorities resulted in a significantly lower detection rate and diagnostic yield, as well as a higher likelihood of misclassification of variants.  Prioritizing minority-based participatory research programs and screening protocols can address systemic disparities. Diversifying research studies can improve risk stratification strategies and impact clinical practice. [Abstract copyright: The Author(s). This is an open access article published by Thieme under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, permitting unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction so long as the original work is properly cited. ( ).

    Walking an unconventional path

    No full text leaving behind ambitions to be a farmer, Ellie Workman has found a new passion in paramedicine and shares her path in her first student column as she navigates second yea

    The effects of high intensity interval training on quality of life: a systematic review and meta-analysis

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    This study aimed to ascertain the impact of high intensity interval training (HIIT) on physical, mental, and overall quality of life (QoL) through a comprehensive systematic review and meta-analysis. Twenty-two studies with twenty-four effect sizes were included; seventeen comparing HIIT and overall QoL, fourteen comparing HIIT and physical QoL and thirteen studies comparing HIIT and mental QoL. There was a statistically significant improvement in physical (SMD= 0.405, p= 0.007), mental (SMD= 0.473, p=0.031) and overall QoL (SMD= 0.554, p=0.002) following a program of HIIT. Secondary analysis of 5 studies comparing HIIT against moderate intensity continuous training demonstrated no significant difference in improvement between the two modes (SMD= -0.094, p=0.655). Engaging in HIIT produces statistically significant improvements in physical, mental, and overall quality of life in clinical and non-clinical populations at a small to moderate effect size. Furthermore, HIIT appears as effective as MICT in improving overall QoL, offering a more time-efficient exercise option

    Walking towards embodied understanding

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    This chapter discusses how the psychogeographical practice of attentive walking can be used to promote embodied experiences of place, within and beyond Higher Education settings. It defines and outlines attentive walking methods as immersive, submitting to sensory details and seeking entanglements with the nonhuman in everyday settings. The chapter argues for the need to take time away from the constraints of ‘workliving’ to facilitate this practice as an act of care, and presents the COVID-19 pandemic as an example of large-scale disruption to working patterns. The restraints of lockdown and resultant hyperlocalised experience of place are identified as situations through which attentive practices develop. The chapter proposes hyperlocalised attentive walking as a means to re-vision and re-enchant place, and concludes that by attending to and caring for a fragment of the world, we might better attend to and care for the whole

    Moderate dietary restriction delays the onset of age-associated sarcopenia in Caenorhabditis elegans due to reduced myosin UNC-54 degradation

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    Sarcopenia, a gradual decrease in skeletal muscle mass and strength, is a major component of frailty in the elderly, with age, (lack of) exercise and diet found to be the major risk factors. The nematode Caenorhabditis elegans is an important model of sarcopenia. Although many studies describe loss of muscle function in ageing C. elegans, surprisingly few report on the loss of muscle mass. Here, in order to quantify loss of muscle mass under various dietary restriction (DR) conditions, we used an internal GFP standard to determine levels of the major body wall muscle myosin (UNC-54) in transgenic unc-54::gfp worms over their lifespan. Myosin density linearly increased during the first week of adulthood and there was no significant effect of DR. In contrast, an exponential decrease in myosin density was seen during the second week of adulthood, with reduced rates of myosin loss for mild and medium DR compared to control. UNC-54 turnover rates, previously determined using pulse-labelling methods, correspond well with the t1/2 value found here for UNC-54-GFP using fluorescence (control t1/2 = 12.0 days), independently validating our approach. These data indicate that sarcopenia is delayed in worms under mild and medium DR due to a reduced rate of myosin UNC-54 degradation, thereby maintaining protein homeostasis

    Hospitality workforce trends

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    The hospitality workforce crisis has been an ongoing discussion for academics, researchers, and industry practitioners. Globally, the hospitality sector is considered one of the fastest-growing, but it is experiencing severe workforce challenges. To address these issues, it is necessary to consider the factors affecting employees and discouraging prospective staff. This chapter examines factors influencing the workforce shortage and provides suggestions for addressing the issues to make the industry attractive and sustainable


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