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    5533 research outputs found

    Thiol-Functionalized Mesoporous Silica for Effective Trap of Mercury in Rats

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    The chance of exposure to heavy metal for human being rises severely today due to the increasing water contamination and air pollution. Here, we prepared a series of thiol-functionalized mesoporous silica as oral formulation for the prevention and treatment of heavy metal poisoning. The successful incorporation of thiol was verified by the FTIR spectra. SBA15-SH-10 was used for the study as it is of uniform mesopores and fine water dispersibility. In simulated gastrointestinal fluid, the thiol-functionalized mesoporous silica can selectively capture heavy metal, showing a very high affinity for inorganic mercury (II). The blood and urine mercury levels of rats fed with a diet containing Hg (II) and material were significantly lower than those of rats fed with the metal-rich diet only. On the contrary, the mercury content in fecal excretion of the treatment group increased more than twice as much as that of the control group. This result indicated that SBA15-SH-10 could effectively remove mercury (II) in vivo and the mercury loaded on SBA15-SH-10 would be excreted out. Hence, SBA15-SH-10 has potential application in preventing and treating heavy metal poisoning via digestive system

    Catalytic asymmetric direct alpha-alkylation of amino esters by aldehydes via imine activation

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    Two types of BINOL-related chiral aldehydes were used as organocatalysts for the direct alpha-functionalization of N-unprotected amino esters. The first chiral aldehyde catalysed alpha-alkylation of 2-aminomalonates with 3-indolylmethanols via imine activation was reported. Various tryptophan derivatives were produced in good yields and with high enantioselectivities. A reasonable mechanism was proposed and the core intermediates were identified by high resolution mass spectroscopy (HRMS)


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    Sabian, a novel flavonoid from Sabia yunnanensis

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    A novel flavonoid, [2-(3,4-dihydroxy-phenyl)-3,5,7-trihydroxy-4-oxo-4 H -chromen-8-yl]-[8-hydroxy-7-( E -4-hydroxy-3-methyl-but-2-enyl)-2,2-dimethyl-chroman-5-yl]-acetic acid methyl ester (10), trivially named sabian, along with 11 known compounds, have been isolated from the stems and leaves of Sabia yunnanensis . Their structures were established on the basis of spectral analysis

    Enantioselective cyanosilylation of ketones by a catalytic double-activation method with an aluminium complex and an N-oxide

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    Double-activation catalysis promises high catalytic efficiency in the enantioselective cyanosilylation of ketones through the combined use of a Lewis acid and a Lewis base. Catalyst systems composed of a chiral salen-A1 complex and an N-oxide have high catalytic turnovers (200 for aromatic ketones, 1000 for aliphatic ones). With these catalysts, a wide range of aliphatic and aromatic ketones were converted under mild conditions into tertiary cyanohydrin O-TMS ethers in excellent yields and with high enantioselectivities (94% ee for aromatic ketones, 90% ee for aliphatic ones). Preliminary mechanistic studies revealed that the salen-A1 complex played the role of a Lewis acid to activate the ketone and the N-oxide that of a Lewis base to activate TMSCN; that is, double activation

    One-step synthesis of diphenyhnethanes

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    The coupling reaction of substituted toluenes themselves and the cross-coupling reaction of substituted toluene and aromatic in the presence of bromine in anhydrous CCl4 under irradiation lead to diphenylmethanes with moderate to good yields. The methylene moiety in diphenylmethanes comes from the toluene with fewer electron-donating groups, and regioselectivity was observed

    Two diterpenes and three diterpene glucosides from Phlogacanthus curviflorus

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    Two new diterpene lactones, phlogacantholides B (1) and C (2), and three new diterpene lactone glucosides, phlogacanthosides A (3), B (4), and C (5), together with lupeol, beta-sitosterol, betulin, P-daucosterol, (+)syringaresinol, and (+)-syringaresinol-4-O-beta-D-glucopyranoside, were isolated from the roots of Phlogacanthus curviflorus. Their structures were elucidated by chemical and spectroscopic evidence. The structure, including the relative configuration of phlogacantholide B (1), was confirmed by X-ray crystallographic analysis of its diacetate (6)

    Effective activation of the chiral salen/Ti(OiPr)(4) catalyst with achiral phenolic N-oxides as additives in the enantioselective cyanosilylation of ketones

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    The activation of chiral titanium(IV) complexes with phenolic N-oxides additives has been found to provide an alternative strategy for the asymmetric cyanosilylation of ketones. By using 10 mol % of chiral salen-titanium(IV) complex in combination with 1 mol% achiral phenolic N-oxide as an additive, aromatic, aliphatic and heterocyclic ketones have been converted into the corresponding cyanohydrin trimethylsilyl ethers in 58-96% yields with 56-82% ee. Several factors concerning the reactivity and enantioselectivity have been discussed. A catalytic cycle based on experimental phenomena and studies has been proposed to explain the origin of this activation and the asymmetric induction

    Effects of Increased Salinity on Growth, Development and Survival in Early Life Stages of the Green Toad Bufotes Variabilis (Anura: Bufonidae)

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    This study examined the effects of increased salinity on growth, development and survival of the Green toad, Bufotes variabilis during embryonic, hatching and early larval periods. Eggs from a single cohort of B. variabilis were subjected to acute and chronic toxicity tests for water salinity ranging from 0.20 to 10 g of salt per liter. Results obtained from this study showed that salinity over 3.70 g/l increased embryonic mortality and reduced percentage of hatching and survival rate of larvae. As larvae tolerated salinity 0.20 to 3.70 g/l with highest survival, but salinity of 10 g/l caused mortality of all individuals within 12 h, 7.70–8.70 (g/l) within 4.5 days, 5.70–6.70 g/l within 10 days and 4.70 (g/l) were tolerated within 14 days. Salinity less than 0.70 g/l did not affect survival and hatching success of the embryos. After a 3-week experiment, size of larvae exposed to salinities over 0.70 g/l was lower compared to larvae reared at lower salinity levels. Meanwhile increases in salinity more than 3.70 g/l caused extension in the hatching period. Larvae reared at salinity of 3.70 to 4.70 g/l had morphological abnormalities, such as distortion of tail


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    从根霉 30 78菌丝体的甲醇提取物中分离得到 9个化合物 ,通过波谱分析 ,鉴定为 5α,8α 表二氧 (2 0S ,2 2E ,2 4R) 麦角甾 6 ,2 2 二烯 3β 醇 (1)、甘油醇 1 单油酸酯 (2 )、4 羟基苯乙酮 (3)、4 羟基苯乙酸 (4 )、(2 0S ,2 2E ,2 4R) 麦角甾 7,2 2 二烯 3β ,5α ,6 β 三醇 (5 )、(S) 3 羟基 3 苯基丙酸 (6 )、胸腺嘧啶 (7)、尿嘧啶(8)和腺苷 (9


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