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    16219 research outputs found

    Politics, participation and the pandemic:Reflections on new democratic engagement and participatory inquiry growing-up under Covid

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    Decisions adults have made in managing the pandemic have significantly impacted upon children and young people in all spheres of their lives. Driven by a need to come to terms with the impacts of the pandemic, many children and young people have become attentive to the ways in which the crisis has been managed and, in turn, of wider social issues and events unfolding around them. In so doing, they have developed increased levels of interest in politics and current affairs, recognising their own roles as citizens and what they can do to make a difference. This paper draws on learning from the Growing-up Under Covid-19 Participatory Action Research project to reflect on some of the changing dynamics of youth participation during Covid-19 and lessons learned for future thinking and practice. The paper is situated within discourses of transformative approaches to participation and illustrates the value of information and awareness, personal learning and development and the creation of spaces for intergenerational dialogue and social learning as drivers of participation. The paper concludes with examples of ‘alternative’ community-based democratic participation modalities deemed more meaningful by young people

    Investigating the Influence of Perpetrator Gender on Public Perceptions and Media Portrayals of Teacher-Student Sexual Relationships

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    Concerns about sexual relationships between teachers and students have recently grown, with research limited about the perpetration of these crimes by female educators. In light of research gaps and theoretical controversy, this study aimed to investigate the influence of perpetrator gender on public perceptions and media portrayals of male and female sex offenders in the context of teacher-student sexual relationships. Utilizing a mixed methods design, 167 participants were presented with a vignette depicting either a male or female teacher convicted of statutory rape and completed either the attitudes towards male or female sex offender scales. Secondly, online newspaper portrayals of case studies were examined using qualitative content analysis. Findings revealed a significant difference in scores, whereby participants demonstrated more negative attitudes towards male sex offenders. The content analysis revealed three themes: accountability, perceptions of harm, and gender roles. Although portrayals of male teacher sex offenders were generally more negative, female abusers were described as equally damaging and deserving of punishment. It was concluded that gender bias that favors female perpetrators is infiltrated within public attitudes. Implications include the value of intervention and prevention strategies and improving victim reporting rates.</p

    Exploring the role UK grandfathers play in parenting culture:intermittent intensive grandfathering

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    Grandparents play an increasingly active caregiving role in contemporary family life. However, specific exploration of grandfatherhood and its practice is rare. This article explores how intensive parenting norms inform men’s performance of grandfathering in the United Kingdom, with ageing offering men a ‘second chance’ to (grand)parent in ways qualitatively different to fathering. In-depth interviews with UK grandfathers revealed that while they displayed ‘involved’ grandfatherhood and practiced elements of intensive grandfathering, this was often in typically masculine ways. Men embraced the competitive nature of intensive parenting, particularly around educational development, and advancement. Other elements of intensive parenting (e.g., expert-dependence, over-protectiveness, and self-sacrifice) were, however, overlooked. Accordingly, we introduce ‘intermittent intensive grandfathering’, recognising discontinuities in the childcare tasks that participants would/would not involve themselves

    Race and the Forms of Knowledge:Technique, Identity, and Place in Artistic Research

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    Enacts a radically interdisciplinary intersectionality to position performance-based research in solidarity with decolonialityThis boldly innovative work interrogates the form and meaning of artistic research (also called practice research, performance as research, and research-creation), examining its development within the context of predominately white institutions that have enabled and depoliticized it while highlighting its radical potential when reframed as a lineage of critical whiteness practice.Ben Spatz crafts a fluid yet critical new framework, explored via a series of case studies that includes Spatz’s own practice-as-research, to productively confront hegemonic modes of white writing and white institutionality. Ultimately taking jewishness as a paradigmatically “molecular” identity—variously configured as racial, ethnic, religious, or national—they offer a series of concrete methodological and formal proposals for working at the intersections of embodied identities, artistic techniques, and alternative forms of knowledge.Race and the Forms of Knowledge: Technique, Identity, and Place in Artistic Research takes inspiration from recent critical studies of blackness and indigeneity to show how artistic research is always involved in the production and transformation of identity. Spatz offers a toolkit of practical methods and concepts—from molecular identities to audiovisual ethnotechnics and earthing the laboratory—for reimagining the university and other contemporary institutions

    The comfort and functional performance of personal protective equipment for police officers:A systematic scoping review

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    This scoping review aimed to identify and summarise evidence on the comfort and functional performance of police officer personal protective equipment (PPE). The Arksey and O’Malley (2005) five-stage framework for scoping reviews was followed. PubMed, CINAHL, Scopus, and Web of Science were searched, and 35 articles were included in the review. The findings show that increased police PPE mass increases heart rate, metabolic energy expenditure, and perceived exertion in response to exercise. Unisex armour designs cause increased discomfort for females with larger bra sizes. PPE reduces joint-specific range of motion, with the design and location impairing movement more than mass. Jumping and sprinting performance is decreased with heavy PPE but unaffected by lighter protection, while agility is compromised with most forms of protection. Future research is needed on the fit and function of PPE for specialist police units, such as mounted police, along with further investigations on how fit can affect functional performance.</p

    I-AM-Bird:A Deep Learning Approach to Detect Amazonian Bird Species in Residential Environments

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    The Amazon presents several challenges, such as recognizing and monitoring its birdlife. It is known that bird records are shared by many bird watchers in citizen science initiatives, including by residents who observe birds feeding at their home feeders. In this context, the work proposed an approach based on deep learning to automatically detect species of Amazonian birds that frequent residential feeders. To this end, a data set consisting of 940 images captured by 3 webcams installed in a residential feeder was collected. In total, 1,836 birds of 5 species were recorded and annotated. Then, we used the dataset to train different configurations of the Faster R-CNN detector. Considering the IoU threshold at 50%, the best model achieved an mAP of 98.33%, an mean precision of 95.96%, and an mean recall of 98.82%. The results also allow us to drive future works to develop a monitoring system for these species in a citizen science initiative

    Malik, Manzoor

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    Situating halal:religiosity, identity and lifestyle in halal consumption in the United Kingdom and United Arab Emirates

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    In this paper we draw on a study of Muslim consumer perceptions and concerns about halal labels and certification practices in two affluent countries: the United Kingdom (UK) (where Muslims are a minority of the population) and United Arab Emirates (UAE) (where Muslims are the majority). The study looked at a stratified sample of 330 Muslim consumers in each country. Our analysis points to a growing demand for variety alongside increasing concern for the presence of food additives, GMOs, and alcohol in both cases. Expanding demands to label food and other commodities suitable for Muslims with information about quality and standards of production (Gauthier, 2021) are globalising trends, which Muslims everywhere engage with through ‘an Islamic lens – halal’ (Turaeva and Brose, 2020: 301). Our paper wants to address the gap in the literature that very little is known about how consumers perceive the halal concept regarding foodstuffs (see Demirci et al. 2016), and it argues that the expansion and segmentation of halal markets suggest that religious consumerism is affected by religious groups, but also by supply chain actors and that these markets cannot be controlled by religious authorities. Our research findings provide fresh insight into the existing understanding of religion and consumption, pointing to the geographical specificities of processes of politicization of halal consumption: the rise of new Muslim youth subcultures in the UK and the coexistence of growing processes of secularization with ‘halalization’ in the UAE

    Does Eco-Innovation of Emerging Market Firms Benefit from Knowledge Spillovers of MNC in a Multi-dimensional Task Environment?

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    Taking a socially proactive stance that aligns to their economic imperatives has led multinational corporations (MNCs) to focus on social innovation that tackles environmental challenges (or eco-innovation hereafter). Their knowledge of eco-innovation is important to emerging markets that are facing severe environmental challenges and to emerging market firms (EMFs) whose eco-innovation activities face resource and knowledge constraints. MNCs, through their foreign direct investment (FDI) activities in host emerging markets, can divulge economic, knowledge and environmental values of eco-innovation, helping EMFs to improve their eco-innovation through knowledge spillover channels. Taking the value-based approach, we draw on the eco-innovation research and the MNC/FDI spillovers literature to develop hypotheses on the relationship between regional knowledge spillovers of MNCs and the eco-innovation of EMFs in a multi-dimensional task environment characterized by munificence, complexity and dynamism. Our empirical examination is based on a sample of Chinese manufacturing firms during the period of 2003-2013. We find support to hypotheses that regional knowledge spillovers of MNCs enhance the positive effects of munificence and mitigate the negative effects of complexity and dynamism on the eco-innovation of EMFs

    Economic evaluation of pharmacy services:a systematic review of the literature (2016–2020)

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    BackgroundEconomic evaluation is crucial for healthcare decision-makers to select effective interventions. An updated systematic review of the economic evaluation of pharmacy services is required in the current healthcare environment.AimTo conduct a systematic review of literature on economic evaluation of pharmacy services.MethodLiterature (2016–2020) was searched on PubMed, Web of Sciences, Scopus, ScienceDirect, and SpringerLink. An additional search was conducted in five health economic-related journals. The studies performed an economic analysis describing pharmacy services and settings. The reviewing checklist for economic evaluation was used for quality assessment. The incremental cost-effectiveness ratio and willingness-to-pay threshold were the main measures for cost-effective analysis (CEA) and cost-utility analysis (CUA), while cost-saving, cost–benefit-ratio (CBR), and net benefit were used for cost-minimization analysis (CMA) and cost–benefit analysis (CBA).ResultsForty-three articles were reviewed. The major practice settings were in the USA (n = 6), the UK (n = 6), Canada (n = 6), and the Netherlands (n = 6). Twelve studies had good quality according to the reviewing checklist. CUA was used most frequently (n = 15), followed by CBA (n = 12). Some inconsistent findings (n = 14) existed among the included studies. Most agreed (n = 29) that pharmacy services economically impact the healthcare system: hospital-based (n = 13), community pharmacy (n = 13), and primary care (n = 3). Pharmacy services were found to be cost-effectiveness or cost-saving among both developed (n = 32) and in developing countries (n = 11).ConclusionThe increased use of economic evaluation of pharmacy services confirms the worth of pharmacy services in improving patients’ health outcomes in all settings. Therefore, economic evaluation should be incorporated into developing innovative pharmacy services

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