6865 research outputs found
A better understanding of antibiotic dosing in the critically ill will go a long way to enhancing the longevity of what is becoming an increasingly scarce resource. There are no new antibiotic classes nearing clinical production. We believe that correct antibiotic dosing will limit the increasing burden of antimicrobial resistance, minimise therapeutic failures and, most importantly, improve patient outcomes.
This is the second guideline from the Emergency Medicine Society of South Africa (EMSSA) on the use of emergency point-of-care ultrasound in South Africa. It supersedes and replaces the guidelines produced in 2009. This document contains information on the changes from the 2009 guidelines and details of the training and credentialing processes recommended by EMSSA. It also contains detailed information on the curricula of the Core Emergency Point-of-Care Ultrasound and Advanced Emergency Point-of-Care Ultrasound courses
Background. There has been a steady increase in the use of electronic media and instant messaging among healthcare professionals, where it has been almost universally adopted in the workplace. The use of WhatsApp and its perceived benefits in healthcare have been extensively studied; however, there are concerns regarding the potential for ethical breaches in confidentiality through shared electronic patient information.Objectives. To identify the usage characteristics and incidence of shared patient information with WhatsApp use in a team of medical doctors in an unobserved and unregulated setting.Methods. We conducted a retrospective cross-sectional content analysis of WhatsApp messages (n=3 340) among a team of 20 doctors in a South African district hospital over 6 months. All messages found within this time period were allocated unique identifiers. The text and image messages were thematically grouped into four categories, i.e. clinical care, resource allocation, social and administrative. Messages that contained patient-identifying information were included in the analysis.Results. Of a total of 3 340 messages sent, 220 (6.6%) contained patient-identifying information. Of these, 109 (3.3%) contained non-anonymised patient information, while in 111 (3.3%) messages, the information was anonymised. The likelihood of sharing patient identifiers was proportionally much higher in shared images (odds ratio (OR) 5.1; 95% confidence interval (CI) 3.2 - 8.2; p<0.0001) compared with text messages, and in messages that related to clinical care (OR 9.3; 95% CI 2.2 - 38.8; p=0.0023) compared with those sent for resource allocation, and social or administrative purposes.Conclusions. Non-anonymised patient identifiers were found in 3.3% of messages, constituting the potential for breaching patient confidentiality. While WhatsApp groups have significant utility in co-ordinating aspects of clinical care, resource allocation, as well as social and administrative functions, the safe use of WhatsApp should be promoted to ensure that patient confidentiality is maintained