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Bates College: SCARAB (Scholarly Communication and Research at Bates)
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    A World Class Lithium Deposit In Western Maine; Fascinating Minerals, Big Problems with Old Maps, Intriguing Links to Paleoclimate, and the Tectonic Evolution of Western Maine.

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    Recording of the talk A World Class Lithium Deposit In Western Maine; Fascinating Minerals, Big Problems with Old Maps, Intriguing Links to Paleoclimate, and the Tectonic Evolution of Western Maine at the Geology, Minerals, Energy, and Geophysics Science Center in Portland, OR which took place on January 11, 2024

    Green Toys: an analysis on toy companies through an environmental lens

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    This is a podcast dedicated to uncovering and sharing the impact large toy companies that rely heavily on plastic have on the environment. Sustainability has increasingly become a major concern in the focus of large corporations. In recent times, we’ve seen public interest shifting towards holding companies accountable for what they use to make their products with. People want to know that when they buy products for themselves or loved ones, they aren’t buying cheap, disposable products from a company that sends a bad message. In this podcast, I discuss different toy companies, such as LEGO and Mattel, and some of their main products, considering how they are (or aren’t) being sustainable

    The Making of Fishable and Swimmable: The Ecological and Socio-Cultural Impacts of the Clean Water Act in the Androscoggin River Valley

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    This is a historical analysis of the ecological and social impacts of the passage of the Clean Water Act of 1972 (CWA) within the Androscoggin River Valley. The clean water movement for pollution abatement on the Androscoggin River is analyzed through a scientific and socio-cultural lens to see how successfully the CWA was at improving the water quality of the river and how it changed how river valley residents related to the river. This thesis uses a comparative analysis at two separate time periods, 1940-1972 and 1972 to 2023 to analyze the act\u27s impacts. Through research and interviews this thesis looks at the improvements in water quality spurred on by the CWA and the multivalent perspectives on the rivers transformation from an industrial to a recreational river

    Unveiling Realities: Building Trans Visibility in Climate Discourse

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    Trans and gender-diverse individuals bear a disproportionate burden of the impacts of climate change. Despite this, their climate-specific needs and challenges remain inadequately researched and underrepresented in both climate change discourse and governance spaces. My Senior Capstone Project draws public attention to the unique experiences and vulnerabilities of trans individuals within the broader context of climate-related issues, and advocates for their inclusion and resilience. My three public writing pieces delve into various dimensions of this intersection, understanding how climate change affects transgender individuals, emphasizing the importance of including transgender voices in climate justice and governance discussions, highlighting the resilience of transgender individuals in the face of climate challenges, and proposing new models for mapping and addressing trans-specific vulnerabilities to climate change

    The Examination of the Integration of Indigenous Knowledge in International Climate Discourse within the UNFCCC

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    This thesis examines how Indigenous knowledge is integrated into climate change legislation at the UN and UNFCCC levels, as well as how Indigenous knowledge is shared and who are the members of the Indigenous community doing the sharing. Through the analysis of policy relevant texts, the study reveals that the current approach to this integration can be characterized as extractive colonialism. The research employs discourse analysis and thematic coding to identify and analyze five central themes in three policy relevant texts. The findings highlight the historical entrenchment of the UN and UNFCCC in colonial histories, leading to a tendency to undervalue the intrinsic worth of Indigenous knowledge within Indigenous communities. The sharing of Indigenous knowledge is explored, emphasizing its complexity beyond the mere transfer of ideas. The research underlines the concern that knowledge sharing, when not approached with a genuine understanding of its significance and without considering individual perspectives, can become an extractive action. The profound value that Indigenous culture places on knowledge is emphasized, recognizing it not only as a repository of personal histories but also as a crucial aspect of identity. The study advocates for a more inclusive approach that acknowledges both the knowledge and its holders to facilitate a meaningful exchange of insights within Indigenous communities

    Will Eating Them Beat Them? Establishing Culinary Markets for the European Green Crab

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    The European green crab (Carcinus maenas) is one of the most destructive invasive species in the world’s marine environment. Since its arrival, this crab has wreaked havoc on Maine’s fragile marine ecosystems and their reliant economies. Across the northeast Atlantic seaboard, this crab has perpetuated the long-term degradation of eelgrass habitats and significantly reduced bivalve, crab, and finfish populations. Furthermore, its dense population levels threaten Maine’s softshell clam fishery, marine ecosystems, and threaten the future of Maine’s most beloved crustacean, the American Lobster. Given the green crab\u27s remarkable reproductive persistence and high rates, regional mitigation efforts have shifted away from the unattainable goal of total eradication. Instead, the focus has transitioned to achieving functional eradication, involving the reduction of green crab populations below critical thresholds to minimize ecosystem impacts. While various regions and localities have explored diverse approaches to this method, none have fully harnessed the vast economic potential inherent in this abundant resource. In recent years, a burgeoning movement has gained momentum, aiming to extract green crabs from waters and integrate them into culinary markets. Several dedicated individuals have spearheaded this initiative. Establishing commercial markets for green crabs serves a dual purpose: not only does it alleviate the pressure of these ubiquitous predators on delicate marine ecosystems, but it also offers a strategic avenue to diversify Maine\u27s fisheries and economies amidst the uncertainties brought about by climate-induced unpredictability. Collaborative efforts between harvesters, researchers, chefs, and policymakers would transform the green crab into a sought-after resource whose harvest addresses ecological concerns and opens avenues for economic and environmental sustainability in Maine. Link to the capstone\u27s website: https://elysse.bates-catapult.net

    Fall 2022 Student Textbook Survey Results

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    During the Fall 2022 semester, eleven Oberlin Group institutions in association with the Open and Equitable Access to Scholarship Working Group conducted a student textbook survey adapted from the 2016 Florida Virtual Campus survey and the 2019 Gettysburg College survey. The goal of the project was to gain a better understanding of how the costs of course materials impact our own students. This presentation provides an overview of those results as well as action steps libraries can take to better support our students. This study was coordinated by the Oberlin Group - Open and Equitable Working Group

    I\u27ll Wear a Bulletproof Vest to Work : State Centralization and Local Election Officials\u27 Resilience to the Big Lie

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    This thesis examines how misinformation, incendiary rhetoric, and conspiracy theories that Donald Trump was the rightful winner of the 2020 presidential election — the “Big Lie” — have affected local election officials\u27 ability to conduct free and fair elections. This is a study of how the assault and harassment of local election officials, motivated by the Big Lie, have impacted their ability to retain staff and recruit new staff. Additionally, this thesis considers the highly decentralized nature of election administration across all fifty states. Some states have centralized election laws and administration at the state level while other, decentralized, states’ election administration varies from county to county or even township to township. The four states investigated range from highly decentralized to highly centralized. The metrics I use to determine state centralization are 1) what election costs do the states pay for 2) what type of training for election officials does the state require, and 3) are there uniform voting and voter registration procedures across the state? This study examines whether the level of centralization impacts local election officials’ resiliency amid increasing election denialism and threats to electoral integrity

    Reel 113 -- WQXR recording: Brahms, Trio in A Minor; Undated

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    WQXR--FM by Mert Koplin; Intro to Brahms Trio in A Minor for Clarinet, Piano and Cello, Op. 114. Played by David Glazer, Frank Glazer, and David Soyer

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