European Online Journal of Natural and Social Sciences (ES)
Not a member yet
    1992 research outputs found

    (*Review Article) Research on Privatization Reform of China's Loss-making Public Utilities

    Get PDF
    In this paper, an exposition of the background of China's privatization reform in public utilities, along with an analysis of the reform's content and effectiveness, is presented and organized based on relevant public administration theory and practice. Secondly, a thorough examination of the factors constituting the primary obstacle in China's privatization reform of public utilities is undertaken. Addressing issues arising from private companies pursuing profit while public utility entities seek to avoid losses, it is argued that the incomplete reform of government functions, the constraints of traditional ideology, and the lack of supervision in the privatization of public utilities contribute to these challenges. Finally, recommendations for loss-making public utilities in the privatization reform are put forth. These involve further reforms in the utilities' business model, the establishment of new operational and service paradigms, and the enhancement of government support,regulatory measures,and coordination during the reform process. These measures aim to address the existing challenges in China's loss-making public utilities during the privatization reform

    Evaluation and Optimization of Building Greening Methods in Four Different Climates Using Building Information Modeling (BIM)

    Get PDF
    BIM, which stands for Building Information Modeling, is a methodology that allows architects to digitally simulate their design and manage all the information related to an architectural project. BIM systems include the fourth dimension (time dimension) and the fifth dimension (cost dimension). On the other hand, sustainable development is a complex concept that includes different aspects. In sustainability, the three economic, environmental, and social aspects are fully interacting with each other, and most researchers examine sustainability in these three main aspects (Triple Bottom Line) of environmental, social, and economic sustainability. Therefore, in this research, we have examined four objectives, which first evaluate the impact of building orientation on reducing energy consumption by using building information modeling (BIM) and determine the most optimal direction. Then we examine the effect of the placement of skylights and openings on reducing energy consumption by using building information modeling (BIM). Finally, we examine the effect of using green facades and building smartness on the energy consumption of the building. Finally, by comparing the results obtained from the Design-Builder software, the most optimal modes are determined

    Providing a Pattern and Planning Method for Footpaths and Sidewalks to Protect Deteriorated and Vulnerable Urban Contexts

    Get PDF
    This research seeks to answer this question to prevent the waste of capital in routes without potential and allocate facilities and facilities to routes with potential to encourage people to move on foot on short trips. Through what criteria and indicators can the existing potential of the roads be measured, and as a result, by finding the optimal routes for pedestrian traffic, one of the most important problems of the public's lack of acceptance of non-motorized transportation can be solved. At first, by using the descriptive-analytical research method, through library studies, the existing literature in this field and also the experiences of other countries of the world and Iran have been investigated. In this way, the theoretical framework of the research has been formed and effective criteria and indicators have been extracted in measuring the potential of roads for pedestrian movement. In this way, four criteria of land use, traffic safety, security, attractiveness, and comfort have been defined. The extracted criteria and sub-criteria are valued through the process of hierarchical analysis and the Delphi method. In the next step, by using the case-based research method, the data related to the sub-criteria at the level of the roads in the study area are collected through observation and interview entered into the geographic information system, and finally analyzed by the geographic information system and in some cases, The layout of the space (to measure the network continuity) is done and the routes with potential for pedestrian movement are extracted. Finally, from the summation of the weighted values obtained for each of the roads regarding land use criteria, traffic safety, security attractiveness, and comfort, the final score of each of the roads in the study area (intended statistical population) about the potential Passages are obtained to create suitable routes for pedestrian traffic

    Assessment of Improved Tef (Eragrostis tef L.) Varieties for Yield and Yield Related Traits at Nono Benja and Cheliya Districts, Oromia, Ethiopia

    Get PDF
    Tef (Eragrostis tef) is one of the most important and strategic cereal crop grown to drought prone areas of Ethiopia. Genetic variability, genotypic correlations and yield components are prerequisite for selection of crop breeding, cultivation of improved varieties that provides optimum seed yield is one of the major constraints of the crop. The present study was aimed to investigate the adaptive and best performing tef varieties based on their yield and related traits under rain fed conditions at Nono Benja and Celia districts in Ethiopia. The experiment was conducted by using split plot design with three replications, sixteen improved varieties and one local landrace. The combined analysis of variance revealed that varieties were significantly different for studied characters except panicle length, total tiller number and spikelet length. The mean yields of nine improved  varieties (Dukem, Asgori, Tesfa, Negus, Quncho, Kora, Koye, Boset and key tena) were relatively higher than the local check comparing with mean values of grain yield ranged from Welkomi (372.08 kg/ ha) to Dukem (1315.41 kg/ ha).Grain yields were studied high in four varieties across two locations were (Dukem (1315.4 kg/ ha), asgori (1279.6 kg/ ha), Tesfa (1206.02 kg/ ha), Negus (1072.61 kg/ ha) with 72.8%, 68.2%, 58.5 %, and 41% over local check. The genotypic coefficient variation was observed that from 4.6% to 82.9% for loading index and the phenotypic coefficient variation range from 5.8% to 91.0% for loading index at Cheliya, respectively, the fertilizer application (0, 60/40 P/N kgha-1) showed highly differences among all traits except in GFP, PH and TGW traits. The varieties Gibe, Koye, Boset, Gimbichu, Enat and Kora were observed highly strong association with the environment, similarly Asgori and Gedo varieties were showed highly significant and strong connection with the environment Nono Benja with fertilization. Results reveal that the correlation studies provide a better understanding of yield components during the selection of tef genotypes

    An Empirical Study on English Learning Beliefs for Art Students in Higher Vocational College

    Get PDF
    English teaching methodology is the external factor of learning rather than internal factor that can play a decisive role in learning to a large extent. Many researchers have gradually switched their attention to probing into various factors that affect English achievements from the perspective of students, which is called individual differences research and have become one of the research priorities. What beliefs learners hold will have direct influence on the choice of English learning strategies as well as the ultimate effect of learning. For this reason, vocational English teachers should strive to help students establish positive and beneficial English learning beliefs and get rid of the negative and detrimental English learning beliefs, with a view to helping them to improve their English proficiency

    Banyuwangi Rebound: A Tourism Potrait at the Eastern Tip of Java Island

    Get PDF
    The Covid-19 pandemic has made tourism industry suffered from sharp decline due to massively reduced tourists demand which also accompanied by implementation of government policy of Large Scale Social Restriction (Pembatasan Sosial Berskala Besar/PSBB). It also affected Banyuwangi Regency where number of tourists were decreased and weakened its tourism industry, where in some areas many tourism industries dwindling and at some extent drove several tourism industries went out of business. Therefore, the purpose of this research is to find out of how Banyuwangi Regency able to revive its tourism industry in the new normal era. This study aimed to analyse on how Banyuwangi Rebound maximizes its natural and cultural tourism potentials to develop its tourism industry. Research method applied in this study was a qualitative method. The result of the study showed that by geographical perspective, the location of Banyuwangi Regency supports these areas to have many interesting natural potentials such as Ijen Crater (Kawah Ijen) and Red Island (Pulau Merah). Not only that, the local people or natives of Banyuwangi Regency known as the Using tribe also have unique cultures including Seblang, Gandrung Dance, and Kebo-keboan. Banyuwangi Rebound packages many unique and interesting natural also attractive tourism potentials into one tourism attraction and be integrated to the Banyuwangi Festival Calendar and the Banyuwangitourism app so that it can attract tourists to visit Banyuwangi Regency as their tourism destination

    “Teacher-Student-University”: A Three-Party Game in China Higher Education

    Get PDF
    Teaching process monitoring and effectiveness evaluation is the core part of higher education management, which is the most important guarantee to maintain the normal teaching order and effectiveness of higher education institutions and ensure students' rights and interests. According to the three-party game model of "Teacher-Student-University", the willingness of teachers to enforce the teaching regulations and the motivation of collusion with students are influenced by the cost of supervision and punishment of the university. The university can invest more in institutional costs, human capital etc., and strengthen the penalties, to enhance the motivation of teachers and students to take the teaching regulations seriously and improve the effectiveness of teaching

    (*Review Article) The Integrated Application of Communicative Approach and Situational Teaching Method in Business English Teaching

    Get PDF
    With the prevailing trend of economic globalization, Business English has become an important language tool for people to pursue international business activities. Business English is a branch of English for specific purpose, which is different from general English on teaching method. As a result, the exploration of suitable teaching methods is of great importance. The thesis makes a comprehensive summary about the distinction and the inner connections of Communicative Approach and Situational Teaching Method, analyzes the merits and demerits of them in teaching by reading the books and literature research on the subject, and comparing the collected materials. The Communicative Approach and the Situational Teaching Method can meet the requirements of Business English to the most degree. The Communicative Approach can inspire the positivity and initiative of the students, improve the practicality and purpose of language, and develop their innovating sense. As for the Situational Teaching Method, it is a good method to change the boring atmosphere of the class into a wonderful language environment. This thesis explores the integrated application of Communicative Approach and Situational Teaching Method in Business English teaching by taking the advantages of them to strengthen the enjoyment and interactivity, so then enhance the effect and quality of English teaching. The analysis and exploration of the application of Communicative Approach and Situational Teaching Method in Business English teaching provides certain reference significance in improving the Business English teaching mode, and even the whole English teaching system

    English Communication Today: Problems and Perspectives on Communicating in English in the Technical Colleges of Tamilnadu

    Get PDF
    The growing popularity of engineering education and seeking employment in MNCs have boosted the technical students to use English language for both academics and professional communication. This paper examines the prevailing academic and socioethnic influences on L2 learning and discusses about the problems and perspectives of the students and the efforts taken by the management, English and subject faculties in promoting English communication in the technical campus. Qualitative ethnographic case study approach is undertaken to comparatively analyze and discuss about how different instructional strategies and tools are used for creating English zone in the three technical colleges of Tamilnadu. The result shows that literally the students are not able to use English with greater accuracy and hence they favour bilingual teaching. But their strategy awareness towards seeking L2 helps them to use it for seeking knowledge and to engage in open tasks for facilitating interactional communication

    Effect of Competitive Intelligence Dimensions on Effectiveness of Marketing Strategies: A Path Analysis Approach

    Get PDF
    One of the features of new organizations is the accumulation of excessive knowledge on a competitive scale, so that the information enhancement in organizations and the need for their analysis and proper and logical use in organizational decisions within the last two decades has led to the emergence of a phenomenon called Competitive Intelligence. Competitive Intelligence is considered as a strategic management tool and also as one of the world fastest domains in business development. The objective of this article is to identify the impact rate and prioritization of the categories and components of competitive intelligence patterns together with the effectiveness of marketing strategies in order to increase awareness and provide a better recognition of operational and executive solutions. In this paper, after introducing a competitive intelligence pattern, we used a questionnaire to identify the pattern components impact on the effect of marketing strategies among the Food Industry staff in Sari who were selected by stratified random sampling. The statistical analysis has shown that quality differences, barriers to entry and price sensitivity components and also competitive rivalries category have had the greatest impact on the effectiveness of marketing strategies


    full texts


    metadata records
    Updated in last 30 days.
    European Online Journal of Natural and Social Sciences (ES) is based in Czechia
    Access Repository Dashboard
    Do you manage Open Research Online? Become a CORE Member to access insider analytics, issue reports and manage access to outputs from your repository in the CORE Repository Dashboard! 👇