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    Digital Reading Environments as a Teaching Tool in the Secondary Classroom

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    The goal of this paper is to investigate the use of digital reading environments as a teaching tool within the secondary classroom. The use of a digital reading environment in a secondary classroom has the potential to support both struggling readers and readers who excel. While this new learning tool is beneficial for increasing literacy skills and reading comprehension it also has the potential to bring life to inquiry based learning. This paper looks closely at how digital learning environments can enhance reading comprehension, vocabulary, and critical literacy skills.Department of Teaching and LearningPeabody College of Education and Human Developmen

    On Reading the Diplomatic Letters in the Mari Archives

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    "...one of my main points today is that when we read a document with political information we cannot afford to «let it speak for itself,» but must prod it to betray the motivation behind its writing. We should keep in mind that the transfer of information during the Mari age was so rampant that these peripatetic Amorites could be rated among the most garrulous people of antiquity. Kings, their commanders, their entourage, their kith and kin, their vassals, their allies and their enemies travelled near, far and surprisingly often. Since their security, welfare, and authority depended on their kings, officials were determined not to be forgotten, whether they themselves or their kings were on the road. They therefore delivered to their rulers the tidbits and gossips they picked up, thus demonstrating their loyalty and usefulness."Divinity Schoo

    Ricordi figurativi ne La stanza del vescovo di Piero Chiara

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    Vanderbilt University. Dept. of French and ItalianVanderbilt University. College of Arts and Scienc

    Exposé and Excess

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    English DepartmentCollege of Arts and Scienc

    The Cambridge Dictionary of Christianity Bibliography: O

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    Bibliographies for entries Coptic Orthodox Church through Ukrainian Orthodox Church in The Cambridge Dictionary of Christianity

    The Cambridge Dictionary of Christianity Bibliography: R

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    Bibliographies for entries Racism Cluster through Ryerson, Egerton in The Cambridge Dictionary of Christianity

    Sex Differences in Positive Emotions within Appraisal Theory

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    A study examining the way that men and women understand, express, and experience positive emotions differently. Completed under the direction of Professor Leslie Kirby in PSY296b, Honors ResearchThe psychological study of positive emotions is a relatively new and underdeveloped area of inquiry. This study examines sex differences in the understanding, experience, and expression of positive emotions. Our participants (N=108) responded to multiple questionnaires and surveys looking at affect, emotional differentiation abilities, appraisal style, emotional elicitors, and language surrounding positive emotions. Women and men exhibited equal ability to differentiate positive emotions. Women’s positive emotion experiences were more tied into social experiences than were men’s. Men experienced pride in response to a broader array of experiences than did women. Taken together, our findings suggest that there are some significant differences in the ways that women and men understand, experience, and express positive emotions.Vanderbilt UniversityPsychological SciencesThesis completed in partial fulfillment of the requirements of the Honors Program in Psychological Sciences under the Direction of Dr. Leslie Kirby and Dr. Craig Smith

    Adolescent Brain Science After Graham v. Florida

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    In Graham v. Florida, the Supreme Court held that the Eighth Amendment prohibits a sentence of life without possibility of parole for a non-homicide crime committed when the offender was under the age of eighteen. In an earlier Article, The False Promise of Adolescent Brain Science in Juvenile Justice, this author noted the pendency of Graham and its companion case, in which petitioners and their amici offered neuroscientific arguments closely paralleling those made by the defendant in Roper v. Simmons. Kennedy’s opinion in Graham clarified what his opinion in Roper had left ambiguous: the Court believes neuroscience relevant to general propositions as to the normal developmental course of adolescence. As the cases’ potential impact was set to one side in False Promise, the Essay both supplements that Article and reflects on its conclusions. I predict that Graham’s most dramatic effects will have little to do with developmental neuroscience. Its most significant downstream effects likely will manifest in evaluation of term-of-years sentencing and opportunities for parole. As to adolescent brain science, I argue that the Graham Court gave it the maximum weight it presently can bear. The decision therefore provides welcome support for legal policy-makers - whether in courts or legislatures - who seek to draw modestly on such science in reinforcing commitments to the special legal status of youth. But the predictable post-Graham temptation to place even greater weight on developmental neuroscience should - for the many reasons articulated in False Promise, which remain unaltered - be resisted

    The Changing Meaning of "Gift": An Analysis of the Tax Court's Decision in "Carson v. Commissioner"

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    The complexity of detail that characterizes the Internal Revenue Code (Code) has been the subject of intense criticism and only faint praise. Yet, one of the more striking anomalies of the Code is that its often suffocating detail coexists with the sparest definitions of many key terms. The term "gift" is a prime example. Although its meaning plays an instrumental role in income and gift taxation, the Code nowhere defines the term. As a result, the task of fleshing out its meaning has largely fallen on the Treasury, through the issuance of regulations and rulings, and on the courts, which over the years have crafted a unique common law

    Realigning Corporate Governance: Shareholder Activism by Labor Unions

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    This paper investigates the increased shareholder activism by labor unions and their pension funds, who are now the most aggressive institutional shareholders. Sometimes unions propose traditional corporate-governance measures through procedures familiar to shareholders. Only the union sponsor is novel. But recently unions have pushed innovative methods to get corporations to listen to shareholder complaints. These methods include mandatory amendment of corporate by-laws by shareholders and floor proposals submitted for a shareholder vote at the annual meeting. Unions as shareholders have conflicting roles. We distinguish union-shareholder initiatives designed to further unions' traditional organizing and collective bargaining goals from those that enhance unions' role as a participant in strategic corporate decisions, a newer vision of the union role. With either the traditional or new role, the union shareholder can fight management in ways that benefit other shareholders, or can benefit workers at the expense of other shareholders. We use this framework to describe labor unions' current voting initiatives. From the labor perspective, unions themselves recognize the need for new approaches - including approaches that do not reflexively regard efficiency and profitability as goals of "enemy" shareholders. From the corporate perspective, unions need new approaches because they have remained peripheral players in the boardroom despite their vast stock holdings. We find legal reform to be unnecessary, because existing legal and market checks adequately constrain potential opportunistic union behavior. These checks include the fiduciary structure of Taft-Hartley union pension funds; the need to persuade other self-interested shareholders to vote for union initiatives; and the disciplinary power of capital markets, product markets, and the market for corporate control. These forces adequately limit labor unions' ability to expropriate more corporate value for their members, if they would choose to pursue that course of action. Finally, we suggest that union-shareholder activism may have long-lasting effects on unions' role in corporate governance, but only if unions focus their shareholder voting initiatives in areas where they have special advantages in monitoring management. If unions can package their proposals in ways that emphasize to other shareholders ways in which the two groups' interests are aligned, then union-shareholder activism may become an important force in corporate governance. Note: An earlier version was published in CSFLA No. 38 under the title, "Labor Unions as Shareholders: Careful Monitors or Wildcat Strikers.
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