National Institute of Japanese Literature Repository / 国文学研究資料館学術情報リポジトリ
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    第42回 国際日本文学研究集会会議録――表紙、中表紙、目次、奥付――

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    Cover and contents. Studies in Japanese Literature and Culture. VOLUME 3: INTERACTION OF KNOWLEDGE

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    Medieval Buddhism and Music: Musical Notation and the Recordability of the Voice

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    Abstracts of Papers\n

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    National Institute of Japanese Literature 2019

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     13世紀以来、イタリア北中部では都市政府による記録文書の保存と管理が本格的に開始された。干潟の大商業都市ヴェネツィアも例外ではなく、15世紀以降に書記局を中心に過去の記録を整理し、文書形成と管理を拡大的に整備・進展させ、現在でも、ヨーロッパで有数の量の記録文書を伝え際だった存在感を示す。 これまで、ヴェネツィアの文書管理については、書記局官僚の形成とともに、主に都市政府による統治・行政の範囲内で解明が進んできた。一方で、都市政府という枠組みの外にある民間実践については、十分な検討が進んでこなかった。 そこで、本稿では、13世紀に成立し、15世紀以降に都市の主要な慈善団体の1つとして近世まで大きな存在感を有し続けた大規模宗教兄弟会を事例にして、同団体による文書管理を検討する。それによって、慣習法の蓄積への対応に追われた都市政府による管理との類似性が指摘されるとともに、15世紀から16世紀前半にかけて多くの遺産管理を担うことになった同団体の事情が文書管理に及ぼした影響も考察される。また、本稿の事例によって、都市ヴェネツィアにおける幅広い<アーカイブズ実践>の社会状況についての一端を明らかにすることも期待される

    研究発表 知の不安定性の力――藤原清輔と藤原俊成の歌論の分析からみた中世における『万葉集』の受容について――

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    What happens to knowledge when we gain access to new information and take into account more variables? The answer is obvious – it updates and it changes. In this presentation, I trace how generations of reception and appropriation of Man’yōshū (759-785), the first extant poetry collection in Japanese, have been affected by the poetic discourse, instability of knowledge and channels through which knowledge is carried, and existence of various manuscripts of Man’yōshū in the early medieval era. I deal with two allegedly rival schools – Rokujō and Mikohidari – and two of their representatives – Fujiwara Kiyosuke (1104-1177) and Fujiwara Shunzei (1114-1204). I examine their Man’yōshū reception strategy by analyzing their poetry criticism (karon). My approach is, however, to see them not only as binaries and rivals, but above all as representing continuous stages in the development of the Japanese poetic tradition.The results of my research lead me to a conclusion that the Mikohidari poets, considered to be specialists on the Heian period tales like Genji monogatari, paid much more attention to Man’yōshū scholarship than it is currently acknowledged. Moreover, I argue that the process of modifying the waka tradition in fact started with Kiyosuke, not with Shunzei. The Mikohidari poets took over this process after Kiyosuke’s death, claimed a big part of the Rokujō tradition, and established themselves as modernizers of the poetic craft. The two poets and schools had thus much more in common than is usually acknowledged but they utilized the idea of their rivalry as a tool in pursuit of their goals – to attract potential patrons and thus gain power through knowledge. The Rokujō-Mikohidari rivalry, being the most definitive frameworks for discussing the two schools, is a result of variability of texts and knowledge owned by the two schools. This implies that the common knowledge about waka or Man’yōshū in the early medieval era was much more indefinite than we currently believe. Such instability was possible due to the existence of the already-established poetic discourse that lay beyond the Rokujō and Mikohidari labels; discourse was a shared space where the circulated knowledge continues to be added, replaced, modified and negotiated. In fact, the fluidity of knowledge enabled the poets to use it to their advantage by various mechanisms of stabilizing their line of knowledge transmission; instability of texts and knowledge gave them power


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