Jurnal Elektronik Universitas Cenderawasih

    FORMULASI KEBIJAKAN PEMEKARAN WILAYAH DISTRIK DI PROVINSI PAPUA (KAJIAN TERHADAP PERATURAN PEMERINTAH NO. 17 TAHUN 2018)

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    The purpose of this research is to highlight two things, namely, first, the issue of the process of determining the policy agenda for the expansion of districts in Papua Province. Second, the determinants that support and hinder the division of the District in Papua Province. The research method used is descriptive qualitative. With the research location in Papua Province. The technique of determining informants is carried out by snowball, for those who have knowledge of the proposed district expansion areas in Papua Province. Then, the data collection techniques used were observation and interviews, then the research instruments included, interview guides, and recording devices. Data analysis techniques through the stages of data categorization, data description and data interpretation. The results show that firstly, the preparation of the expansion policy agenda in Papua province, when viewed from the regulation of the Special Autonomy Law in general, contains the importance of reviewing aspects of the locality of Papua Province, therefore it is possible to produce affirmative policies as an alternative to contextualizing the locality with national policies related to expansion. District in Papua. Second, the supporting factor is that with a variety of resources owned, the state or government can provide opportunities to improve the quality of human resources in the regions, especially Papua Province through the policy of regional expansion. Then the inhibiting factor is the dilemma of the expansionary requirements and in fact contradicts the context of the Papua Province region

    Pendugaan Densitas Karbon Pada Tegakan Pohon di Kawasan Hutan Kampung Sawesuma, Distrik Unurum Guay, Kabupaten Jayapura

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    The community managed conservation area forest (AKKM) of Kampung Sawesuma is part of the lowland forest landscape of Northern Papua. Lowland forests have a very high diversity of plant species and act as carbon sinks stored in tree stands. To determine the amount of carbon stored in tree stands, an estimation of the carbon density of tree stands was carried out in the AKKM forest area of Kampung Sawesuma, Jayapura. Estimation of carbon density was carried out by non-destructive method of tree stands using sample plots (measurement transects) and calculating tree biomass using allometric equations. The measurement results show that the tree biomass in the AKKM forest area is 167.5 tons/ha with an estimated carbon density of 78.7 tons/ha in the stands. Key words: carbon density; lowland forest; Sawesuma Village

    Criminal Accountability Against Illegal Civil Servant Salary Receipt in Criminal Acts of Corruption

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    The current study draws attention to analyze the right to salary of Civil Servant (PNS) undergoing legal proceedings and to analyze the qualifications of criminal act of corruption within the scope of the State Civil Apparatus. This study was an empirical legal research. The findings showed that the right to salary and benefits of Civil Servant undergoing legal proceedings was regulated in Article 281 of Law No. 11 of 2017 concerning Management of Civil State Apparatus that Civil Servant who were temporary dismissed due to detention of a suspect shall not be entitled to receive salary, but shall receive temporary dismissal pay. The amount of temporary dismissal pay is 50% (fifty percent) of the last salary as civil servant before being temporary dismissed in accordance with the laws and regulations. Temporary dismissal pay shall be received in the following month since the stipulation the temporary dismissal. On this basis, a comprehensive regulation is needed relating to supervisory oversight mechanism who made an omission against her subordinate civil servants who have committed disciplinary violations, especially those who were suspected of committing criminal act

    Analisa Tutupan dan Indeks Mortalitas Terumbu Karang di Perairan Pasir Tiga Kelurahan Tanjung Ria Kota Jayapura

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    Coral reef is one of the important ecosystems that are beneficial for the stability            of marine ecological conditions as habitat, spawning ground, feeding ground, shelter for various marine biota, and abrasion protection from wave strikes. Pasir Tiga waters is one of the water bodies in Pasir Tiga, Tanjung Ria, Jayapura city, the Province of Papua is inhabited by a variety of marine biota, one of which is coral reef. Nevertheless, the area is remote from the human residence, fishermen often practice unfriendly fishing activities, so that most coral reef ecosystems are damaged. This study was aimed at knowing the percent cover of live corals and mortality index in Pasir Tiga waters, Tanjung Ria, Jayapura city. It was carried out in August to October 2018. There stations were selected based on the presence of coral reefs and data collections used Line Intercept Transect (LIT) method at the depth of 6 and 9 m with 25 m long transect line. Results found that coral reefs in Pasir Tiga waters have the lowest cover, 3.6%, in station 1, 8.08% in station 2, and the highest, 11.68% in station 3. The coral reefs in all 3 stations are damaged. The mortality index was 0.80 in station 1, 0.44 in station 2, and 0.01 in station 3.Key Words: Coral Cover; Coral’s Mortality Index; Line Intercept Transect; Pasir Tiga; Jayapura Cit

    EFEKTIVITAS LKPD BERBASIS INQUIRY LESSON UNTUK MENINGKATKAN LITERASI SAINS PESERTA DIDIK

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    Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mendeskripsikan efektivitas LKPD berbasis tahapan inquiry lesson untuk meningkatkan literasi sains peserta didik SMP pada materi Suhu dan Kalor dalam konteks tema Global Warming. Desain penelitian yang digunakan adalah One Group Pretest-Posttest Design dengan sampel 33 peserta didik SMP kelas VII. Instrumen yang digunakan dalam penelitian ini yaitu soal tes literasi sains, lembar observasi kegiatan pembelajaran, transkripsi rekaman video pelaksanaan pembelajaran, dan angket respons peserta didik. Data dianalisis dengan metode kuantitatif dan kualitatif. Hasil perhitungan gain ternormalisasiuntuk data pretest dan posttest sebesar 0.36 dan termasuk dalam kategori sedang. Hasil uji statistik menggunakan Wilcoxon Signed Ranks Test dengan taraf kepercayaan 95% (α=0.05) menunjukkan adanya perbedaan yang signifikan antara hasil pretest dan posttest. Hasil perhitungan effect size sebesar 1,73 dan termasuk kategori pengaruh yang besar. Penelitian ini menunjukkan bahwa LKPD berbasis tahapan inquiry lesson dapat meningkatkan literasi sains dan merupakan variabel yang berpengaruh terhadap peningkatan literasi sains peserta didik pada pembelajaran tema Global Warming

    The Idea for Production of a Novel Narrow Spectrum Covid-19 Drug

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    Most drugs used in current medication for Covid-19 patient indicate several side effects due to the broad-spectrum drugs that affect the whole cells of human body (infected and healthy cells). Antiviral such as enzyme inhibitors, dideoxy, nucleoside/nucleotide analogs, amino acid analogs, even single chemical compound such as chloroquine phosphate, carboxylic acid type drugs and similar drugs may suppress some key molecules and changed pH not only in reactions which related to virus but also inevitably in the whole cells of human body. Based on all facts, then I designed the less cells destroying method to inhibit specifically SARS-CoV-2 replication in human cells.  Since the sequence of single strand positive sense of SARS-CoV-2 has determined, the mechanism of its replication inside human lung cells was also well understood, the transport membrane (endocytosis) of oligonucleotides are well known and the supportive biotechnological methods are adequate to produce this type of drug then I proposed this methods and design respectively: 1) Study the specific sequence of SARS-CoV-2 RNA.  2) Synthesize the oligonucleotide using nucleotides analogs (to produce fake primers) that can specifically attach to the specific sequence of SARS-CoV-2 RNA. 3) Conduct in vitro experiments using the fake primers produced and the infected cells, study the efficiency of endocytosis of fake primers through cell membrane and to know the best dosage that can inhibit the SARS-CoV-2 replication.  4) Conduct clinical tests to the Covid-19 patients based on the in vitro test results (after passing the ethics protocol). So, the proposed novel narrow spectrum drug is the fake primer produced

    Rekonstruksi Hukum Lelang Jabatan Struktural Dalam Rangka Reformasi Birokrasi

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    Penelitian ini bertujuan mengetahui sejauhmanakah konsep lelang jabatan struktural dapat mewujudkan reformasi birokrasi di Indonesia.Penelitian ini bersifat yuridis normatif.Pengumpulan data dilakukan melalui observasi, dokumentasi, dan kajian pustaka.Data dianalisis dengan menggunakan analisis deskriftif kualitatif.Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa konsep lelang jabatan strukturalmerupakan bentuk dari promosi jabatan yang dilakukan secara transparan dan selektif.Sehingga melalui penerapan konsep lelang jabatan struktural diharapkan mampu menghasilkan pejabat eselon yang berkompeten dimasing-masing bidangnya serta dapat mewujudkan reformasi birokrasi di Indonesia

    Public Services in Health Through Hospitals

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    Public service as mandated in the Law of the Republic of Indonesia Number 25 of 2009 concerning Public Services confirmed that public service is an activity or series of activities in order to fulfill service needs in accordance with laws and regulations for every citizen and resident on goods, services and/or administrative services provided by public service providers. Specifically, public services in the field of health, among others, stated that the authority of regions and cities is to administer minimum standards of health services, administer social health insurance, administer health service financing, conduct accreditation of health facilities and infrastructure and administer public health insurance systems.In its implementation there is still a Hospital in this case it can be considered that public services in health sectors have not been conducted properly or optimally because of its limitations, and therefore they have not been in accordance with the mandate of Law Number 25 of 2009 concerning Public Services and Health Laws and the Hospital Law, where there are still ethical and legal violations in conducting services

    International Community and Indonesia’s Policy Towards Climate Change Post-2012

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    Throughout the international climate change regime’s development up until 2012, the emergence of new and helpful mechanisms and negotiation processes were often accompanied by setbacks such as withdrawals and unmet State obligation. The object of this study focused on international community and indonesia’s policy towards climate change. The Method of this study is normative legal research. The result of this thesis is to situate the internal/domestic climate of several States (the U.S., Canada, Brazil, Norway, and Indonesia) and one regional organization (the EU); and connect it to the outward international policies each have chosen to put forward on the negotiation table and/or submit themselves to. Given the global nature of and concern about climate change, it feels as if there is no shortage of lessons to pick – from outright refusal to be legally bound to the regime at all (the U.S.), an unprecedented and recent move of formal and official withdrawal from the regime’s key instrument (Canada), the struggles with implementation that a regional organization might face (the European Union), to the recent moves and measures in environmental protection pioneered and led by States characterized by their increasingly strong economies (Brazil, Norway, and Indonesia)

    Karakterisasi Bakteri Endofit Tanaman Sirih Timor (Piper betle L.) Penghasil Antibakteri

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    Indonesia has a wealth of various types of plants that are useful as traditional medicinal plants. One of the medicinal plants that are often used by Indonesian people, especially on the island of Timor, East Nusa Tenggara (NTT) Province, is betel plant (Piper betle L.). Isolation of endophytic bacteria using the scratch method and the scatter method. The results of the isolation obtained 9 isolates. The results of the characterization of 9 isolates had round colonies, small, medium, large, flat elevation, and clear white color. The results of the bacterial test showed that 3 isolates had the potential as antibacterial, namely: SDE01, SAE03 and SBE04 isolates. Of the three isolates, SBE04 isolates had inhibition zone diameters of 1.7 and 1.35 mm against Escherichia coli and Staphylococcus aureus.Key words: antibacterial; endophytic bacteria; characterization; P. betle
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