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    A Social Autopsy of the Kiss Nightclub Fire

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    This article offers a social autopsy of the Kiss Nightclub Fire and an exploration of the networks of trauma and reconstruction in its wake. We present a critical analysis of the social and political conditions that created this large-scale tragedy, placing these in the context of political conflict and profit-seeking in Brazil’s recent past. We trace the trauma of the fire in a network of survivors and family members in Rio Grande do Sul and beyond, and the contrasting ways they have sought to make sense of and respond to the fire with political action and/or spiritual exploration

    Resistance, necropolitics, and revenge fantasies: Bacurau (2019) by Kleber Mendonça Filho and Juliano Dornelles

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    Bacurau by Kleber Mendonça Filho and Juliano Dornelles was the most controversial Brazilian film of 2019. It debuted at the Cannes Festival 2019 where it won the Special Jury Prize and later won more national and international distinctions. It was praised and criticized as a film that promotes resistance against the Bolsonaro government, and its sexist, racist and homophobic discourse. This article seeks to analyze three central aspects of the film: 1) how this resistance occurs against the American invaders who use the village of Bacurau for a real-life video game with its population as living targets; 2) the use of necropolitics, which historically resulted from the trafficking of people and slavery, and which is behind the sale of the village by its mayor Tony Júnior; and 3), the fantasy of revenge for this oppression. The main objective of this article consists in analyzing these aspects to understand whether the film contributes to the debate on racism in Brazil or not. We ask if it promotes a debate about the necessary decolonization to face the fundamental problem of inequality given the still-existing colonial power, or if it is just a vehicle for the political frustrations, offering viewers a momentary cathartic experience.Bacurau de Kleber Mendonça Filho e Juliano Dornelles foi o filme brasileiro mais polêmico de 2019. Estreou no Festival de Cannes 2019 onde obteve o Prêmio especial do Júri e depois ganhou mais distinções nacionais e internacionais. Foi elogiado e criticado como filme de resistência contra o atual governo de Bolsonaro, seu discurso sexista, racista e homofóbico. Este artigo procura analisar três aspetos centrais do filme: 1) a maneira como se dá essa resistência contra os invasores norte-americanos que utilizam o povoado de Bacurau para um videogame real, valendo-se de sua população como alvos vivos; 2) o emprego da necropolítica, que possui historicamente uma dimensão mais violenta no Brasil devido ao trafico de escravizados e à escravidão, e que está atrás da venda da vila pelo prefeito Tony Júnior; e 3), a fantasia de vingança relativamente à essa opressão e à qual o filme dá expressão por meio de um banho de sangue violento quando o povoado se defende contra os invasores. O maior objetivo deste artigo e da analise desses aspetos consiste em compreender se o filme contribui para o debate sobre racismo no Brasil, no sentido de promover a discussão acerca da necessária decolonização das mentes para enfrentar o fundamental problema da desigualdade nacional e de seu ainda vigente poder colonial, ou se é apenas uma válvula de escape para as frustrações políticas, oferecendo um momento catártico muito pontual aos espectadores

    Patologisering af non-reproduktive seksuelle praksisser aktuelt og historisk

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    The article provides a critical commentary on the fifth edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, DSM-V, from 2013. It traces the historical reasons behind the fact that sexual preferences are included as mental disorders in the psychiatric manual, even if many of them are empirically neither generally associated with impairment or harmful to anyone else. This holds true for fetishism, masochism and consensual sadism among others, and the article pays special attention “sadism” and “masochism, which as “clinical” terms are constituted from the names of literary authors. Second it close reads the descriptions in DSM-V to show that there are several reasons why these descriptions become pathologizing and stigmatizing despite explicit intentions to be the opposite. These include erosions of the distinction between paraphilia and paraphilic disorder – a distinction on which the very possibility of diagnosis is established. Furthermore, the handbook does not make the non-consensual, the impairing or the harmful, the over-riding principle but instead the sexual preference in and of itself. The article shows how deeply affected the conceptions of the real-world preferences are by the events and characters in the fiction of these authors, and how hierarchical disparity and power exchange are typically more central to the preferences than pain with which they have been so closely linked

    Ethical commitments and dilemmas in research with children and families : Situated ethics in practice research

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    Forskning som organiseres i tæt samarbejde med deltagerne, og som foregår i hverdagslivets kontekster, stiller forskeren over for flere etiske dilemmaer undervejs i forskningsprocessen. Overvejelser knyttet til fx informeret samtykke, dataopbevaring og -behandling og anonymiseringsspørgsmål er vigtige aspekter af forskningsetik, men adresserer kun nogle af de etiske spørgsmål, der kan opstå i forskning. Desuden er disse mere standardiserede og procedurebaserede aspekter af etik, som ofte fylder mest i opstarten af et forskningsprojekt, i mange tilfælde ikke tilstrækkelige som retningslinjer, når man som forsker skal foretage konkrete vurderinger og træffe beslutninger om etiske udfordringer på forskellige tidspunkter i forskningsprocessen. Etiske dilemmaer udspringer netop af situationer, hvor forskeren er i tvivl og bliver usikker på, hvad der er den rigtige beslutning og/eller oplever modstridende følelser eller handlemuligheder. Etiske spørgsmål opstår hele vejen gennem forskningsprocessen; fra man formulerer forskningsspørgsmålet, indleder sit empiriske arbejde, forlader feltet, og til man laver sine analyser og publicerer dem. I artiklen diskuterer vi etiske fordringer, der kan guide sådanne refleksions- og beslutningsprocesser gennem forskningsprocessen. Etiske fordringer er på én gang nogle overordnede etiske forpligtelser, man påtager sig at arbejde med i sin forskning og samtidig forankret i det konkrete forskningsprojekts metodologi, teoretiske afsæt, samt det felt og de problemstillinger, man arbejder med. I artiklen diskuterer vi, hvordan etiske fordringer kan bidrage til at reflektere og håndtere etiske dilemmaer gennem forskningsprocessen. Vi trækker på eksempler fra to forskningsprojekter om børn og forældres hverdagsliv, der på forskellige måder har involveret etiske dilemmaer i forskningssamarbejdet. Nøgleord: Situeret etik, Etiske dilemmaer, Etiske fordringer, Praksisforskning, MedforskerResearch organized in close collaboration with participants and conducted in the contexts of everyday life poses several ethical dilemmas for the researcher throughout the research process. Considerations related to, for example, informed consent, data storage and processing, and anonymization issues are important as-pects of research ethics, but address only some of the ethical questions that may arise in research. Moreover, these are more procedural aspects of ethics, which often dominate in the early stages of a research project and, in many cases, are not sufficient as guidelines when researchers need to make concrete assessments and decisions about ethical challenges at various points in the research process. Ethical dilemmas arise precisely from situations where the researcher is in doubt, becomes uncertain about what the right decision is, and/or experiences conflicting emotions or inclinations to act. Ethical questions also arise throughout the research process; from formulating the research question, initiating empirical work, leaving the field, and conducting analyses to publishing them. In the article, we discuss formulating ethical commitments that can guide such reflection and decision-making processes throughout the research process. Ethical commitments are overarching ethical ob-ligations that one undertakes to work with in one's research, and at the same time anchored in the specific research project's methodology, theoretical framework, as well as the field and issues one is working on. In the article, we discuss how ethical commitments can contribute to reflecting on how ethical dilemmas can be handled throughout the research process. We draw on examples from two research projects on the everyday lives of children and parents, which in various ways have involved ethical dilemmas in research collaboration. Keywords: Situated Ethics, Collaborative research, Ethical dilemmas, Ethical commitments, Young children and families, Co-researche

    Nudes, gender negotiations and community : A qualitative study of young people’s sexualized digital practices involving imagery of peers

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    Artiklen baserer sig på Ph.d.-afhandlingen ”Traveling Imagery – a qualitative study of young people’s use and sharing of sexualized digital imagery of peers”, som blev forsvaret på Danmarks Institut for Uddannelse og Pædagogik på Aarhus Universitet i januar 2022. Formålet var at undersøge ‘hvordan unges forskelligartede seksuali-serede digitale billeddelingspraksisser er konstitueret og at analysere, hvordan de giver mening for unge i alderen 15-20 år’. Mere specifikt fokuserede afhandlingen på, hvordan billederne produceres, spredes, bruges og diskuteres, hvilke sociale og kønnede normer og positioneringer, der produceres og forhandles, samt hvordan praksisserne faciliteres og inviteres af de teknologiske muligheder. Med teoretisk udgangspunkt i posthumanistisk og nymaterialistisk tænkning, kombi-neret med begreber fra filosofi, poststrukturalisme, postfænomenologi og affekt teori, udforskede afhandlingen således de sociale og teknologiske dynamikker, der med-konstituerer unges involvering i seksualiserede digitale billeddelingspraksisser. Det-te blev muliggjort af forskningsmateriale produceret via digital etnografi, analogt feltarbejde, interviews samt cases fra en rådgivningslinje. Analyserne viser, hvordan unges seksualiserede digitale billeder bevæger sig i nogle ret ustabile og grænseløse sociale netværk på tværs af både analoge og digitale kon-tekster. Dette synes at sløre distinktionen mellem de unges hverdagslige billedde-lingspraksisser og mere krænkende og kriminelle praksisser. Selvom billederne af nogle unge (primært drenge) bruges til at forfølge seksuelle længsler eller opnå sek-suel ophidselse, fungerer de for de fleste unge som en værdifuld valuta, der bruges til at opnå status og anerkendelse gennem de sociale og kønnede forhandlinger blandt venner og bekendte i og på tværs af den analoge og digitale verden. Nøgleord: Sexting, digitale sexkrænkelser, unge, køn, sociale medier, nymaterialisme The article is based on the PhD dissertation, ”Traveling Imagery – a qualitative study of young people’s use and sharing of sexualized digital imagery of peers”, de-fended at the Danish School of Education, Aarhus University, in January 2022. The aim was ‘to explore how differentiated sexualized digital practices involving image-ry of peers are enacted and to analyze how they make sense to young people aged 15–20’. More specifically, the dissertation examined how the imagery is produced, used, spread, and contested, what kinds of social and gendered norms and position-ings are being produced and negotiated, and how these practices are facilitated and invited by the technology.Drawing on posthumanism and new materialism, combined with concepts from phi-losophy, poststructuralism, postphenomenology, and affect theory, and through re-search material produced via digital ethnography, analogue fieldwork and cases from a helpline, the dissertation addresses the social and technological dynamics contributing to produce young people’s sexualized digital practices involving image-ry.The analyses show how young people’s sexualized digital imagery travels in volatile and boundless social networks across both analogue and digital contexts. This seems to blur the distinction between young people’s everyday sexualized digital practices involving imagery and their more abusive and criminal practices. For some young people (mainly boys), the sexualized imagery is used to pursue sexual desires and obtain sexual excitement, yet for most, it functions as a valuable currency for obtain-ing status and recognition through social and gendered negotiations among friends and acquaintances in, and across, analogue and digital spaces. Keywords: ­Sexting, image-based abuse, young people, gender, social media, new materialis

    Anmeldelse af Thomas Viggo Pedersen, Grundtvigs Kirke og det aristokratiske primtal. En drøm fra det tyvende århundrede

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    Anmeldelse af Thomas Viggo Pedersen, Grundtvigs Kirke og det aristokratiske primtal. En drøm fra det tyvende århundrede (2020)

    Communicating the experience of living with chronic pain: The role of non-verbal communication and the power of lessons learned

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    Background: Chronic pain is hard to communicate due to its invisible, inaudible, and imprecise nature. Outside of pain scales that try to quantify pain, individuals with chronic pain have a hard time expressing it, yet pain management relies on effective communication. This study explores how women with chronic pain enrolled in an online therapeutic writing workshop communicate the experience of living with chronic pain to fellow sufferers. Methods: A six-week online therapeutic writing workshop was conducted with individuals with chronic pain who responded to weekly creative writing prompts that focused on mindfulness and cognitive behavioral therapy strategies including attention, emotional regulation, and examining thoughts and attitudes. Participants were recruited by their primary care provider; seven participants enrolled. All posts were aggregated and analyzed using thematic analysis. Results: Data analysis from participants’ posts reveal two interpretive repertoires including physical evidence of pain where participants expressed visible impacts of pain occurring in their home environments and communicated non-verbally in gestures and behaviors. Secondly, the theme of lessons learned from living with pain emerged including enhanced empathy, the need for self-care, and sharing coping skills. Conclusion: This study extends our understanding of the experience of living with chronic pain outside of a medical context by providing new insights gained from their creative writing responses. The online therapeutic writing workshop fostered a community of support where participants were empowered to express their pain, identify their pain behaviors, and invite cognitive restructuring to learn from their pain

    Enacting communication cycles after prediabetes: Mothers’ stories of diabetes risk and seeking support

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    Background: Diabetes is a family systems experience of multiple intergenerational relationships. Communicating about diabetes as a familial risk helps individuals perceive greater control over preventing diabetes. Aim: The present study investigates how mothers disclose their prediabetes to their family and the precipitating family communication, with the goal to interrupt the multigenerational legacy of diabetes. Method: Data were collected from a Family Medicine outpatient clinic. Semi-structured interviews were conducted to illicit information about mother-child communication about diabetes. Sort and Sift, Think and Shift analysis provided rich descriptions of mothers’ experiences. Results: The sample consisted of 9 women with prediabetes, aged 42-70, who had at least one child. Eight participants described at least 2 generations of family members with a diabetes-related diagnosis (prediabetes, type 2 diabetes mellitus, and gestational diabetes). First, we present two contextual factors that preexisted the prediabetes diagnosis, which influenced the disclosure decision: general health communication approach and personal evaluation of diabetes. Second, we present the communication cycles that supported self-management. Discussion: Continual communication cycles with family and clinicians can support mothers with prediabetes to enact self-management behaviors and delay the onset of type 2 diabetes mellitus. Conclusion: Mothers need family members to respond favorably to complete a positive communication cycle that can generate continuous emotional, social, and instrumental support

    Planetariske infrastrukturer: Telegrafisk tid i Jules Vernes Jorden rundt på 80 dage (1873)

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    Ifølge den engelske arkitekturteoretiker Keller Easterling markerer året 1869 begyndelsen på en ny æra i den imperiale kapitalismes historie. Easterling bestemmer denne æra som “infrastrukturens paradigme” og nævner den transkontinentale amerikanske jernbane og åbningen af Suez Kanalen som åbenlyse eksempler. Den iransk-amerikanske infrastrukturforsker Laleh Khalili har dog foreslået, at udviklingen af telegrafiske søkabler også skal føjes til denne liste. Det er præcis denne infrastrukturelle og teknologiske udvikling (jernbaner, udgravninger og telegrafiske netværk), der udgør bagtæppet i den franske forfatter Jules Vernes berømte roman om den engelske eventyrer Phileas Foggs væddemål om at rejse Jorden rundt på 80 dage (1872). Artiklen analyserer romanen i dens infrastrukturelle, teknologihistoriske og imperiale kontekst og foreslår, at romanformen i perioden transformeres af såvel 1800-tallets kulturindustrielle kredsløb som af de nye kommunikationsteknologier

    Den tingene iboende kraft

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    Med udgangen af marts 2024 slutter Thomas Bloch Ravn som direktør efter godt 28 år i spidsen for Den Gamle By. I disse næsten tre årtier er Den Gamle By blevet gennemgribende gentænkt, og i denne artikel fortæller Thomas Bloch Ravn, hvordan han i sine første år som direktør fik en helt særlig kontakt til Den Gamle Bys oprindelige idé og bankende hjerte. English abstractThe Unique EnergyAt the end of March 2024, Thomas Bloch Ravn will step down as director after 28 years at the helm of Den Gamle By. For nearly threedecades, Den Gamle By has undergone an extensive reinvention, and in the article, Thomas Bloch Ravn shares how he has drawninspiration from founder Peter Holm’s initial plans for his museum. Thomas Bloch Ravn’s connection to this, the essence of Den GamleBy, was forged through conversations with former museum curator Erna Lorenzen, who worked with Peter Holm from 1935 to 1945. The director advises his successor to embrace the unique energy residing deep within Den Gamle By’s core concept

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