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    Faith and toleration in neoliberal times : Australia as a case study

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    This chapter uses Australia and its recent national inquiries on religious freedom to explore issues of faith and toleration in a neoliberal context. While the debate on religious freedom is happening independently from a social and economic assessment, faith-based organisations, as a form of support to a reduced welfare state, are growing and are providing more and more to those in need. This chapter highlights a change of discourse in the Australian public sphere with regard to freedom of religion, from one which is about tolerating and even celebrating all beliefs and religious practices to one which allows religious individuals and groups to discriminate in the name of religion. This, as presented, is more than a simple debate on freedom of expression as it can lead to social consequences against minority groups deemed excluded from welfare provision in the name of religion and, paradoxically, in the name of freedom of expression

    Workplace intervention among pregnant hospital employees : a protocol of a cluster randomized trial

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    Background: Sick leave during pregnancy is frequent and 36 % of Danish pregnant employees are on sick leave > 14 days. Health care professionals are considered a risk population. This intervention applies preventive sessions including the pregnant employee, her manager and a midwife in addition to usual practice at Aarhus University Hospital, Denmark (AUH). It is hypothesised that pregnant employees who participate in preventive sessions will have less sick leave and report better wellbeing compared to the reference group. Methods: All departments at AUH are cluster randomized. A total of 25 and 24 departments are allocated to the intervention and reference group, respectively. The intervention is protocolled with preventive sessions in addition to usual practice. The reference group receives usual practice. The primary outcome is mean number of days on sick leave during pregnancy. Secondary outcomes are wellbeing measured as physical and mental health, general work ability, work-life balance, manager support, and completed work adjustments during pregnancy. Data on sick leave will be collected from the hospital payment system and survey data will be collected at inclusion and follow-up. Discussion: This study will contribute to limited experimental research aimed to reduce sickness leave during pregnancy. The overall strength is the study design with easy access to study participants within a large hospital. The main limitation of the study is the high complexity of the study

    'When we can't vote, action is all we have' : student climate politics, rights and justice

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    Since 2018, millions of students have mobilised as organisers, advocates and activists for action on global warming in movements like the School Strike 4 Climate. In Australia, an estimated 500,000 school students, some as young as five, and predominantly girls and young women, have taken part in coordinated school strikes, protest actions online and in cities and towns around the country (Hilder & Collin, 2022). While children and young people have long been central to politics, this more recent mass mobilisation raises new questions about how the various new forms of political participation and expression adopted by young people are significantly reshaping political norms, values and practices in ostensibly liberal democratic regimes like Australia. In this chapter, we propose that close attention be given to whether young people’s political views and demands for political recognition, rights and climate justice is re-constituting politics and whatever passes for ‘democracy’ in contemporary societies. Drawing on a study of the student climate movement in Australia, this chapter briefly describes the emergence of the movement globally and locally. Deploying Isin’s notion of ‘acts of citizenship’ (Isin, 2008), we examine the ways young climate activists are engaged in critical, performative, political practice, making claims for political recognition, rights and climate justice

    Contextualising an online mindfulness-based intervention for young people with cancer : a qualitative study

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    Background: Despite improved prognosis, living with cancer can still negatively impact young people’s psychosocial well-being. Mindfulness-based interventions (MBI) have been shown to help manage cancerrelated stress but tailored interventions for young people are warranted. In addition, attendance at intensive face-to-face MBI is often a barrier to access and adherence. Aim: This study aims to contextualise an online MBI, for young people with cancer (YPWC). Methods: This study modified an online MBI using a qualitative research approach through several phases, including a discussion with experts, a workshop with YPWC (n = 6), followed by focus groups with health professionals (n = 5) and YPWC (n = 7). Findings: The qualitative thematic analysis of data from the workshop discussion and focus groups identified two key themes, which were (i) developing mindfulness skill and adopting into daily living and appropriateness; and (ii) accessibility of design and delivery of an MBI eBook. The participants in the workshop and focus group provided various recommendations and as a result of these data, the modules were modified and further tailored both at the design level and the module contents. Discussion: This study contextualised a self-directed, online MBI through the participation from YPWC and healthcare providers. This participatory approach enabled the development of a young people friendly intervention that incorporated cancer-focused case studies with mindful reflections, all of which were wellreceived by YPWC. Conclusion: The involvement of end-users in the development phase significantly improved the acceptability of this intervention design. The tailored MBI potentially aids the psychosocial well-being of YPWC

    Sr65 : a widely effective gene for stem rust resistance in wheat

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    Key message: Sr65 in chromosome 1A of Indian wheat landrace Hango-2 is a potentially useful all-stage resistance gene that currently protects wheat from stem rust in Australia, India, Africa and Europe. Abstract: Stem rust, caused by Puccinia graminis f. sp. tritici (Pgt), threatened global wheat production with the appearance of widely virulent races that included TTKSK and TTRTF. Indian landrace Hango-2 showed resistance to Pgt races in India and Australia. Screening of a Hango-2/Avocet ‘S’ (AvS) recombinant inbred line population identified two stem rust resistance genes, a novel gene (temporarily named as SrH2) from Hango-2 and Sr26 from AvS. A mapping population segregating for SrH2 alone was developed from two recombinant lines. SrH2 was mapped on the short arm of chromosome 1A, where it was flanked by KASP markers KASP_7944 (proximal) and KASP_12147 (distal). SrH2 was delimited to an interval of 1.8–2.3 Mb on chromosome arm 1AS. The failure to detect candidate genes through MutRenSeq and comparative genomic analysis with the pan-genome dataset indicated the necessity to generate a Hango-2 specific assembly for detecting the gene sequence linked with SrH2 resistance. MutRenSeq however enabled identification of SrH2-linked KASP marker sunCS_265. Markers KASP_12147 and sunCS_265 showed 92% and 85% polymorphism among an Australian cereal cultivar diversity panel and can be used for marker-assisted selection of SrH2 in breeding programs. The effectiveness of SrH2 against Pgt races from Europe, Africa, India, and Australia makes it a valuable resource for breeding stem rust-resistant wheat cultivars. Since no wheat-derived gene was previously located in chromosome arm 1AS, SrH2 represents a new locus and named as SR65

    [In Press] Planning for open space and recreation in new high density areas : a reply to Marriott

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    This note is a response to comments by Ken Marriott on our recent Australian Planner article on open space and recreation planning in new high density areas (NHDAs). We reject the claim that our work ignores existing open space and recreation planning methodologies and cite sources which present our extensive reviews and evaluations of those methodologies. We also provide further explanation of the planning challenges of NHDAs, notably land constraints and the absence of a resident population during the planning process, and re- emphasise the flexible nature of the recreation activity benchmark as a planning tool

    Privacy-aware anomaly detection in IoT environments using FedGroup : a group-based federated learning approach

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    The popularity of Internet of Things (IoT) devices in smart homes has raised significant concerns regarding data security and privacy. Traditional machine learning (ML) methods for anomaly detection often require sharing sensitive IoT data with a central server, posing security and efficiency challenges. In response, this paper introduces FedGroup, a novel Federated Learning (FL) method inspired by FedAvg. FedGroup revolutionizes the central model’s learning process by updating it based on the learning patterns of distinct groups of IoT devices. Our experimental results demonstrate that FedGroup consistently achieves comparable or superior accuracy in anomaly detection when compared to both federated and non-federated learning methods. Additionally, Ensemble Learning (EL) collects intelligence from numerous contributing models, leading to enhanced prediction performance. Furthermore, FedGroup significantly improves the detection of attack types and their details, contributing to a more robust security framework for smart homes. Our approach demonstrates exceptional performance, achieving an accuracy rate of 99.64% with a minimal false positive rate (FPR) of 0.02% in attack type detection, and an impressive 99.89% accuracy in attack type detail detection

    Liminality and ritual in dramatherapy : the intersubjective space

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    ‘Theatre’ is a word which describes what can be seen in a performance space, including an empty stage suggesting an ‘active absence’ as well as performativity. The space can also be a liminal one where the audience experiences flashes of recognition as in Hamlet's play within the play. ‘Aha moments’ are not always of the guilty secret variety that Shakespeare wanted to emphasize there, but sometimes of really inspired vision. They can give us a soul sense which connects us more easily with a way of perceiving the world around us. These moments wake us up, freeing us from unconsciousness and allowing us to renew the unfinished past in the light of the present moment, changing our biography. Dramatherapy offers an intersubjective space where therapist and client can build a ritualized enclosure, a play space where mysteries can be explored and in-between openings encountered. In the Covid-19 era, the enclosures can be as limited as small, rectangular spaces on a computer screen. This chapter explores the choices of spaces for sessional dramatherapy with a range of clients and supervisees, connecting them with the possibilities for liminal space to occur. Encounters with adult clients from private practice as well as people with dementia from a doctoral research project are presented here. They demonstrate that dramatherapy interventions, given preparatory thought and reflection, can result in a process where unexpected awakenings can be embodied, experienced and later processed

    Online music listening programs for older adults with dementia during the COVID-19 pandemic : a feasibility study

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    Older adults and people living with dementia experienced high degrees of social isolation and reduced access to support during the recent COVID-19 pandemic. However, worldwide, including amongst people living with dementia and their caregivers, musical engagement provided some relief and social connection. This study examines the feasibility of transforming a personalised playlist program for people living with dementia for online delivery. A mixed methods approach was taken in which quantitative data (facial action unit activation) and qualitative data (interviews) were collected from 5 people with dementia and their caregivers. Interviews were also conducted with 5 music therapy students undergoing clinical placements who participated in the study as program facilitators. Results demonstrated the feasibility of delivery of online music playlist programs for supporting people living with dementia living in isolation. Caregivers reported increased understanding about how to use music in targeted ways to support mood and behaviour. Despite the limitations of the online format, facial action unit activation suggested that people with dementia experienced increased enjoyment when listening to energising playlists, confirming the feasibility of this as an outcome measure. However, increased challenges to developing a rapport with clients in the online context were highlighted

    Re-imagining Social Work: Towards Creative Practice

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    Social workers are increasingly faced with contemporary global challenges such as inequality, climate change and displacement of people. As a field committed to supporting the world's most vulnerable populations and communities, social work must adapt to meet the needs of this changing global landscape. Re-imagining Social Work broadens the imaginative horizons for social workers and acquaints readers with their potential to creatively contribute to global change. Written in an accessible style, this book motivates readers to think outside the box when it comes to linking theory to their social work practice, in order to construct innovative solutions to prominent social problems. Re-imagining Social Work provides a unique perspective on how social work can evolve for the future. Through theory and critical perspective, this book provides the skills required to be an innovative creative social worker

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