Archivio istituzionale della Ricerca - Bocconi
Not a member yet
    12185 research outputs found

    Population aging and gender gaps: labor market, family relationships and public policy

    No full text
    This chapter provides an assessment of the complex relationships between population aging and gender gaps in the labor market, family relationships and public policy in OECD countries. Population aging and gender gaps are closely related. Recent evidence shows that, in countries where women participate more in the labor market, fertility rates are higher, thus suggesting that gender equality in the labor market may counterbalance the aging process. The current trends of aging and gender equality are changing the labor force composition, by increasing the proportion of elderly workers and of women. Aging and gender equality also interact in the private sphere, influencing family and intergenerational relationships: the aging process challenges the role of grandmothers as childcare providers and imposes a reconsideration of elderly women as care‐receivers. All these interactions create new pressure on public policy. The pandemic is challenging the current relationships between aging and gender equality: gender equality in the labor market is stalling, birth rates are declining, family relationships ‐ both intergenerational and intracouple‐ are under pressure, due to the increased amount of childcare and housework together with the lack of support by grandparents. Further research is needed to understand how public policies will deal with population aging and the closure of gender gaps in this new context

    The long-term economic effects of aridification

    No full text
    We conduct a disaggregated empirical analysis of the economic effects of desertification, exploiting a novel grid-cell global dataset from 1990 to 2015. Our measure of desertification combines annual variation in precipitation and potential evapotranspiration of the soil. To ensure accuracy, we employed advanced spatial econometric techniques to account for the interdependence between economic development and both time and location. Our results indicate that a one standard deviation increase in desertification is associated with a 0.6% to 0.9% decrease in GDP per capita. Based on these estimates, we have predicted the potential impact of future desertification on economic development, with a particular focus on Africa and Southeast Asia

    Identifying and qualifying deviant cases in clusters of sequences: the why and the how

    Get PDF
    Sequence analysis is employed in different fields—e.g., demography, sociology, and political sciences—to describe longitudinal processes represented as sequences of categorical states. In many applications, sequences are clustered to identify relevant types, which reflect the different empirical realisations of the temporal process under study. We explore criteria to inspect internal cluster composition and to detect deviant sequences, that is, cases characterised by rare patterns or outliers that might compromise cluster homogeneity. We also introduce tools to visualise and distinguish the features of regular and deviant cases. Our proposals offer a more accurate and granular description of the data structure, by identifying—besides the most typical types—peculiar sequences that might be interesting from a substantive and theoretical point of view. This analysis could be very useful in applications where—under the assumption of within homogeneity—clusters are used as outcome or explanatory variables in regressions. We demonstrate the added value of our proposal in a motivating application from life-course socio-demography, focusing on Italian women’s employment trajectories and on their link with their mothers’ participation in the labour market across geographical areas

    Italy: Human Resource Management in Italian family-owned SMEs: sustaining the competitive advantage through B Corp transformation

    No full text
    Romano Lana is a 50-year-old family-owned medium enterprise located in Tuscany (Italy). Notwithstanding its robust financial performance, Romano Lana is struggling to maintain its competitive advantage. Linda, one of the owner’s children appointed as HR manager in the company, is convinced that getting benefit corporation (B Corp) certification will support the transformation needed to become more attractive to skilled employees, much needed to embrace the change required by the increasing competition. However, Linda needs to win the resistance of her father Cecco who strongly believes in the positive aspects of being a family firm (flexibility, reactiveness, cohesiveness) and is convinced that any kind of certification would include bureaucracy and (worthless) procedures

    He said, she said: gender differences in the disclosure of positive and negative information

    Get PDF
    Research on gender differences in (self-)disclosure has produced mixed results, and, where differences have emerged, they may be an artifact of the measures employed. The present paper explores whether gender – defined as self-identified membership in one's sociocultural group – can indeed account for differences in the desire and propensity to divulge information to others. We additionally identify a possible moderator for such differences. In three studies employing two distinct research approaches – a free recall task for the extreme desire to disclose (Study 1, N = 195) and scaled responses to scenarios that manipulate valence experimentally in an exploratory study (Study 2, N = 547) and a preregistered replication (Study 3, N = 405) – we provide evidence of a robust interaction between gender and information valence. Male participants appear similar to female participants in their desire and likelihood to disclose positive information but are less likely than women to want to share negative information with others, and less likely to ultimately act on that desire. Men are reportedly more motivated than women to disclose as a means of self-enhancement, and self-reports reveal that women perceive their sharing behavior to be relatively normative, while men believe themselves to be more withholding than what is optimal. Information disclosure is increasingly pervasive and permanent in the digital age, and is accompanied by an array of social and psychological consequences. Given their disparate disclosing behaviors, men and women may thus be differentially advantaged by, or susceptible to, the positive and negative consequences of information sharing

    Estimating the distaste for price gouging with incentivized consumer reports

    No full text
    Thirty-four states prohibit price increases during emergencies, and individuals take costly actions to report violators. We measure experimentally the willingness to pay to report sellers who increase prices of personal protective equipment. Over 75 percent of subjects pay to report, even if others are willing to buy at those prices. We argue that reports contain information about a desire to prevent or punish third-party transactions at unfair or illicit prices. Reports are partially driven by a distaste for firm profits or markups, implying that the distribution of surplus between producers and consumers matters for welfare

    Managing community engagement initiatives in health and social care : lessons learned from Italy and the United Kingdom

    No full text
    Background: Determining the different features and potential impacts of community initiatives aimed at health-related outcomes poses challenges for both researchers and policy makers. Purpose: This article explores the nature of heterogeneous “community engagement initiatives” (CEIs) considering both their social and organizational features in order to understand the managerial and policy implications to maximize their potential local health and social care-related impacts. Methodology: Athreefold qualitative analysis was conducted: (a) Three frameworkswere developed to classify and analyze different CEIs features, building upon the current literature debate; (b) primary data were collected fromItalian CEIs; and (c) a comparative cross-case analysis of a total of 79 CEIs in Italy and the United Kingdom was implemented. Findings: The results show two types of strategic policy and management implications: (a) CEI portfolios are very broad and differentiated; (b) different social networks have diversified social constructs, internal cultures, and organizational features; and (c) there is a consequent need to contextualize relational and steering approaches in order to maximize their potential community added value. Conclusion: CEIs are fundamental pillars of contemporary welfare systems because of both the changing demography and epidemiology and the disruptive impact of platform economymodels. This challenging scenario and the related CEIs involve a complex social mechanism, which requires a new awareness and strengthened competences for public administrations’ steering. Practice Implications: It is crucial for policy makers and managers to become familiar with all the different CEIs available in order to choosewhich solution to implement, depending on their potential impacts related to local public health and social care priorities. They also need to select the related effective steering logic

    The maze of contemporary contract theory and a way out

    No full text
    Contemporary contract theories fail to escape their bondage to 19th century liberal philosophers. Some are based on utility or preference satisfaction, but they disregard justice. Others try to extract conclusions for general concepts such as liberty or autonomy but they cannot do so without first smuggling their conclusions in the definitions of these concepts. These problems can be resolved by looking in a different direction: to the Aristotelian idea of contract as commutive justice on which contract theory was grounded before the 19th century. In the Aristotelian tradition, a contract of exchange was defined in terms of its purpose: to enable each party to obtain what he valued more in return for what he valued less without enriching the other party at his own expense. It united a concern for concept of a contract, the purposes of the parties, and the justice of their transaction rather than splitting them apart

    Finally throwing those Wellies away? Collaborating in search of a solution for Venice flooding

    Get PDF
    Collaborative governance is often advocated as a way to address 'messy' problems that individual stakeholders cannot solve alone. However, whereas stakeholders' participation brings a broad range of response options to public decision-making, the complexities of the perspectives at stake may also lead to conflicts and stalemates. This is especially true in collaborative environmental governance, where conflict is common and stakeholders' interdependence in more than one arena tends to be frequent. Based on a longitudinal field study, we explore how to break stalemates in collaborative environmental governance when they occur, and move the collaboration towards a shared decision. The successful collaborative decision-making for the defence of Venice against floods represents our empirical setting. Our findings show that, in this context, the combined effect of three factors seems to be important to break stalemates and lead stakeholders towards a shared decision in collaborative environmental governance: stakeholders' reactivation, fear of marginalization and leaders acting as orchestrators

    1,823

    full texts

    26,975

    metadata records
    Updated in last 30 days.
    Archivio istituzionale della Ricerca - Bocconi
    Access Repository Dashboard
    Do you manage Open Research Online? Become a CORE Member to access insider analytics, issue reports and manage access to outputs from your repository in the CORE Repository Dashboard! 👇