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    IITA Research Highlights 1982

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    Africa RISING West Africa Project External Mid-Term Review Report

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    United States Agency for International Developmen

    Reunion Regional de Cooperación en Mandioca en el Sub-trópico de América Latina (1990, Asuncion, Paraguay). Informe

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    A cassava workshop was held in Paraguay to analyze the convenience of improving the communication between professionals working with the crop in Paraguay, Argentina, and southern Brazil, identify specific technical areas of interest to the institutions of each country, and prepare an agenda of future interinstitutional activities to satisfy common information needs. Main points of the reports given by the different participants are summarized. Thematic areas of interest were defined as plant breeding, production, postharvest aspects, and social economics. Regarding plant breeding, the search for tolerance to cold and to bacteriosis was considered prioritary; in the area of production, prioritary areas were handling of planting material, control of bacteriosis, soil management and conservation, and cultural practices. Regarding postharvest aspects, priorities varied according to the country (fresh consumption, starch, wastes, fermentation, feeds, demand surveys, CM, technological diffusion) and in social economics, a need for on-farm research as well as for studies on socioeconomic aspects of production was expressed. (CIAT

    Curso de adiestramiento de especialistas en producción de cultivos

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    Economic gains from maize research in West and Central Africa: an overview

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    Agricultural research by national systems and international institutes has contributed to the increase in maize production and productivity in West and Central Africa (WCA) over the last three decades. This subregion accounted for about 43% of maize production in sub-Saharan Africa (SSA) from 1998-2000, compared with 17% 30 years ago (1968-1970). Yields improved by 41% from an average of 858 kg ha"' in 1970 to about 1210 kg ha"' in 2000. During the period under review, a large number of disease resistant varieties were released, methods for more effective control of pests and diseases were developed, and institutional capacity and capability of the NARS were greatly strengthened. One impact of maize research is the improvement in the standard of living of maize producers. Spillover effects of maize research include but are not limited to a better and greater use of improved technologies for the production of other crops and economic gains to the maize importers and consumers in WCA. There is evidence that the rate of increase in the real price of maize was not significant and was less than that of other food commodities.United States Agency for International Developmen
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