Role of Large Gluonic Excitation Energy for Narrow Width of Penta-Quark Baryons in QCD String Theory


We study the narrow decay width of low-lying penta-quark baryons in the QCD string theoryin terms of gluonic excitations. In the QCD string theory, the penta-quark baryon decays via a gluonic-excited state of a baryon and meson system, where a pair of Y-shaped junction and anti-junction is created. Since lattice QCD shows that the lowest gluonic-excitation energy takes a large value of about 1 GeV, the decay of the penta-quark baryon near the threshold is considered as a quantum tunneling process via a highly-excited state (a gluonic-excited state) in the QCD string theory. This mechanism strongly suppresses the decay and leads to an extremely narrow decay width of the penta-quark system.Comment: Talk given at International Conference on the Structure of Baryons (Baryons 04) October 25 - 29, 2004, Ecole Polytechnique, Palaiseau, Franc

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